Children's Literature - J. H. DiehlThis is a book that deftly summarizes the history of El Salvador, reasons for Salvadoran emigration to the United States, and the post-immigration experiences of contemporary Salvadoran-Americans. It starts with the country's origins as part of the Mayan Empire, describes the Spanish conquest, the birth of the country in 1841, and subsequent political and economic conflicts between landowners and peasants. A chapter is devoted to the 1979 civil war, which prompted the biggest wave of Salvadoran emigration, and the issues confronting both legal and illegal Salvadoran residents in the United States. The book characterizes the settlement patterns of Salvadorans, who have tended to gravitate to large metropolitan areas, especially Los Angeles, Long Island, and Washington, D.C. The book also summarizes federal immigration and welfare laws enacted since the 1980s that have affected the status and resources available to immigrants. A final chapter is devoted to a discussion of language barriers, discrimination, pressures on young Salvadorans to join gangs, as well as the economic success of many immigrants and how they have helped their homeland. Back matter includes profiles of eleven famous Salvadoran-Americans, a time line, glossary, and many online resources for further study and for experiencing Salvadoran culture in the United States.
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