Satlin's Peasants: Resistance and Survival in the Russian Village after Collectivization / Edition 1

Satlin's Peasants: Resistance and Survival in the Russian Village after Collectivization / Edition 1

by Sheila Fitzpatrick
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195104595

ISBN-13: 9780195104592

Pub. Date: 01/28/1996

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Drawing on newly-opened Soviet archives, especially the letters of complaint and petition with which peasants deluged the Soviet authorities in the 1930s, Stalin's Peasants analyzes peasants' strategies of resistance and survival in the new world of the collectivized village.
Stalin's Peasants is a story of struggle between transformationally-minded Communists

Overview

Drawing on newly-opened Soviet archives, especially the letters of complaint and petition with which peasants deluged the Soviet authorities in the 1930s, Stalin's Peasants analyzes peasants' strategies of resistance and survival in the new world of the collectivized village.
Stalin's Peasants is a story of struggle between transformationally-minded Communists and traditionally-minded peasants over the terms of collectivization—a struggle of opposing practices, not a struggle in which either side clearly articulated its position. But it is also a story about the impact of collectivization on the internal social relations and culture of the village, exploring questions of authority and leadership, feuds, denunciations, rumors, and changes in religious observance. For the first time, it is possible to see the real people behind the facade of the "Potemkin village" created by Soviet propagandists. In the Potemkin village, happy peasants clustered around a kolkhoz (collective farm) tractor, praising Stalin and promising to produce more grain as a patriotic duty. In the real Russian village of the 1930s, as we learn from Soviet political police reports, sullen and hungry peasants described collectivization as a "second serfdom," cursed all Communists, and blamed Stalin personally for their plight.
Sheila Fitzpatrick's work is truly a landmark in studies of the Stalinist period—a richly-documented social history told from the traumatic experiences of the long-suffering underclass of peasants. Anyone interested in Soviet and Russian history, peasant studies, or social history will appreciate this major contribution to our understanding of life in Stalin's Russia.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195104592
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
01/28/1996
Edition description:
REISSUE
Pages:
416
Product dimensions:
9.19(w) x 6.13(h) x 1.06(d)
Lexile:
1530L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

Glossary xiii
Chronology xvii
Introduction 3(2)
Resistance Strategies
5(11)
The Potemkin Village
16(2)
Scope of This Study
18(1)
The Village of the 1920s
19(29)
The Setting
19(9)
The Kulak Question
28(5)
Conflict Over Religion
33(4)
On the Eve
37(8)
Rumors of Apocalypse
45(3)
Collectivization
48(32)
Bacchanalia
48(14)
Struggle
62(7)
Famine
69(7)
Repression
76(4)
Exodus
80(23)
Modes of Departure
82(8)
Regulating Departure
90(5)
Under the Passport Regime
95(8)
The Collectivized Village
103(25)
Land
104(7)
Membership
111(6)
A Congress and a Charter
117(11)
A Second Serfdom?
128(24)
Collective and Private Spheres
130(6)
Tractors and Horses
136(3)
Work and Pay
139(9)
Peasant Grievances
148(4)
On the Margins
152(22)
Independents
153(5)
Craftsmen
158(5)
Khutor Dwellers
163(1)
Otkhodniks and Othe Wage Earners
164(10)
Power
174(30)
Rural Officials
177(4)
Men, Women, and Office
181(2)
Leadership Style
183(2)
Kolkhoz Chairmen
185(12)
Impact of the Great Purges
197(7)
Culture
204(29)
Religion
204(10)
Everyday Life
214(4)
Broken Families
218(6)
Education
224(9)
Malice
233(29)
Crime and Violence
234(4)
Shadow of the Kulak
238(8)
Village Feuds
246(8)
Denunciation
254(8)
The Potemkin Village
262(24)
Potemkinism
262(6)
New Soviet Culture
268(4)
Celebrity
272(7)
Elections
279(7)
The Mice and the Cat
286(27)
Stalin in the Conversation of Rumors
287(9)
How the Mice Buried the Cat
296(17)
Afterword 313(8)
On Bibliography and Sources 321(10)
Abbreviations of Frequently Cited Titles 331(4)
Notes 335(40)
Index 375

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