Satire In Colonial Spanish America

Overview

Satire, the use of criticism cloaked in wit, has been employed since classical times to challenge the established order of society. In colonial Spanish America during the sixteenth through the eighteenth centuries, many writers used satire to resist Spanish-imposed social and literary forms and find an authentic Latin American voice. This study explores the work of eight satirists of the colonial period and shows how their literary innovations had a formative influence on the development of the modern Latin ...

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Overview

Satire, the use of criticism cloaked in wit, has been employed since classical times to challenge the established order of society. In colonial Spanish America during the sixteenth through the eighteenth centuries, many writers used satire to resist Spanish-imposed social and literary forms and find an authentic Latin American voice. This study explores the work of eight satirists of the colonial period and shows how their literary innovations had a formative influence on the development of the modern Latin American novel, essay, and autobiography.

The writers studied here include Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, Juan del Valle y Caviedes, Cristóbal de Llerena, and Eugenio Espejo. Johnson chronicles how they used satire to challenge the "New World as Utopia" myth propagated by Spanish authorities and criticize the Catholic church for its role in fulfilling imperialistic designs. She also shows how their marginalized status as Creoles without the rights and privileges of their Spanish heritage made them effective satirists. From their writings, she asserts, emerges the first self-awareness and national consciousness of Spanish America.

By linking the two great periods of Latin American literarure—the colonial writers and the modern generation—Satire in Colonial Spanish America makes an important contribution to Latin American literature and culture studies. It will also be of interest to all literary scholars who study satire.

"Contemporary theory (Bakhtin, Hutcheon, Todorov) combined with careful and extensive readings of primary and secondary colonial Spanish-American and Spanish works provides historians, literary critics, and students with an important guide and outstanding resource. Johnson's analyses of these texts and her discussion of literary influences illuminate the colonial works examined while also indicating the themes and literary styles that inspire contemporary Spanish-American writers. Very valuable book for specialist, students, and of interest to general reader"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 58.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Examines the work of eight colonial writers who used wit to criticize social and literary forms imposed by the Spanish, many of whom were Creoles and others denied the rights and privileges of their Hispanic heritage. They challenged the myth of the New World as utopia, charged the Catholic church with imperialistic designs, and contributed heavily to the development of an authentic Latin American voice. The excerpts are in both Spanish and English. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780292729803
  • Publisher: University of Texas Press
  • Publication date: 4/15/2011
  • Pages: 224
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.51 (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword
Acknowledgments
Introduction
1 Origins of Satire in the Old World and the New 1
2 The Sixteenth Century: The Conquest and the Years That Followed 23
Cristobal de Llerena 25
Mateo Rosas de Oquendo 32
3 The Seventeenth Century: The Growth of Colonial Society 50
Juan Rodriguez Freile 50
Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz 64
Juan del Valle y Caviedes 86
4 The Eighteenth Century: A Prerevolutionary Setting 107
Alonso Carrio de la Vandera 107
Esteban Terralla y Landa 125
Francisco Javier Eugenio de Santa Cruz y Espejo 139
5 A Reappraisal of Colonial Satire 155
Notes 165
Selected Bibliography 185
Index 197
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