Samson Occom, Mohegan: Collected Writings by the Founder of Native American Literature

Samson Occom, Mohegan: Collected Writings by the Founder of Native American Literature

by Samson Occom
     
 

This volume brings together for the first time the known writings of the pioneering Native American religious and political leader, intellectual, and author, Samson Occom (Mohegan; 1723-1792). The largest surviving archive of American Indian writing before Charles Eastman (Santee Sioux; 1858-1939), Occom's writings offer unparalleled views into a Native American

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Overview

This volume brings together for the first time the known writings of the pioneering Native American religious and political leader, intellectual, and author, Samson Occom (Mohegan; 1723-1792). The largest surviving archive of American Indian writing before Charles Eastman (Santee Sioux; 1858-1939), Occom's writings offer unparalleled views into a Native American intellectual and cultural universe in the era of colonialization and the early United States. His letters, sermons, journals, prose, petitions, and hymns—many of them never before published—document the emergence of pantribal political consciousness among the Native peoples of New England as well as Native efforts to adapt Christianity as a tool of decolonialization. Presenting previously unpublished and newly recovered writings, this collection more than doubles available Native American writing from before 1800.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195170832
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
05/01/2004
Edition description:
2ND
Pages:
480
Product dimensions:
9.40(w) x 6.20(h) x 1.40(d)

Table of Contents


A Note on the Texts     xvii
Chronology     xxi
Abbreviations     xxvii
"This Indian World": An Introduction to the Writings of Samson Occom     3
Prose
Temperance Hannabal (February 7 or 9, 1754)     44
Herbs and Roots (1754)     44
Account of the Montauk Indians, on Long Island (1761)     47
Autobiographical Narrative, First Draft (November 28, 1765)     51
Autobiographical Narrative, Second Draft (September 17, 1768)     52
"The most remarkable and Strange State Situation and Appearence of Indian Tribes in this Great Continent" (1783)     58
Letters
To Solomon Williams (November 1, 1752)     64
To "Madam" (1756)     65
To Eleazar Wheelock (November 12, 1756)     65
To Eleazar Wheelock (January 14, 1760)     66
To Eleazar Wheelock (June 24, 1761)     67
To Eleazar Wheelock (September 25, 1761)     68
To Eleazar Wheelock (May 12, 1762)     69
To Mary Fowler Occom (June 1, 1763)     70
To Eleazar Wheelock (February 8, 1764)     70
To Eleazar Wheelock (May 7, 1764)     71
To Eleazar Wheelock (August 22, 1764)     71
To Eleazar Wheelock (August 1764)     72
To Eleazar Wheelock(October 4, 1765)     73
To the Connecticut Board of Correspondents (November 21, 1765)     73
To Eleazar Wheelock (December 6, 1765)     74
To Nathaniel Shaw (December 17, 1765)     75
To Samuell Buell (March 8, 1766)     76
To Mary Fowler Occom (March 11, 1766)     76
To Eleazar Wheelock (May 30, 1766)     77
To Mary Fowler Occom and Esther Poquiantup Fowler (1766)     78
To Mary Fowler Occom (January 21, 1767)     78
To Eleazar Wheelock (February 12, 1767)     79
To Mary Fowler Occom (1767)     80
To Mary Fowler Occom (1767)     80
To Robert Keen (September 1768)     81
To Robert Keen (September 27, 1768)     83
To Eleazar Wheelock (November 12, 1768)     84
To Eleazar Wheelock (December 28, 1768)     84
To Robert Clelland (1768)     85
"They don't want the Indians to go to Heaven with them" (1768)     86
To the Connecticut Board of Correspondents of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge (SPCK) (January 4, 1769)     87
To the Long Island Presbytery (1769)     87
To Nathaniel Champlin (February 23, 1769)     88
To Eleazar Wheelock (March 17, 1769)     89
To Eleazar Wheelock (July 1, 1769)     90
"Your Good Offer" (January 15, 1770)     90
To Eleazar Wheelock (March 6, 1770)     91
"The Flame of Friendship" (June 9, 1770)     92
To Joseph Fish (November 16, 1770)     93
To Benjamin Forfitt (March 4, 1771)     94
To Susannah Wheatley (March 5, 1771)     96
To Eleazar Wheelock (July 24, 1771)     98
To Eleazar Wheelock (July 13, 1772)     100
To Andrew Gifford (October 19, 1772)     101
To Eleazar Wheelock (January 27, 1773)     102
To Samuel Buell (1773)     103
To Rev. John Moorhead (April 10, 1773)     104
To Eleazar Wheelock (June 1, 1773)     105
To Susannah Wheatley (September 21, 1773)     106
To the Officers of the English Trust for Moor's Indian Charity School (November 10, 1773)     107
To Eleazar Wheelock (January 6, 1774)     109
To Eleazar Wheelock (March 14, 1774)     110
To Joseph Johnson (April 14, 1775)     111
To the Oneida Tribe (1775)     111
To John Thornton (1776)     113
To John Thornton (January 1, 1777)     113
To Benjamin Lathrop (January 8, 1778)     115
To Benoni Occom (June 24, 1780)      116
To John Bailey (1783)     118
Recommendation of Eliphalet Lester (1783 or 1784)     120
To John Bailey (1784)     121
To Benjamin Garrett (August 21, 1784)     123
To Solomon Welles (September 26, 1784)     124
To the Trustees of Easthampton, Long Island (1784?)     126
To Samuel Buell (February 1786?)     127
"Is there no redress for the Indians?" (1788?)     128
To the Friends in Philadelphia (February 22, 1788)     128
To John Rodgers (May 12, 1788)     129
To Jedediah Chapman (June 1790)     130
To Benoni Occom (December 1790)     131
To Benoni Occom (January 17, 1791)     131
"Sorrow fills our Hearts" (1791)     132
"Indians must have Teachers of their own Coular or Nation" (November 1791)     133
To the New Stockbridge Community (December 1791)     135
"Steady in Religion" (December 26, 1791)     136
To New York Governor George Clinton (1792)     137
Petitions and Tribal Documents
Mohegan Tribe to Sir William Johnson (1764)     144
Mohegan Tribe against Robert Clelland (April 26, 1764)     145
Mohegan Tribe Standing Agreements (1773)     146
Mohegan Tribe to Colonial Overseer (1774)      147
Mohegan Tribe on Rents (April 28, 1778)     147
Mohegan and Niantic Tribes to the Connecticut Assembly (May 1785)     147
Brotherton Tribe to United States Congress (1785?)     148
Montaukett Tribe to the State of New York (1785?)     150
Shinnecock Tribe to the State of New York (1787 or 1788)     152
Mahican-Stockbridge Tribe to Samson Occom (August 27, 1787)     153
Mahican-Stockbridge and Brotherton Tribes to all Benevolent Gentlemen (November 28-29, 1787)     155
Mohegans to Richard Law (December 5, 1789)     156
Brotherton Tribe to the New York State Assembly (January 1791)     157
Sermons
"Saying what think ye of Christ" (I), Matthew 22:42 (1759)     166
"Awake thou that Sleepest," Ephesians 5:14 (1760)     166
"Turn ye turn from your evil ways," Ezekiel 33:11 (1765)     170
"Fight the good fight of faith," 1 Timothy 6:12 (July 13, 1766)     172
"In Christ, he is a new Creature," 2 Corinthians 5:17 (July 13, 1766)     173
"Saying what think ye of Christ" (II), Matthew 22:42 (1766-1768)     174
A Sermon, Preached at the Execution of Moses Paul, An Indian (1772)     176
"To all the Indians in this Boundless Continent" (1784)     196
"Mene, Mene, Tekel, Upharsin," Daniel 5:25 (1785-1787?)      198
"Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself," Luke 10: 26-27 (May 13, 1787?)     199
"And, behold, I come quickly," Revelation 22:12 (August 19, 1787?)     207
"Whither shall I go from thy spirit?," Psalms 139:7 (n.d.)     209
"I Sat under his Shadow with Great Delight," Canticles 2:3 (n.d.)     210
"Cry aloud, Spare not" (I), Isaiah 58:1 (n.d.)     210
"Cry aloud, Spare not" (II), Isaiah 58:1 (n.d.)     214
"Wo unto him that givest his Neighbour Drink," Habakkuk 2:15 and Isaiah 5:11, 22 (n.d.)     218
"Saying What think ye of Christ" (III), Matthew 22:42 (n.d.)     219
"Giving thanks always for all things unto God," Ephesians 5:20 (n.d.)     220
"Stand fast therefore in Liberty," Galatians 5:1 (n.d.)     223
"When he drowned his Reason" (n.d.)     226
Hymns
Preface to A Choice Collection of Hymns and Sacred Songs (1774)     233
"The Sufferings of Christ," or, "Throughout the Saviour's Life We Trace"     234
"The Slow Traveller," or, "O Happy Souls How Fast You Go"     235
"A Morning Hymn," or, "Now the Shades of Night Are Gone"     235
"A Son's Farewell," or, "I Hear the Gospel's Joyful Sound"     236
"Conversion Song," or, "Wak'd by the Gospel's Joyful Sound"     237
"Come All My Young Companions, Come"     238
Journals
December 6, 1743-November 29, 1748     248
June 21, 1750-February 9, 1751     251
June 28, 1757-September 25, 1760     252
May 30, 1761-July 7, 1761     259
September 15, 1761-October 22, 1761     263
November 21, 1765-July 22, 1766     264
July 8, 1774-August 14, 1774     274
December 22, 1774-February 9, 1775     278
September 13, 1777-September 26, 1777     284
May 8, 1784-April 26, 1785     285
May 1, 1785-October 3, 1785     293
October 4, 1785-December 4, 1785     301
December 5, 1785-December 14, 1785     313
December 15, 1785-January 22, 1786     316
January 23, 1786-April 26, 1786     325
June 26, 1786-December 10, 1786     336
December 11, 1786-April 7, 1787     353
April 6, 1787-July 4, 1787     360
July 5, 1787-September 16, 1787     372
September 20, 1787-December 5, 1787     378
December 11, 1787-August 10, 1788     385
May 11, 1789-October 9, 1789     405
October 13, 1789-January 10, 1790     409
February 21, 1790-March 6, 1790     411
Individuals Named in Occom's Writings     413
Bibliography     427
Index     437

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