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Sams Teach Yourself Windows 95 in 24 Hours, Third Edition
- 3 -
Take Windows 95 to Task
The taskbar and the Start button are closely related. Most Windows 95 users use the Start button to display the Start menu, then select a program they want to see begin. When the program begins running (also called executing), the taskbar displays a button with an icon along with a description that represents that running program.
The taskbar, Start button, and the Start menu are the most important components Microsoft put in Windows 95. The taskbar is the cornerstone of Windows 95. This hour describes the taskbar and its Start menu in detail and explains how to customize the taskbar to make it perform in a manner that best suits your computing style.
The highlights of this hour include:
- Where the Start menu comes from
- How to move and change the appearance of the taskbar
- How to start programs not listed on the Start menu's Programs option
- When to use the active desktop
A Quick Taskbar and Start Button Review
In Hour 1, "What's Windows 95 All About?" you saw the Start menu and used it to shut down your computer properly. Clicking the taskbar's Start button produces the Start menu. The Start menu does all these things and more:
- It makes itself available to you no matter what else you are doing.
- It displays a list of programs using the Start menu's cascading system.
- It provides you with an easy-access list of recently-used documents that you can open.
- It enables you to return to your favorite places, whether those places are Internet sites or programs.
- It provides a search engine (a routine that scans your computer for files and folders) that navigates through all your files looking for the one you need.
- It provides online help for working within Windows 95.
The next few sections explain how you can customize the taskbar and its associated Start menu, so that when you are ready to use the Start menu, it will act and look the way you expect.
TIP: If you do not see the Start button, your taskbar might be hidden. Press Ctrl+Esc to display the Start menu and taskbar.
Moving the Taskbar
The taskbar does not have to stay at the bottom of your screen. Depending on the program you are running, you might want to move the taskbar to either side of your monitor, or even to the top of your screen. The taskbar placement is easy to change, as you will see in this hour.
NOTE: Figure 3.1 shows that a side taskbar does not have the width necessary to display lengthy taskbar descriptions. When you place the taskbar at the bottom or top of the screen, the taskbar has more room for longer descriptions.
- FIGURE 3.1 You can move the taskbar to any edge of your screen
When you place the taskbar at the top of the screen, the Start menu falls down from the Start button; when you place the taskbar at the bottom of the screen, the Start menu pops up from the Start button.
TIP: When working on a wide spreadsheet or document, you might want as much screen width as you can get so place the taskbar at the bottom or top of your screen. When working with graphics, you usually need more vertical screen space, so you could move the taskbar to either side of the screen when working within a graphics program.
Task 3.1: Moving Your Taskbar
Step 1: Description
The taskbar is easy to drag to any of the four edges of your screen. Simply drag the taskbar to the new location. When dragging the taskbar, you have to position the mouse pointer over a blank spot in the taskbar, such as between two buttons or to the right of the Start button if no other windows are open.
Step 2: Action
- 1. Find a blank spot on your taskbar and point to the spot with the mouse cursor. Be sure that you are pointing within the taskbar and not over a button on the taskbar.
2. Click and hold the mouse button while dragging the taskbar to another edge of the screen. As you drag the mouse, an outline of the taskbar moves with the mouse.
3. Release the mouse button to anchor the taskbar at its new position.
Step 3: Review
Drag the taskbar to the edge of the screen that works best for your program. You can place the taskbar at one location for one program and move the taskbar for another program later. You can move the taskbar any time, even after you've started one or more programs. If you share a computer with another user, have your Network Administrator set up a user profile for both of you. When you log on (see Hour 1), your Windows 95 session's taskbar will appear where you last left it no matter where the other user moved the taskbar before you logged on.
The Taskbar Properties Menu
A right mouse button click (or the left button click if you've set up your mouse for left-handed operation) often displays a context-sensitive menu of options available to you. The taskbar is one such location where the right mouse button brings up a helpful menu, called the taskbar properties menu. You can use it to change the appearance and performance of the taskbar and the windows controlled by the taskbar. After finding a blank spot on your taskbar, clicking the right mouse button brings up the context-sensitive taskbar properties menu shown in Figure 3.2.
WARNING: Do not click the right mouse button over one of the taskbar programs unless you want to activate that button's program or window (known as bringing the program into focus).
The taskbar properties menu is not necessarily a menu you'll want to display often. Most users play around with different taskbar and window settings for a while until they find preferences that suit them best. Thereafter, those users may rarely use the taskbar properties menu.
- FIGURE 3.2 A click of the right mouse button on a blank space on the taskbar displays a context-sensitive menu
The menu option Toolbars enables you to customize your toolbar by selecting which items you want to see. Table 3.1 explains each kind of toolbar-based element you can place on the taskbar. Some of Table 3.1's items, such as the Quick Launch toolbar, appear only if you've installed Internet Explorer 4.
TABLE 3.1 ADD THESE TOOLBAR ELEMENTS TO YOUR WINDOWS 95 TASKBAR
|Address||Displays a drop-down list box on your taskbar that you can click to return to recent Web and file locations.|
|Links||Displays popular Web links you can quickly return to with the click of a button. You can modify the list of links.|
|Desktop||Puts a ribbon of icons that match those on your Windows 95 desktop. You can click on one of the icons to start that icon's program or open that icon's window instead of having to return to your desktop to locate the icon.|
|Quick Launch||Adds Internet access control buttons so you can quickly get on the Web. In addition, the Show Desktop icon appears in the Quick Launch section so you can minimize all open windows with a single taskbar click. Other items appear on the taskbar's right-click menu when you activate the Quick Launch taskbar icons.|
|New Toolbar||Lets you select a disk drive, folder, or Web location whose contents appear as a secondary sliding toolbar handle on the taskbar. Subsequently, the taskbar's right-click menu contains that new tool bar. To hide the toolbar again, click the toolbar name on the right-click menu.|
The next three menu options are important when you want to work with more than one open window. These three menu options offer ways of arranging your open windows so they are more manageable. If you open two or more windows at once all those windows can be difficult to manage individually. You could maximize each window and display only one window at a time. There are many reasons, however, to keep more than one window open and displayed at the same time, such as when you want to copy data from one window to another. (Hour 5, "Explore the Windows 95 System," explains how to copy between windows.)
When you want to see more than one open window at a time, the taskbar properties menu gives you tools that provide quick management of those windows so you do not have to size and place each window individually. Figure 3.3 shows how too many windows open at the same time can be confusing. You'll see in the section that follows how to use the taskbar properties menu to straighten up such a mess.
- FIGURE 3.3 Too many open windows can quickly cause disorganization
Task 3.2: Organizing Multiple Windows
Step 1: Description
The taskbar properties menu provides a way to organize several open windows with the click of a mouse. There are three ways to organize the windows: cascade them, vertically tile them, or horizontally tile them.
Step 2: Action
- 1. Click the My Computer icon to open the My Computer window.
2. Click the Recycle Bin icon to open that window as well. Although you might not understand the Recycle Bin until Hour 5, the open window will show the effects of the taskbar's properties menu.
3. Display the Start menu and select the Help option. Shortly, you'll see a help window open up. Again, this window is just to put more on your desktop to work with.
4. Now that you've opened three windows, ask Windows 95 to organize those windows for you. Display the taskbar's properties menu by right-clicking the mouse button after pointing to a blank spot on the taskbar.
5. Select the first menu item labeled Cascade. Windows 95 instantly organizes your windows into the cascaded series of windows shown in Figure 3.4.
- FIGURE 3.4 The windows are now more manageable
- Notice that the title bars of all open windows appear on the desktop area. When you want to bring any of the hidden windows into focus, click that window's title bar, and the window rises to the top of the stack of the screen's windows. The cascading effect always gives you the ability to switch between windows. As long as any part of a hidden window is peeking out from under another, you can bring that hidden window into focus by clicking the mouse button on that hidden window's title bar.
6. Sometimes, you need to see the contents of two or more windows at the same time. Windows 95 lets you tile the open windows so you can see the actual body of each open window. Windows 95 supports two kinds of tiling methods: horizontal tiling and vertical tiling. Display the taskbar's properties menu and select Tile Horizontally. Windows 95 will properly resize each of the five open windows as shown in Figure 3.5.
- FIGURE 3.5 The windows are now tiled horizontally
- In this example, Windows 95 does not show you a lot of any one of the windows. Keep in mind that all the window resizing and moving tools work even after you have tiled windows. Therefore, you can move the Help window toward the top of the screen after tiling the windows, if you want to see more of that window. (Scrollbars automatically appear in tiled windows if the contents of the window consume more space than can be displayed at once.)
NOTE: Figure 3.6 shows a scrollbar on the right window. Scrollbars always appear when an active window contains more information than will fit in the window. Click the scrollbar arrows, or drag the scroll box, to scroll the information up or down in the window.
- 7. The vertical tiling method produces side-by-side windows that are fairly thin but offer yet another kind of open window display. Select Tile Vertically and Windows 95 reformats the screen to look something like Figure 3.6. Now that you've changed the look of your open windows by using the taskbar properties menu, you can revert the windows to their previous state through the taskbar properties menu as well. You can restore the original placement of the windows by selecting Undo Tile.
- FIGURE 3.6 The windows are now tiled vertically
- 8. The Show Desktop taskbar button that appears if you activate your desktop as explained in this lesson's final section minimizes all open windows. Show Desktop is easier than using the Minimize All Windows taskbar properties menu option. Don't minimize the windows now, however, as you'll need them open for the next task.
NOTE:No matter how you tile or cascade the windows, each window's Minimize, Maximize, and Restore buttons all work as usual. Therefore, you can maximize a cascaded window at any time by clicking that window's Maximize button.
Step 3: Review
You can use the taskbar's properties menu to control the appearance of the open windows on your screen. The nice thing about using the taskbar to manage open windows is that you don't have to size and place each window individually. Instead, leave the hard work to Windows 95 when you want to see a tiled or cascaded series of windows at one time.
Working with Taskbar Properties
The taskbar properties menu not only controls the appearance and performance of open windows, the taskbar properties menu also controls the appearance and performance of the taskbar itself. The Properties menu option displays the Taskbar Properties tabbed dialog box shown in Figure 3.7. With the Taskbar Properties dialog box, you can change the way the taskbar appears and performs, and you also can change the contents of the Start menu.
- FIGURE 3.7 You can change the taskbar's appearance and performance by using the Taskbar Properties dialog box
NOTE: In Hour 7, "Manage Your Desktop," you'll learn how to change the contents of the Start menu.
NOTE: Using Dialog Boxes
You can see an example of a tabbed dialog box in Figure 3.7. The pages in a tabbed dialog box are often called property sheets. When Windows 95 displays a tabbed dialog box, it is offering you more than one dialog box at one time. Instead of displaying two or more dialog boxes at once, the tabs save screen space and organize the property sheets inside the dialog box. Windows 95 might put command buttons, option buttons, check marks, text boxes, or other kinds of controls all together inside a dialog box. When you click the dialog box's OK button, Windows 95 closes the dialog box, and your dialog box settings go into effect.
NOTE: In addition to the OK button, some dialog boxes have an Apply button. Generally, these dialog boxes change a Windows 95 setting such as the font size. If you click Apply, Windows 95 puts your dialog box settings into effect but does not close the dialog box. Therefore, you can see the results of your dialog box settings without getting rid of the dialog box.
Task 3.3: Using the Taskbar Properties Dialog Box
Step 1: Description
The Taskbar Properties dialog box accepts from you information that controls the way the taskbar appears on the screen. You can allow (or disallow) windows to overlap the taskbar if those windows are large enough to do so; you can eliminate the clock from the taskbar; and you can even minimize the taskbar so that it does not appear until you need it. (Normally the taskbar appears no matter what else you have displayed on the Windows 95 screen, as you've already seen.)
Step 2: Action
- 1. With the three windows still open on your screen from the previous task, display the taskbar properties menu again by right-clicking the mouse button on the taskbar.
2. Select the Properties command to display the tabbed Taskbar Properties dialog box shown in Figure 3.7.
The first check box option, Always on Top, is usually checked because Windows 95 normally sets the taskbar to be displayed at all times. The taskbar is most helpful when it is on the screen, right? The only problem with the taskbar's being on the screen at all times is that one complete row of the screen is consumed by the taskbar instead of by your own windows. Uncheck the option by clicking over the check mark or anywhere on the words beside it. The graphic inside the dialog box actually changes when you remove the check mark to show a window overlapping the clock in the taskbar.
Click the OK command button to see the results of the unchecked option. (If you clicked the Apply command button, Windows 95 would have changed the taskbar immediately while still displaying the dialog box.)
3. Display the Taskbar Properties dialog box again. Check the Auto Hide option and click the OK button. Where did the taskbar go?
4. The taskbar is now out of sight and out of the way. The taskbar hasn't gone far--point the mouse cursor to the bottom of the screen and the taskbar will reappear. You can now have your taskbar and hide it, too!
TIP: If you display the Taskbar Properties dialog box but decide that you don't want to make any changes after all, click the Cancel command button and Windows 95 will remove the Taskbar Properties dialog box and leave the taskbar unchanged.
- 5. Although only a little of the taskbar is still showing, you can display the Taskbar Properties dialog box again, check the Always on Top option, and uncheck the Auto Hide option.
6. The third check mark option controls how the Start menu's icons are displayed. If you want to save some screen room when you display the Start menu, you can request small icons, and the Start menu will consume less screen space. If you uncheck the last option labeled Show Clock, the clock will go away from the taskbar after you click the OK command button on the dialog box.
NOTE: You'll learn what that speaker icon is at the right of the taskbar in Hour 22, "Multimedia is Really Here."
- 7. Display the Taskbar Properties tabbed dialog box again and set the check mark options to your desired values. Before clicking the OK command button, click the tab labeled Start Menu Programs (at the top of the dialog box). You'll see the second dialog box, which is shown in Figure 3.8.
- FIGURE 3.8 The second dialog box appearing from behind the taskbar options
- The Start Menu Programs page enables you to change the appearance of the Start menu.
The second half of this dialog box controls the contents of the Start menu's Documents command. When you select Start | Documents, Windows 95 displays a list of your most recent data files. All data files are known as documents to Windows. If the list gets too full, erase it by clicking the Clear button.
8. Click the Cancel command button to close the dialog box and return to the regular Windows 95 desktop. Close all windows that are now open by clicking the Close button in each window's upper-right corner.
Step 3: Review
There are several ways to change the taskbar's properties and performances through the taskbar properties menu. The menu appears when you click the right mouse button. The menu contains commands to modify the appearance of all of the following:
- The open windows on the screen
- The taskbar
- The Start menu's commands
Sizing the Taskbar
What happens if you open a number of windows by starting several programs? The single-line taskbar fills up very quickly with buttons, icons, and descriptions that represent those open windows. Figure 3.9 shows such a taskbar. If you're doing a lot of work, the taskbar gets squeezed for space. However, you can solve that problem rather easily.
- FIGURE 3.9 The taskbar needs more room
Just as you can resize a window, you also can resize the taskbar. When you enlarge the taskbar, it can more comfortably hold several buttons for open windows, and the descriptions on those buttons can be longer. Figure 3.10 shows the same taskbar as the one shown in Figure 3.9. This time, the taskbar is larger, and you can better tell by the descriptions on the taskbar buttons what each program is.
- FIGURE 3.10 The taskbar now has more breathing room
Task 3.4: Resizing the Taskbar
Step 1: Description
If you need to expand (or shrink) the taskbar, you can drag the top of the taskbar up the screen until it reaches the middle of the Windows 95 desktop. The taskbar then has more room for more open window buttons and descriptions. Of course, if you've moved the taskbar to one of the other edges of the screen, you'll drag the inward-most edge of the taskbar toward the middle of the screen to increase the size of the taskbar. If you want to shrink the taskbar, you can reverse the dragging until the taskbar is as small as you want it to be.
Step 2: Action
- 1. Move the mouse cursor to the top edge of the taskbar. The cursor changes to a bidirectional resizing arrow that looks like the window resizing cursor shape you learned about in Hour 2, "Tour Windows 95 Now."
2. Drag the taskbar toward the center of the screen. As you drag the taskbar, Windows 95 expands it one taskbar row at a time until you complete the dragging operation.
3. Release the mouse button and you'll see the resulting (and larger) taskbar with more room for descriptions and open window buttons.
4. You can leave the taskbar at its present size or shrink the taskbar back down again by dragging the top edge of the taskbar toward the outer edge of the screen.
TIP: If you drag the top of the taskbar all the way down to the bottom of your screen, the taskbar goes away. It is easier to shrink the taskbar with the mouse than by using the Taskbar Properties dialog box to hide the taskbar. To bring the taskbar into view, move the mouse to the bottom of the screen until the mouse cursor changes to a bidirectional arrow. Drag the arrow up the screen and the taskbar appears.
Step 3: Review
When you need more room for the taskbar, drag the taskbar's edge until the taskbar is the size you need. You can expand or shrink the taskbar by dragging the taskbar's innermost edge with the mouse.
Starting Programs with Start
The Start menu offers an extremely simple way for you to start the programs on your computer. Two or three clicks start virtually any program on your disk drive. The Programs command on the Start menu launches your programs. To start a program, just display the menu that contains that program and then click the program's name or icon.
Task 3.5: Starting Solitaire
Step 1: Description
Microsoft gives you a Windows 95-based version of the Solitaire card game. Solitaire is considered an accessory program. Accessory programs are programs Microsoft included with Windows 95. They fall under several categories, such as multimedia programs, text editors, and games.
Step 2: Action
- 1. Display the Start menu.
2. Select the Programs command. A cascaded menu appears next to the Start menu. Each of these items in the second menu represents either a program or a folder of programs. When you buy a program such as a word processor, the word processor usually comes with more than just a word processor. The word processor might come with several related programs that help you manage the word processor environment. The word processor folder would open to yet another window (you can tell by the presence of an arrow at the right of the word processor's folder) which would then list all the related programs in that folder.
3. Select the Accessories command to display the programs in the Accessories folder. Search down until you see the Games menu. Open the Games to see the Solitaire game (look for an opening pack of cards).
4. Click the Solitaire game to start Solitaire (see Figure 3.11).
- FIGURE 3.11 Get ready to have fun!
NOTE: Your Solitaire screen might differ slightly from the one in the figure because your default card deck might be set to have a different picture backing. To change the deck backing, select Game | Deck, click the backing you prefer, and click OK.
- 5. There's no time to play right now! This hour's closing in quickly. Therefore, terminate the Solitaire program by clicking the Close button (the button with the X, as you learned in Hour 2). Solitaire goes away and you are back to the regular Windows 95 desktop.
Step 3: Review
The Programs command launches any and all programs on your system. Depending on the way your programs are set up and because many Windows 95 programs are stored in folders, you might have to display one or more menus to access individual programs that you want to execute.
NOTE: How did all those programs get on the Start menu? If you upgraded from a previous version of Windows, the Windows 95 installation program automatically updated your programs so they appear on the Start menu. If you didn't upgrade from a previous Windows version, but bought a new PC with Windows 95 or installed Windows 95 on a newly formatted hard drive, your Start menu might not have many items. Only those programs that come with Windows 95 appear. To add other programs on your system, you have to install those programs all over again. When you reinstall the program, Windows 95 adds the program to the Start menu. Hour 9, "Adding Programs to Windows 95," explains how to install new programs.
Explaining the Run Command
In addition to the Start menu's Programs command, you can use another method to start programs that aren't set up on the Programs' cascade of menus. The Run command on the Start menu provides a way for you to execute specific programs. When you select Start | Run, then enter a program or data filename at the prompt, Windows 95 starts that program or loads that data file.
WARNING: Before using the Run command, you must understand the basics of disk drive names (such as C: and D:) and pathnames of files (such as C:\WORD\DEC99). You must also know the exact name of the program you want to run. Most newcomers to Windows 95 stay away from the Run command for good reason; Run requires a fairly comprehensive level of understanding of the underlying program you are trying to start. Many Windows 95 users work inside Windows 95 for years and never need the Run command.
Reaching Your Files
A pathname is the exact computer system location of a file. The document and folder concept in Windows 95 makes working with paths much easier than before Windows 95 came along. Most often, you will specify pathnames visually by clicking folder icons instead of typing long pathnames as you had to do before Windows 95.
The folders in Windows 95 are more technically known as directories, as explained in Hour 2. A directory is just a collection of files (and sometimes other directories). In file listings, Windows 95 often displays a folder icon with a name to represent a directory that holds other files. Directories also can hold subdirectories so the location of a file, the file's path, might be deep within several nested directories on a disk or CD-ROM drive.
A full pathname begins with a disk drive name followed by a colon (:), followed by a backslash (\). If the file resides in the disk drive's top directory (the root directory), you then type the filename. If, however, the file resides in a directory, you must list the directory after the backslash. If the file resides in several nested directories, you must list each directory in order, from the outermost directory to the innermost directory, and separate each directory name with a backslash. For example, both of the following are full pathnames to specific files on my computer:
c:\autoexec.bat d:\Sherry\WordProc\Home\Insure\Fire and Casualty
The first filename is autoexec.bat located in the root directory. The second filename is Fire and Casualty located within a series of nested directories.
Windows 95's icon folder concept makes specifying long pathnames almost obsolete. Aren't you glad? Clicking folders to open them is much easier than typing the long streams of characters that often represent pathnames.
Introduction to Your Active Desktop
Windows 95's Active Desktop not only changes Windows 95's look but also the way you work with Windows 95. Your Windows 95 desktop can display icons, text, and windows, but also more active content. You can display Internet-based documents (written in the special HTML language used for Internet Web pages) on the Windows 95 background.
NOTE: If you are new to the Internet, and especially if you are new to Windows, you might not see the full purpose of the Active Desktop at this time. Before this 24-hour tutorial is over, you'll learn all you need to know to use Windows 95 and the Active Desktop efficiently and effectively.
You can place Internet Web pages on the Windows 95 background's wallpaper. If those Web pages contain the special ActiveX controls that some Web pages contain (ActiveX controls energize Web pages with sound, videos, and interactive features) that active content appears as well. If you've set up special "push" content, your Internet provider brings your requested Internet information directly to your Windows 95 desktop. Hour 16, "Activating Your Desktop," explains more about push content.
NOTE: Even if you're not connected to the Web, you can still benefit from the Active Desktop features such as the single-click icon selection. The Active Desktop is not available to you unless you install Internet Explorer 4 with your Windows 95 system.
If you've used a Web browser before, you might remember that you can select a Web page object (an object's color highlights when you select that object) just by pointing your mouse to the object, such as an icon, and you can open items by clicking over them one time. In pre-Internet Explorer 4-based Windows 95 systems, you have to click once over a Windows item to select (or highlight) it and double-click the item to open that item. You've already learned how to open windows in Hour 2, by double-clicking windows. By providing the same kind of select and open capabilities as the Web provides, your PC moves one more step closer to integrating your desktop with the online world.
TIP: The Active Desktop means that you don't have to start a Web browser and request information, such as current stock prices, to see that data while you work in Windows 95.
Task 3.6: Setting Up Web-Like, Single-Click Mouse Selections
Step 1: Description
Hour 16, explains how to integrate Windows 95 and Internet Explorer 4 to prepare you for the Active Desktop. In the meantime, you might want to convert your Windows 95 desktop to the Web-like desktop that simplifies the way you select desktop items and open windows. This task explains how to change your single- and double-mouse clicks to the Web-browser equivalents.
Step 2: Action
- 1. Select Start | Settings | Folder Options. The first dialog box page, the one with the General tab, contains three options that determine how your desktop items respond to your mouse selections. The Classic style option, the Windows 95 way, requires that you click once to select (highlight) an icon and double-click to open an icon's window. Web style gives you a Web-like selection ability so that the window's contents (as well as your desktop itself) display in a Web-like browser style, complete with a left window pane for descriptions and a right window pane for details. The Custom option activates the Settings button so you can control a combination of Web-like and normal Windows 95 selections.
2. Click the Web-style option and then click OK to close the Options dialog box. Windows 95 asks once more, with a Yes or No dialog box, if you want to convert your icon selections to single-click selections. Answer Yes and your Windows 95 desktop changes immediately; the icons there now have underlined labels. Although your desktop changes immediately, you must make one more change to activate the Web-style icons in open windows.
3. Click once on the My Computer icon to open the My Computer window.
4. Select My Computer window's View menu bar option and then select the As Web Page menu option by placing a check mark next to that option. (Maximize the window to see the full effect.) The My Computer window now changes to the Web-style view to complement your desktop. The window's left pane displays graphical information about objects that you select in the right pane.
Step 3: Review
After you change your window and desktop view to a Web-style view, you can select items by pointing to them with your mouse and open windows by clicking once instead of double-clicking over their icons. Your desktop now more fully mimics the Web. When you integrate Web pages into your Active Desktop, Windows 95 responds more uniformly.
NOTE: You can revert back to the classic view by again selecting a window's View | Folder Options | Classic style menu option.
This hour concentrated on the taskbar. The taskbar gives you a play-by-play status of the open windows on your system. As you open and close windows, the taskbar updates with new buttons to show what's happening at all times. If you start more than one program, you can switch between those programs as easily as you switch between cable TV shows--just click a button on the taskbar. In addition, you can adjust the taskbar to look and behave the way you prefer.
The taskbar works along with the Start menu to start and control the programs running on your system. Use the Programs command on the Start menu to start programs with a total of two or three mouse clicks. Although you can use the Run command to start programs, the Programs command is easier as long as the program is set up properly in Windows 95.
accessory programs Programs that Microsoft includes with Windows 95. They fall under several categories such as multimedia programs, text editors, and games such as Solitaire.
active desktop The Windows 95 desktop, combined with Internet Explorer 4, to make Windows 95 look and behave more like Internet screens.
cascade The effect of neatly stacking all open windows on the screen so that each window's title bar appears.
classic view The default Windows 95 desktop that requires double-clicks to open objects and single-clicks to select objects.
context-sensitive The ability to analyze what you're doing and respond accordingly, perhaps with a pop-up menu that provides commands you can perform.
dialog box A special window in which you can enter information needed by Windows 95.
HTML A special language that formats Internet Web pages.
tabbed dialog box Two or more cascaded dialog boxes appearing on the screen at the same time.
taskbar properties menu The menu that appears when you click the right mouse button over an empty spot on the taskbar. You can control the performance and appearance of the taskbar and Windows 95 through the taskbar properties menu.
Taskbar Properties tabbed dialog box A tabbed dialog box that appears when you select the Properties command on the taskbar properties menu. The Taskbar Properties tabbed dialog box lets you modify the appearance and performance of the taskbar and the Start menu.
tiling The effect of placing all open windows on the screen so that the body of each window appears next to, above, or below, the other windows.
Web-style view When activated using Internet Explorer 4, Windows 95's active desktop takes on an appearance similar to Internet Web pages.
- Q How can I use the taskbar properties menu to change the appearance or performance of the taskbar?
A The taskbar is set by default to appear, no matter what else is on your screen. To maximize the screen space and clear away as much as possible, you can change the taskbar's performance so that onscreen windows cover the taskbar giving you an additional line for the open window. In addition to letting open windows cover the taskbar, you can choose to have Windows 95 hide the taskbar completely, showing you the taskbar only when you point to the bottom of the screen with the mouse cursor. Even if you increase the size of the taskbar you can still hide it from view. The increased size appears when you show the taskbar, but the taskbar is not in the way when hidden.
The taskbar properties menu also controls the size of the Start menu's icons so you can decrease the width of the Start menu if you prefer. You also can eliminate the clock from the taskbar so that the taskbar has room for another window's button. You can add the clock back to the taskbar at a later time, if you like.
Q Help, my taskbar has fallen and I can't get my Start menu up! What did I do and how can I fix it?
A You've changed the options in the Taskbar Properties dialog box to hide the taskbar. The taskbar is not gone for long, however. To see the taskbar again, all you need to do is point to the very bottom of the screen with the mouse, and the taskbar appears once again.
Q I've opened a lot of windows. How can I get more room on my taskbar to see more buttons?
A You can drag the innermost edge of the taskbar to expand the taskbar so that more open window buttons and icons fit within the taskbar comfortably.