Santa Fe

Santa Fe

by Tim McNeese
     
 
The Spanish settlement of Santa Fe was officially founded by Don Pedro de Peralta in 1610 and is the oldest capital city in the United States. Originally named La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco (The Royal City of the Holy Faith of St. Francis) by Peralta, the colony was established to serve as the capital of the New Spain province of Nuevo Mexico, which

Overview

The Spanish settlement of Santa Fe was officially founded by Don Pedro de Peralta in 1610 and is the oldest capital city in the United States. Originally named La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco (The Royal City of the Holy Faith of St. Francis) by Peralta, the colony was established to serve as the capital of the New Spain province of Nuevo Mexico, which encompassed the present-day states of New Mexico and parts of Arizona, Colorado, Texas, and Utah. Throughout much of the seventeenth century, Santa Fe remained small; its population consisted mostly of soldiers, and Franciscan friars who forcibly converted thousands of the region's Native Americans to Catholicism. In 1680, the Pueblo Indians, who had been subjected to cruel treatment by the Franciscans, drove the Spanish from Nuevo Mexico. In the process they killed approximately 400 Spaniards, including 21 friars. Upon reestablishing control over Nuevo Mexico in 1692, the Spanish continued to use Santa Fe as their governmental, military, and missionary headquarters until Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821.

About the Author:
Tim McNeese is associate professor of history at York College in York, Nebraska

Editorial Reviews

Children's Literature - Judy DaPolito
The history of New Mexico and its capital, Santa Fe, are discussed in this book which opens with a chapter about a 1528 Spanish shipwreck off the coast of Texas. One survivor spent eight years lost in the Southwest. When he was finally rescued and returned to Mexico, he repeated stories Native Americans had told him about the Seven Cities of Gold and the Viceroy sent Francisco Vasquez de Coronado to find them. The story then shifts to Columbus's accidental discovery of the Americas and to the actual treasures of the Aztecs and the Incas discovered by their Spanish conquerors. The middle of the book details the encounters by Coronado and others with the Zunis and other Native American peoples. As in the conquests of the Aztecs and Incas, the Spaniards were able to overcome large populations because of their armor, their weaponry, and the germs they carried against which the native populations had no protection. The last chapters of the book detail the founding and early years of Santa Fe. In 1609, Don Pedro de Peralta, governor of the New Mexico colony, established the city and began construction of the houses of government and the parade ground, while Father Alonso de Peinado took charge of all the missions in New Mexico. When Friar Isidro Ordonez arrived in 1612 to supplant Father Peinado, he insisted that his power superseded the governor's, thus setting up a bitter struggle between church and state. In 1613, the friar put Peralta in prison until a new governor arrived in 1615. A final chapter describes the growth of Santa Fe, the Pueblo revolt of 1680 against the mistreatment of the natives by the Franciscan friars, the community according to the 1790 census, and the city's presentday status. The book is informative, but it would benefit from the addition of more maps than the single one next to the title page. The text is followed by four pages of timeline and chronology, a page of notes, a two-page bibliography, a page with suggestions for further reading, website locations, and an index. The book is part of the "Colonial Settlements in America" series.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780791093320
Publisher:
Chelsea House Publishers
Publication date:
03/28/2007
Series:
Colonial Settlements in America Series
Pages:
120
Product dimensions:
6.70(w) x 9.50(h) x 0.50(d)
Age Range:
10 - 13 Years

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