Samuel Hartlib and Universal Reformation: Studies in Intellectual Communication / Edition 1

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Overview

In the intellectual change that took place in the seventeenth century, the role of Samuel Hartlib was of immense significance. As John Milton put it, he was sent 'hither by some good providence from a farre country to be the occasion and the incitement of great good to this Hand'. Hartlib (originally from Elbing) settled in England in the late 1620s and lived there until his death in 1662. His aspirations formed a distinctive and influential strand in English intellectual life during those revolutionary decades. This volume reflects the variety of the theoretical and practical interests of Hartlib's circle and presents them in their continental context. The editors of the volume are all attached to the Hartlib Papers Project at the University of Sheffield, a major collaborative research effort to exploit the (largely untapped) resources of the surviving Hartlib manuscripts. In an introduction to the volume they explore the background to the Hartlib circle and provide the context in which the essays should be read.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"This is a stimulating book....richly rewarding for those who want to move beyond the university-Westminster axis into the lives and concerns of seventeenth-century British intellectuals, reformers, and visionaries." James B. McSwain, Sixteenth Century Journal

"...those who take the subtitle seriously will find a number of fascinating "studies in intellectual communication." Stanford Lehmberg, Rebaissance Quarterly

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521520119
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 5/16/2002
  • Edition description: First Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 372
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 8.98 (h) x 0.87 (d)

Table of Contents

List of illustrations
Notes on the contributors
Acknowledgements
Textual note and note on dates
List of abbreviations
Introduction 1
The search for method 27
1 Philosophical pedagogy in reformed central Europe between Ramus and Comenius: a survey of the continental background of the 'Three Foreigners' 29
2 In search of 'The True Logick': methodological eclecticism among the 'Baconian reformers' 51
3 Comenius and his ideals: escape from the labyrinth 75
Millenarianism and the quest for religious unity 93
4 'The Unchanged Peacemaker'? John Dury and the politics of irenicism in England, 1628-1643 95
5 Hartlib, Dury and the Jews 118
6 Millenarianism and the new science: the case of Robert Boyle 137
Secrecy vs. openness 149
7 Closed and open languages: Samuel Hartlib's involvement with cryptology and universal languages 151
8 Language as the product and mediator of knowledge: the concept of J. A. Comenius 162
Authorship and ownership 175
9 Milton among the monopolists: Areopagitica, intellectual property and the Hartlib circle 177
10 George Starkey and the selling of secrets 193
Natural philosophies 211
11 Benjamin Worsley: engineering for universal reform from the Invisible College to the Navigation Act 213
12 New light on Benjamin Worsley's natural philosophy 236
13 'These 2 hundred years not the like published as Gellibrand has done de Magnete': the Hartlib circle and magnetic philosophy 247
14 Technology transfer and scientific specialization: Johann Wiesel, optician of Augsburg, and the Hartlib circle 268
Improvement in Ireland 279
15 The Hartlib circle and the cult and culture of improvement in Ireland 281
16 Natural history and historical nature: the project for a natural history of Ireland 298
Town and country 319
17 Hortulan affairs 321
18 'Another epocha'? Hartlib, John Lanyon and the improvement of London in the 1650s 343
Appendix: Copy in a scribal hand of a letter from John Beale, probably to John Evelyn, 30 September 1659 357
Index 365
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