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About the Test
Who Takes the Test and What Is It Used for?
Students planning to attend college take the SAT World History Subject Test for one of two reasons:
(1) Because it's an admission requirement of the college or university to which they are applying,
(2) To demonstrate proficiency in world history.
Many colleges use the SAT Subject Tests for admission or for course placement. Used in combination with other background information (your high school record, scores from other tests, teacher recommendations, etc.), these tests provide a dependable measure of academic achievement and help predict future performance.
Who Administers the Test?
The SAT World History Subject Test is developed by the College Board and administered by Educational Testing Service (ETS). The testdevelopment process involves the assistance of educators throughout the country, and is designed and implemented to ensure that the content and difficulty level of the test are appropriate.
When Should the SAT World History be Taken?
If you are applying to a college that requires Subject Test scores as part of the admissions process, you should take the SAT World History Subject Test toward the end of your junior year or at the beginning of your senior year. If your scores are being used only for placement purposes, you may be able to take the test later in your senior year. Make sure to contact the colleges to which you are applying for more specific information.
If possible take the SAT World History test soon after completing your course of study in the subject, while the material is still fresh in your mind.
When and Where is the Test Given?
The SAT World History Subject Test is administered six times a year at many locations throughout the country, mostly high schools. The test is given in October, November, December, January, May, and June.
To receive information on upcoming administrations of the exam, consult the publication Taking the SAT Subject Tests, which may be obtained from your guidance counselor or by contacting:
College Board SAT Program
P.O. Box 6200 Princeton, NJ 08541-6200 Phone: (609) 771-7600 Website: www.collegeboard.com
Is there a Registration Fee?
You must pay a registration fee to take the SAT World History test. Consult the publication Taking the SAT Subject Tests for information on the fee structure. Financial assistance may be granted in certain situations. To find out if you qualify and to register for assistance, contact your academic advisor.
How to Use This Book
What Do I Study First?
Remember that the SAT World History Subject Test is designed to test knowledge that has been acquired throughout your education. Therefore, the best way to prepare for the exam is to refresh yourself by thoroughly studying our review material and taking the sample tests provided in this book. They will familiarize you with the types of questions, directions, and format of the SAT World History Subject Test.
To begin your studies, read over the reviews and the suggestions for test-taking, take one of the practice tests to determine your area(s) of weakness, and then restudy the review material, focusing on your specific problem areas. The course review includes the information you need to know for the exam. Make sure to take the remaining practice test to further test yourself and become familiar with the format of the SAT World History Subject Test.
When Should I Start Studying?
It is never too early to start studying for the SAT World History test. The earlier you begin, the more time you will have to sharpen your skills. Do not procrastinate! Cramming is not an effective way to study, since it does not allow you the time needed to learn the test material. The sooner you learn the format of the exam, the more comfortable you will be when you take it.
CONTENT AND Format of the SAT World History TEST
The World History is a one-hour exam consisting of 95 multiple-choice questions. Each question has five possible answer choices, lettered (A) through (E). Topics cover the entire history of the world, from ancient times to the present, including all inhabitable continents.
The following tables summarize the distribution of topics covered on the SAT World History exam:
Chronological Material Covered Approx. Percentage of Questions on the test
Pre-History and Civilizations to 500 c.e. 25
500 to 1500 c.e. 20
1500 - 1900 c.e. 25
Post - 1900 c.e. 20
Geographical Material Covered Approx. Percentage of Questions on the test
Southwest Asia 10
South and Southeast Asia 10
East Asia 10
The Americas (excluding the U.S.) 10
Global or Comparative 25
Scoring the SAT World History
The SAT World History Test, like all other Subject Tests, is scored on a 200-800 scale.
How Do I Score My Practice Test?
Your exam is scored by crediting one point for each correct answer and deducting one-fourth of a point for each incorrect answer. There is no deduction for answers that are omitted. Use the worksheet below to calculate your raw score and to record your scores for the two practice tests in this book.
_____________ - (___________ × 1/4) = ____________
number correct number incorrect Raw Score
(do not include (round to nearest unanswered questions) whole point)
Raw Score Scaled Score
Test 1 ____________ ____________
Test 2 ____________ ____________
Studying for the TEST
It is very important to choose the time and place for studying that works best for you. Some students may set aside a certain number of hours every morning to study, while others may choose to study at night before going to sleep. Other students may study during the day, while waiting on a line, or even while eating lunch. Only you can determine when and where your study time will be most effective. Be consistent and use your time wisely. Work out a study routine and stick to it!
When you take the practice tests, try to make your testing conditions as much like the actual test as possible. Turn your television and radio off, and sit down at a quiet table free from distraction. Make sure to time yourself with a timer.
As you complete each practice test, score your test and thoroughly review the explanations to the questions you answered incorrectly; however, do not review too much at any one time. Concentrate on one problem area at a time by reviewing the questions and explanations, and by studying our review until you are confident you completely understand the material.
Keep track of your scores. By doing so, you will be able to gauge your progress and discover general weaknesses in particular sections. You should carefully study the reviews that cover your areas of difficulty, as this will build your skills in those areas.
Although you may be unfamiliar with standardized tests such as the SAT World History Subject Test, there are many ways to acquaint yourself with this type of examination and help alleviate your test-taking anxieties. Listed below are ways to help you become accustomed to the SAT World History test, some of which may apply to other standardized tests as well.
Become comfortable with the format of the exam. When you are practicing to take the SAT World History Subject Test, simulate the conditions under which you will be taking the actual test. Stay calm and pace yourself. After simulating the test only a couple of times, you will boost your chances of doing well, and you will be able to sit down for the actual exam with much more confidence.
Know the directions for the test. Familiarizing yourself with the directions and format of the exam will not only save you time, but will also ensure that you are familiar enough with the test to avoid nervousness (and the mistakes caused by being nervous).
Do your scratchwork in the margins of the test booklet. You will not be given scrap paper during the exam, and you may not perform scratchwork on your answer sheet. Space is provided in your test booklet to do any necessary work or draw diagrams.
If you are unsure of an answer, guess. However, if you do guess, guess wisely. Use the process of elimination by going through each answer to a question and ruling out as many of the answer choices as possible. By eliminating three answer choices, you give yourself a fifty-fifty chance of answering correctly since there will only be two choices left from which to make your guess.
Mark your answers in the appropriate spaces on the answer sheet. Each numbered row will contain five ovals corresponding to each answer choice for that question. Fill in the circle that corresponds to your answer darkly, completely, and neatly. You can change your answer, but remember to completely erase your old answer. Any stray lines or unnecessary marks may cause the machine to score your answer incorrectly. When you have finished working on a section, you may want to go back and check to make sure your answers correspond to the correct questions. Marking one answer in the wrong space will throw off the rest of your test, whether it is graded by machine or by hand.
You don't have to answer every question. You are not penalized if you do not answer every question. The only penalty you receive is if you answer a question incorrectly. Try to use the guessing strategy, but if you are truly stumped by a question, you do not have to answer it.
Work quickly and steadily. You have a limited amount of time to work on each section, so you need to work quickly and steadily. Avoid focusing on one problem for too long. Taking the practice tests in this book will help you to learn how to budget your time.
Before the Test
Make sure you know where your test center is well in advance of your test day so you do not get lost on the day of the test. On the night before the test, gather together the materials you will need the next day:
o Your admission ticket o Two forms of identification (e.g., driver's license, student identification card, or current alien registration card)
o Two No. 2 pencils with erasers o Directions to the test center o A watch (if you wish) but not one that makes noise, as it may disturb other test-takers
On the day of the test, you should wake up early (it is hoped after a decent night's rest) and have a good breakfast. Dress comfortably, so that you are not distracted by being too hot or too cold while taking the test. Also, plan to arrive at the test center early. This will allow you to collect your thoughts and relax before the test, and will also spare you the stress of being late. If you arrive after the test begins, you will not be admitted and you will not receive a refund.
During the Test
When you arrive at the test center, try to find a seat where you feel you will be comfortable. Follow all the rules and instructions given by the test supervisor. If you do not, you risk being dismissed from the test and having your scores canceled.
Once all the test materials are passed out, the test instructor will give you directions for filling out your answer sheet. Fill this sheet out carefully since this information will appear on your score report.
After the Test
When you have completed the SAT World History Subject Test, you may hand in your test materials and leave. Then, go home and relax!
When Will I Receive My Score Report and What Will It Look Like?
You should receive your score report about five weeks after you take the test. This report will include your scores, percentile ranks, and interpretive information.
Excelling on the SAT World History Subject Test
About This Book
About the Test
How to Use This Book
Content and Format of the SAT World History Test
Studying for the Test
The Prehistoric Era
The Paleolithic Era
The Neolithic Era and the Development of Agriculture
The First Civilization: Mesopotamia
Geography of Ancient Mesopotamia and Cultural Pessimism
The Rise of Empires in Mesopotamia
Egypt: The Gift of the Nile
Geography of Ancient Egypt
Indian Civilization Through the Mauryan Empire
China Through the Han
Geography, Agriculture, the Family, and the Peasant in Ancient China
The Prehistoric Era
The Hundred Schools of Chinese Philosophy
The Trojan War
Archaic Culture: The Olympics
Greek Culture During the Golden Age of Greece
The Golden Age of Greece
The Greek City-States
The Persian Wars
The Age of Pericles
The Peloponnesian War
The Defeat of Athens
Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Era
The Aftermath of the Peloponnesian War
The Hellenistic Empire
The Civilization of Rome
Rome Becomes Master of the Mediterranean
The Age of the Reformers
The First Emperor of Rome: Augustus
Religion in the Roman Empire
The Emperor Constantine: First Christian Emperor of Rome
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire in the West
The Rise of Islam
The Life and Career of Muhammad
The Teachings of Islam
Africa on the Eve of the Age of Exploration
Geography of Africa
Ancient Africa After the Egyptians
Islam in Africa
Other Cultures of Africa
The Americas Before Columbus
The Native American Cultures of Mesoamerica
Native American Cultures of South America: The Inca
Native American Cultures of North America
The Southwestern Native Americans: The Anasazi
Asia from 500 c.e. to 1400 c.e.
Empire of Mahmud Ghazni
The Western Middle Ages
The Historiography of the Medieval Period
The Byzantine Empire During the Early Middle Ages
The Development of the Medieval European Kingdoms
Emergence of the Medieval Monarchies:
France and England in the Central Middle Ages
Germany in the Central Middle Ages
The Central Middle Ages
The Late Middle Ages
The Decline of the Church in the Late Middle Ages
The Hundred Years' War
The Age of Exploration
The Voyages of Exploration
Other Voyages to the Americas
Reasons for the Success of the Spanish Conquest
The Aftermath of Luther's Career
The English Reformation
The Counter Reformation
The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment
Critique of the Bible
Francois Marie Arouet
Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas De Caritat Condorcet
Other Enlightened Thinkers
Colbert and Economic Reform
The Centralized Bureaucracy
Control of the Three Estates
Nec Pluribus Impar: None His Equal
The Rise of Prussia and the House of Hohenzollern
Frederick William, The Great Elector
Frederick William I
Frederick II (The Great)
The Austrian Hapsburgs and the Holy Roman Empire
The Three Crowns of the Holy Roman Empire
Peter the Great and the Westernization of Russia
The Geographical Location of Russia
The Russian Monarchy
The Modernization of Russia
The Stuart Monarchy and the Glorious Revolution in England
The Catholicism of the Stuarts
Absolutist Policies of the Stuarts
The Long Parliament
The English Civil War
Japan from the Warring States Through the Meiji Restoration
The Warring States
Japan and the West
China from the Ming to the Ching Dynasty
The Ming Dynasty
Expansion Under Later Emperors: The Maritime Expeditions of the Yung-Lo Emperor
Artistic and Cultural Accomplishments of the Ming
The Decline of the Ming
The Ching (Qing) Dynasty
The Islamic World from the Ottomans through the Early Twentieth Century
The Ottoman Empire
The British Colonies in the Americas and the American Revolution
The European Colonies in the Americas
French Explorations and Colonization of the Americas
English Colonization of the New World
British Colonial Rule
The Declaration of Independence
The French Revolution
The Revolt Noblesse
The American and French Revolutions Spark Other Movements for Independence
The Haitian Revolution
The Industrial Revolution
The Steam Engine
The Revolutions of 1848
Revolt in Paris and the Abdication of Louis Philippe
The Italian States
The Aftermath of the Revolutions
The Unification of Italy and Germany
America in the Nineteenth Century
European and U.S. Imperialism in the
Joseph Arthur De Gobineau and Herbert Spencer
New Developments in Technology
European Explorations of Africa
The Berlin West Africa Conference
European Imperialism in the Pacific
The United States Emerges as an Imperial Power
The Rise of Japan as an Imperial Power
Imperialism and the Labor Force
Russia in the Early Twentieth Century
The Revolution of 1905
The Revolutions of 1917
The Soviet Union from 1920 to 1927
World War I and Its Aftermath
Early Twentieth-Century Conflicts
Major Treaties that Created the System of Alliances
Global Depression in the Wake of World War I
Asia After World War I
China After World War I
Japan in the Post-War Era
The Rise of Fascism
The Rise of Hitler
The Rise of Mussolini
World War II
Hitler Invades Poland
The Germans Begin the Two-Front War
The War in the Pacific and the U.S. Declaration of War
The Atomic Bomb
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Truman Doctrine
NATO and the Warsaw Pacts
The Korean War
Castro in Cuba
The Vietnam War
Challenges to the Superpowers
Developments in the Post-World War II Era
China After World War II
India After World War II
The Middle East After World War II
The Creation of Israel and the Problem of Palestine
Terrorism on the Rise in 1983 and 1984
Latin America in the Post-World War II Era
Africa After World War II
A New World Order
Emerging Global Trends
The Population Explosion
Impact of Globalism
Practice Test 1
Detailed Explanations of Answers
Practice Test 2
Detailed Explanations of Answers