Salvation at Stake: Christian Martyrdom in Early Modern Europe / Edition 1

Salvation at Stake: Christian Martyrdom in Early Modern Europe / Edition 1

by Brad S. Gregory
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0674007042

ISBN-13: 9780674007048

Pub. Date: 11/28/2001

Publisher: Harvard

Thousands of men and women were executed for incompatible religious views in sixteenth-century Europe. The meaning and significance of those deaths are studied here comparatively for the first time, providing a compelling argument for the importance of martyrdom as both a window onto religious sensibilities and a crucial component in the formation of divergent

Overview

Thousands of men and women were executed for incompatible religious views in sixteenth-century Europe. The meaning and significance of those deaths are studied here comparatively for the first time, providing a compelling argument for the importance of martyrdom as both a window onto religious sensibilities and a crucial component in the formation of divergent Christian traditions and identities.

Gregory explores Protestant, Catholic, and Anabaptist martyrs in a sustained fashion, addressing the similarities and differences in their self-understanding. He traces the processes and impact of their memorialization by co-believers, and he reconstructs the arguments of the ecclesiastical and civil authorities responsible for their deaths. In addition, he assesses the controversy over the meaning of executions for competing views of Christian truth, and the intractable dispute over the distinction between true and false martyrs. He employs a wide range of sources, including pamphlets, martyrologies, theological and devotional treatises, sermons, songs, woodcuts and engravings, correspondence, and legal records. Reconstructing religious motivation, conviction, and behavior in early modern Europe, Gregory shows us the shifting perspectives of authorities willing to kill, martyrs willing to die, martyrologists eager to memorialize, and controversialists keen to dispute.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780674007048
Publisher:
Harvard
Publication date:
11/28/2001
Series:
Harvard Historical Studies Series, #134
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
544
Sales rank:
799,149
Product dimensions:
6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

A Note on Translations and Orthography

A Complex of Martyrs

On Understanding Early Modern Christianity

The Nature of the Martyrological Sources

The Course of Exposition

The Late Medieval Inheritance

The Absence and Presence of Martyrs in the Late Middle Ages

Suffering Patiently, Dying Well, and the Passion of Christ

Christian Martyrs outside the Church in the Late Middle Ages

The Willingness to Kill

Prosecuting Religious Criminals

The Duty of Intolerance

The Trajectory of Argumentation

Laws, Institutions, and the Contingencies of Practice

The Willingness to Die

The Poverty of Theory

Foundations: Faith and Scripture

Contemporary Communities: Social Support and Sustenance

Historical Communities: Pedigrees of the Persecuted

Prison Activities: Practicing the Beliefs

The Art of Dying Well

Witnesses for the Gospel: Protestants and Martyrdom

The Early Evangelical Martyrs and Emergent Protestant Identity

Avoiding Idolatry, Following Christ: Convictions to Die For

The Midcentury Martyrologies

The Protestant Martyrologies in National Contexts

Nachfolge Christi: Anabaptists and Martyrdom

Müntzer to Münster: Forging an Anabaptist

Martyrological Mentality

Anabaptist Martyrs in the Low Countries

The Transformation of the Dutch Mennonite Martyrological Tradition

The New Saints: Roman Catholics and Martyrdom

Defensive Martyrdom: The Henrician Catholics

The Passion for Passion in Post-Tridentine Catholicism

The Role of the Martyrs in Catholic Devotional Life

The Conflict of Interpretations

The Weaknesses of Nondoctrinal Criteria

"Not the Punishment, but the Cause, Makes a Martyr"

Implications and Conclusions

Conclusion: A Shared and Shattered Worldview

Appendix

Notes

Index

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