Same-Sex Marriage in the Americas: Policy Innovation for Same-Sex Relationships

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Overview

This book examines the proliferation of policy making concerning the recognition and protection of same-sex relationships in the countries of North and South America, adding to the knowledge of developments in the United States and Canada, but, mostly notable, exploring more recent developments in Mexico, Central and South America, and the Caribbean. While much work has been done on developments in Europe and upper North America, this book attempts to broaden the understanding of relationship equality policy proliferation around the world and to add new insights regarding the policies of sexuality in different national contexts. The book discusses the several factors that have constrained and facilitated policymaking in this area including legal systems, public opinion, political culture, and, more particularly, the role of religion as a key obstacle in the recognition of rights for same-sex couples. The chapters also explore the role of institutional mechanisms, political parties, NG's, IG's, and international norms as significant factors for policy adoption This book explores policy innovation for same-sex couples throughout the Americas and includes same-sex marriage legislation, civil unions, and other new developments for same-sex couples throughout the Americas at both national and sub-national levels. This scholarship is innovative because though much has been written regarding developments in North America, there is very little work dealing with recent developments in the rest of the Americas.

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Editorial Reviews

CHOICE
This book edited by Pierceson (Univ. of Illinois), Piatti-Crocker (Univ. of Illinois), and Schulenberg (PhD candidate, Univ. of California, Riverside) could serve well in a comparative politics, sociology, or gender studies course. It includes contributions on the status of same-sex relationships in the US, Mexico, Central and South America, and the Caribbean. The chapters on Argentina, Mexico, and Brazil are insightful and detail the unique features of those countries' political systems. The chapter titled 'Deconstructing the Backlash' assesses the argument that the states in the US where the pro-gay-marriage-rights policies have been spearheaded by state supreme court decisions will face a backlash from the general population, which will culminate in a state constitutional amendment to reverse the court's decision. Each chapter gives an extensive review of the literature and a comprehensive synthesis of the issues in the country under investigation. Undergraduates as well as graduate students and many members of the general public will be interested in this well-written survey of where various countries in the Americas currently stand on gay marriages. Summing Up: Recommended.
Choice
This book edited by Pierceson (Univ. of Illinois), Piatti-Crocker (Univ. of Illinois), and Schulenberg (PhD candidate, Univ. of California, Riverside) could serve well in a comparative politics, sociology, or gender studies course. It includes contributions on the status of same-sex relationships in the US, Mexico, Central and South America, and the Caribbean. The chapters on Argentina, Mexico, and Brazil are insightful and detail the unique features of those countries' political systems. The chapter titled 'Deconstructing the Backlash' assesses the argument that the states in the US where the pro-gay-marriage-rights policies have been spearheaded by state supreme court decisions will face a backlash from the general population, which will culminate in a state constitutional amendment to reverse the court's decision. Each chapter gives an extensive review of the literature and a comprehensive synthesis of the issues in the country under investigation. Undergraduates as well as graduate students and many members of the general public will be interested in this well-written survey of where various countries in the Americas currently stand on gay marriages. Summing Up: Recommended.
Barry Adam
With same-sex marriage becoming the litmus test social issue of our era, this book offers a new vantage point on the impetus and obstacles to legalization. Essays from Canada to Argentina offer new insights into how same-sex marriage comes about or comes to a halt.
Ellen Ann Andersen
This volume addresses two major gaps in the burgeoning scholarship on marriage equality. First, it utilizes a comparative lens to consider the circumstances under which nations are more or less likely to formally recognize same-sex relationships. Second, it broadens the field of inquiry to include an examination of the dynamic changes occurring in Central and South America in addition to its exploration of Canada and the United States. The material is rich and speaks to a wide range of issues, including the role of institutional structures, local political cultures, international norms, and strategic actors in producing sociolegal change. A valuable addition to existing studies.
Charles Anthony Smith
This is a timely and important volume that represents a pioneering expansion of LGBT-oriented work. This volume is not only at the frontier of LGBT political science, but also represents a sophisticated development in the comparative field generally. Each chapter is well done, compelling, and brings new insight to the host of issues and problems presented.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780739128664
  • Publisher: Lexington Books
  • Publication date: 4/13/2010
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 248
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Jason Pierceson is an associate professor of Political Science and Legal Studies, and Chair of the Political Science Department at University of Illinois. Adriana Piatti-Crocker is an assistant professor at University of Illinois. Shawn Schulenberg is a Ph.D. candidate at University of California Riverside.

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Table of Contents

1 Introduction Adriana Piatti-Crocker Jason Pierceson 1

2 Democracy, Discursive Frames, and Same-Sex Unions: A Cross-National Analysis Ahmed Khanani Jean C. Robinson 15

3 Constructing Policy Innovation in Argentina: From Gender Quotas to Same-Sex Marriage Adriana Piatti-Crocker 37

4 The Argentine Supreme Court and the Construction of a Constitutional Protection of Sexual Minorities Laura Saldivia 73

5 Policy Stability without Policy: The Battle for Same-Sex Partnership Recognition in Brazil Shawn Schulenberg 93

6 Same-Sex Relationship Equality in Mexico Genaro Lozano 129

7 Deconstructing the Backlash: Same-Sex Marriage Litigation and Social Change in the United States and Canada Jason Pierceson 161

8 Legal Struggles and Political Resistance: Same-Sex Marriage in Canada and the United States Nancy Nicol Miriam Smith 181

9 The Distinctive Centrality of Marriage in the United States David Rayside 203

10 Conclusion: Juristocracy in the Americas? Jason Pierceson 227

Appendix: Chapter 3 References 231

Index 237

About the Contributors 247

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