Salt in the Sand: Memory, Violence, and the Nation-State in Chile, 1890 to the Present

Salt in the Sand: Memory, Violence, and the Nation-State in Chile, 1890 to the Present

by Lessie Jo Frazier
     
 

ISBN-10: 0822340038

ISBN-13: 9780822340034

Pub. Date: 07/17/2007

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

Salt in the Sand is a compelling historical ethnography of the interplay between memory and state violence in the formation of the Chilean nation-state. The historian and anthropologist Lessie Jo Frazier focuses on northern Chile, which figures prominently in the nation’s history as a site of military glory during the period of national conquest, of

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Overview

Salt in the Sand is a compelling historical ethnography of the interplay between memory and state violence in the formation of the Chilean nation-state. The historian and anthropologist Lessie Jo Frazier focuses on northern Chile, which figures prominently in the nation’s history as a site of military glory during the period of national conquest, of labor strikes and massacres in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth, and of state detention and violence during World War II and the Cold War. It was also the site of a mass-grave excavation that galvanized the national human rights movement in 1990, during Chile’s transition from dictatorship to democracy. Frazier analyzes the creation of official and alternative memories of specific instances of state violence in northern Chile from 1890 to the present, tracing how the form and content of those memories changed over time. In so doing, she shows how memory works to create political subjectivities mobilized for specific political projects within what she argues is the always-ongoing process of nation-state formation. Frazier’s broad historical perspective on political culture challenges the conventional periodization of modern Chilean history, particularly the idea that the 1973 military coup marked a radical break with the past.

Analyzing multiple memories of state violence, Frazier innovatively shapes social and cultural theory to interpret a range of sources, including local and national government archives, personal papers, popular literature and music, interviews, architectural and ceremonial commemorations, and her ethnographic observations of civic associations, women's and environmental groups, and human rights organizations. A masterful integration of extensive empirical research with sophisticated theoretical analysis, Salt in the Sand is a significant contribution to interdisciplinary scholarship on human rights, democratization, state formation, and national trauma and reconciliation.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780822340034
Publisher:
Duke University Press Books
Publication date:
07/17/2007
Series:
Politics, History, and Culture
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
408
Product dimensions:
5.88(w) x 9.50(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations xi

Acknowledgments xiii

Introduction: Ethnography, History, and Memory 1

Part I. Templates

1. Memory and the Camanchacas Calientes of Chilean Nation-State Formation 21

2. Structures of Memory, Shapes of Feeling: Chronologies of Reminiscence and Repression in Tarapaca (1890-Present) 58

Part II. Conjunctures

3. Dismantling Memory: Structuring the Forgetting of the Oficina Ramirez (1890-1891) and La Coruna (1925) Massacres 85

4. Song of the Tragic Pampa: Structuring the Remembering of the Escuela Santa Maria Massacre (1907) 117

5. Conjunctures of Memory: The Detention Camps in Pisagua Remembered (1948, 1973, 1990) and Forgotten (1943, 1956, 1984) 158

6. The Melancholic Economy of Reconciliation: Talking with the Dead, Mourning for the Living 190

Conclusion: Democratization and Arriving at the “End of History” in Chile 243

Notes 261

Selective Bibliography 355

Index 365

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