Samuel Hartlib and Universal Reformation: Studies in Intellectual Communication

Samuel Hartlib and Universal Reformation: Studies in Intellectual Communication

by Mark Greengrass
     
 

In the intellectual change that took place in the seventeenth century, the role of Samuel Hartlib was of immense significance. As John Milton put it, he was sent 'hither by some good providence from a farre country to be the occasion and the incitement of great good to this Hand'. Hartlib (originally from Elbing) settled in England in the late 1620s and lived there… See more details below

Overview

In the intellectual change that took place in the seventeenth century, the role of Samuel Hartlib was of immense significance. As John Milton put it, he was sent 'hither by some good providence from a farre country to be the occasion and the incitement of great good to this Hand'. Hartlib (originally from Elbing) settled in England in the late 1620s and lived there until his death in 1662. His aspirations formed a distinctive and influential strand in English intellectual life during those revolutionary decades. This volume reflects the variety of the theoretical and practical interests of Hartlib's circle and presents them in their continental context. The editors of the volume are all attached to the Hartlib Papers Project at the University of Sheffield, a major collaborative research effort to exploit the (largely untapped) resources of the surviving Hartlib manuscripts. In an introduction to the volume they explore the background to the Hartlib circle and provide the context in which the essays should be read.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521452526
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
12/28/1994
Pages:
394
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.98(d)

Table of Contents

List of illustrations
Notes on the contributors
Acknowledgements
Textual note and note on dates
List of abbreviations
Introduction1
The search for method27
1Philosophical pedagogy in reformed central Europe between Ramus and Comenius: a survey of the continental background of the 'Three Foreigners'29
2In search of 'The True Logick': methodological eclecticism among the 'Baconian reformers'51
3Comenius and his ideals: escape from the labyrinth75
Millenarianism and the quest for religious unity93
4'The Unchanged Peacemaker'? John Dury and the politics of irenicism in England, 1628-164395
5Hartlib, Dury and the Jews118
6Millenarianism and the new science: the case of Robert Boyle137
Secrecy vs. openness149
7Closed and open languages: Samuel Hartlib's involvement with cryptology and universal languages151
8Language as the product and mediator of knowledge: the concept of J. A. Comenius162
Authorship and ownership175
9Milton among the monopolists: Areopagitica, intellectual property and the Hartlib circle177
10George Starkey and the selling of secrets193
Natural philosophies211
11Benjamin Worsley: engineering for universal reform from the Invisible College to the Navigation Act213
12New light on Benjamin Worsley's natural philosophy236
13'These 2 hundred years not the like published as Gellibrand has done de Magnete': the Hartlib circle and magnetic philosophy247
14Technology transfer and scientific specialization: Johann Wiesel, optician of Augsburg, and the Hartlib circle268
Improvement in Ireland279
15The Hartlib circle and the cult and culture of improvement in Ireland281
16Natural history and historical nature: the project for a natural history of Ireland298
Town and country319
17Hortulan affairs321
18'Another epocha'? Hartlib, John Lanyon and the improvement of London in the 1650s343
Appendix: Copy in a scribal hand of a letter from John Beale, probably to John Evelyn, 30 September 1659357
Index365

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