Sanitary City: Urban Infrastructure in America from Colonial Times to the Present

Sanitary City: Urban Infrastructure in America from Colonial Times to the Present

by Martin V. Melosi, Johns Hopkins University Press
     
 

An invisible infrastructure defines a significant portion of the American urban experience, affecting everything from the quality of the water we drink to the frequency of our trash collection to the pressure of the flush in our toilets. In The Sanitary City: Urban Infrastructure in America from Colonial Times to the Present, Martin V. Melosi studies water

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Overview

An invisible infrastructure defines a significant portion of the American urban experience, affecting everything from the quality of the water we drink to the frequency of our trash collection to the pressure of the flush in our toilets. In The Sanitary City: Urban Infrastructure in America from Colonial Times to the Present, Martin V. Melosi studies water supply, wastewater, and solid-waste-disposal systems in U.S. cities from the colonial era to the present day. Along the way, Melosi discusses not only changing technologies and the expanding population but also growing public health awareness and ecological theories. He shows how the social beliefs and scientific understandings that emerged over time influenced how Americans have viewed waste and sanitation in urban life and how they came to accept workable solutions to the problems of sanitation, water delivery, and waste removal.

Ambitious and comprehensive, The Sanitary City incorporates an exhaustive supply of sources, from popular accounts and journalism to scholarly histories in the fields of technology and urban growth to congressional reports and legislative studies. It will appeal to scholars, students, and professionals in environmental history, urban studies, the history of science and technology, public health, and American government.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780801861529
Publisher:
Johns Hopkins University Press
Publication date:
12/01/1999
Series:
Creating the North American Landscape Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
600
Product dimensions:
7.36(w) x 10.29(h) x 1.83(d)

Table of Contents

Prefaceix
Acknowledgmentsxi
Introduction1
Part I.The Age of Miasmas From Colonial Times to 1880
1.Sanitation Practices in Pre-Chadwickian America17
2.Bringing the Serpent's Tail into the Serpent's Mouth Edwin Chadwick and the "Sanitary Idea" in England43
3.The "Sanitary Idea" Crosses the Atlantic58
4.Pure and Plentiful From Protosystems to Modern Waterworks, 1830-188073
5.Subterranean Networks Wastewarter Systems as Works in Progress, 1830-188090
Part II.The Bacteriological Revolution 1880-1945
6.On the Cusp of the New Public Health Bacteriology, Environmental Sanitation, and the Quest for Permanence, 1880-1920103
7.Water Supply as a Municipal Enterprise, 1880-1920117
8.Battles at Both Ends of the Pipe Sewerage Systems and the New Health Paradigm, 1880-1920149
9.The Thired Pillar of Sanitary Services The Rise of Public Refuse Management, 1880-1920175
10.The Great Depression, World War II, and Public Works, 1920-1945205
11.Water Supply as a National Issue The Federal Government, Expansion of Service, and the Threat of Pollution, 1920-1945213
12.Sewerage, Treatment, and the "Broadening Viewpoint," 1920-1945235
13.The "Orphan Child" of Sanitary Engineering Refuse Collection and Disposal, 1920-1945261
Part III.The New Ecology 1945-2000
14.The Challenge of Suburban Sprawl and the "Urban Crisis in the Age of Ecology," 1945-1970283
15.A Time of Unease The "Water Crisis" in an Effluent Society, 1945-1970296
16.Beyond Their Limits Decaying Sewers, Overflows, and Foaming Plants, 1945-1970320
17.Solid Waste as "Third Pollution," 1945-1970338
18.From Earth Day to Infrastructure Crisis Forces Shaping the New Sanitary City355
19.Beyond Broken Pipes and Tired Treatment Plants Water Supply, Wastewater, and Pollution since 1970373
20.Out of State, Out of Mind The Garbage Crisis in America395
Epilogue423
Abbreviations427
Notes429
Bibliographical Essay553
Figure and Photo Credits563
Index567

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