Scaling Force: Dynamic Decision Making Under Threat of Violence

( 1 )


Use too much force and you are going to jail.

Use too little force and you're in for a world of hurt.

Conflict and violence cover a broad range of behaviors, from intimidation to murder, and they require an equally broad range of responses. A kind word will not resolve all situations, nor will wristlocks, punches, or even a gun.

In Scaling Force, the authors introduce you to the full range of options, from ...

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Scaling Force: Dynamic Decision Making Under Threat of Violence

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Use too much force and you are going to jail.

Use too little force and you're in for a world of hurt.

Conflict and violence cover a broad range of behaviors, from intimidation to murder, and they require an equally broad range of responses. A kind word will not resolve all situations, nor will wristlocks, punches, or even a gun.

In Scaling Force, the authors introduce you to the full range of options, from skillfully doing nothing to applying deadly force. They realistically guide you through understanding the limits of each type of force, when specific levels may be appropriate, the circumstances unders which you may have to apply them, and the potential cost, legally and personally, of your decision.

Level 1: Presence. Staving off violence using body language alone.

Level 2: Voice. Verbally de-escalating conflict before physical methods become necessary.

Level 3: Touch. Defusing an impending threat or gaining compliance via touch.

Level 4: Empty-Hand Restraint. Controlling a threat through pain or forcing compliance through leverage.

Level 5: Less-Lethal Force. Incapacitating a threat while minimizing the likelihood of fatality or permanent injury.

Level 6: Lethal Force. Stopping a threat with techniques or implements likely to cause death or grievous bodily harm.

It is vital to enter this scale at the right level, and to articulate why what you did was appropriate. If you do not know how to succeed at all six levels there are situations in which you will have no appropriate options. More often than not, that will end badly.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781594392504
  • Publisher: Ymaa Publication Center
  • Publication date: 10/16/2012
  • Pages: 342
  • Sales rank: 423,179
  • Product dimensions: 6.02 (w) x 9.34 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Rory Miller has served for seventeen years in corrections as an officer and sergeant working maximum security, booking and mental health; leading a tactical team; and teaching subjects ranging from Defensive Tactics and Use of Force to First Aid and Crisis Communications with the Mentally Ill.
Lawrence A. Kane is the author of Surviving Armed Assaults, Martial Arts Instruction, and Blinded by the Night, and co-author of The Way of Kata, The Way to Black Belt, and The Little Black Book of Violence (USA Book News--2009 Best Books Award Finalist; ForeWord Magazine--2010 Book of the Year Award Finalist). A paid book reviewer for ForeWord magazine and Clarion Reviews, he consults with other authors from time to time to help assure realism in their novels, particularly in fight scenes. Lawrence lives in Seattle, WA.
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Table of Contents

Dedication v

Acknowledgments xv

Table of Contents vii

Foreword-Clint Overland xvii

Foreword-Ron Bishop xxiii

Introduction to Scaling Force 1

Prerequisities 7

Introduction to Violence 7

Fighting versus Sport 10

Social Violence 13

The Monkey Dance 15

The Group Monkey Dance 15

The Educational Beat-Down 16

The Status-Seeking Show 16

The Territorial Defense 16

Predatory Violence 17

Resource predators 18

Process predators 18

Situational Awareness 18

The victim interview 23

The 4 D's 24

Weapons awareness 26

Situational awareness during a fight 28

Identifying the threat's "tell" 31

Legal Ramifications of Violence 34

Affirmative Defense 35

I.M.O.P. Principle 36

Intent 36

Means 37

Opportunity 38

Preclusion 38

Reasonable force 39

Disparity of Force 40

Proportional Force 41

The Articulation Drill 42

The Decision to Get Involved 43

Fight to the Goal 44

Dealing with Threats with Altered States of Consciousness 45

Pain Compliance versus Mechanical Compliance 47

Never Quit 48

Account for Adrenaline 50

It's Not a Continuum 54

Level 1 Presence 57

The Lowest Level of Force 58

The Intangibles 61

The Power of Authority 62

Fitness 64

Posture and Stance 66

Appearance and Demeanor 69

Attire 72

Behavior 74

Positioning and Proxemics 76

Display of Force Option 81

Level 1 Conclusion 85

Level 2 Voice 87

Range and Style 88

The Players 90

Rate, Tone, Pitch, and Volume (RTPV) 93

Listening 94

Strategic Verbal De-escalation 99

Changing the Emotion 99

Changing the Social Context 107

Changing the Equation 111

Raising the Stakes 116

Tricks and Tactics-Miscellaneous Stuff 118

Everything works both ways 119

Forced teaming 119

Loan-sharking 119

Co-opting 120

Congruence 120

Incongruence 121

Non-sequiturs 121

Boundaries 121

Ask, Advise, Order, and Check 124

Altered States of Mind 125

Cold Conversation Drill 130

Level 3 Touch 133

Calming Touch 134

Directive Touch 136

Distractive Touch 136

Projecting Touch 137

Interlude-Are you Ready for Level 4? 143

Level 4 Empty-Hand Restraint/Physical Control 147

Joint Locks 148

Gifts 149

Basing 149

Leverage 150

Two-way action 150

Applying joint locks 150

Hinge joints 151

Ball-and-Socket Joints 152

Gliding Joints 153

Fingerlocks 156

Practicing Joint Locks 157

Immobilizations 158

Pushing and Shoving (and Assisting) 161

Push from your strength into his weakness 162

Push with an upward vector 162

Exploit his momentum 163

Pain 163

Hair 166

Pressure Points in General 167

Specific Points 168

Philtrum 168

Mastoid 168

Jaw hinge 169

Lymph nodes 169

Suprasternal notch 169

Intercostals 170

Axillary 170

Inguinal 170

Triceps tendon 170

Inner elbow 171

Inner thigh 171

Side of knee 171

Takedowns 172

Balance 173

Momentum takedowns 174

Leverage takedowns 174

Sweeps 175

True throws 176

Knee pops 179

Lock Takedowns 180

Using Level 4 Techniques at Higher Levels of Force 180

Interlude-The 4/5 Split 183

Level 5 Less-Lethal Force 187

Hitting Hard 189

Stay connected 189

Use your core 190

Accelerate 190

Practice 190

Hand Techniques 191

Foot Techniques 192

Contouring 193

Making it Work When You are Losing 194

Causing Damage 195

Timing 197

Power Generation under Adversity 199

Using a tool 200

Using the environment 201

Using torque 203

Using gravity 203

Using momentum 205

Using aggressive forward pressure 206

Targeting 207

Shock 208

Organ Bruising and Injury 210

Broken Bones 210

Joints and Sprains 211

Foot 212

Ankle 214

Knee 215

Ribs 216

Kidneys 218

Clavide 219

Solar plexus 219

Groin 220

Jaw 222

Nose 224

Ears 226

Eyes 226

Pepper Spray 230

TassersĀ® 232

Level 5 Conclusion 233

Interlude-On Killing 235

Level 6 Lethal Force 239

Mindset 243

Free-for-all drill 245

Find your limits 247

Slaughtering an animal 248

Breaking the Freeze 251

Principles for Survival 252

Be prepared 253

Don't get hit 254

Embrace the pain 255

Watch for weapons 256

Cheat 258

Expect the unexpected 259

Yell for help 261

Manage the aftermath 262

Putting it in Context 263

Targeting 264

Head 265

Throat 267

Upper (cervical) spine 269

Targets we didn't list 270

Defensive Weaponry 273

Accessing a Weapon 275

Impromptu Weapons 277

Drawing a Weapon 279

Using a Weapon 280

Blades 281

Bullets 284

Wounds 285

Firearms 287

Shooting 289

Modifications, quality, and reliability 291

Wrap up 293

Level 6 Conclusion 293

Conclusion 295

Glossary 297

Index 299

Bibliography 307

About the Authors 311

Rory Miller 311

Lawrence Kane 312

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Customer Reviews

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  • Posted October 12, 2012

    Self-Defense is an Affirmative Defense

    Self-Defense is an Affirmative Defense, meaning: when we perform the act of defending ourselves, where we have injured or killed another human being in this act, admitting to “Self-defense,” we are admitting to a crime, and now must prove that we were fully justified in our actions. As Mr. Miller and Mr. Kane explain in the book, that we have done the work for the prosecution, now we must prove we were justified in doing it!”

    This is the principal theme of this book and everything then morphs around this social reality of self-defense in the United States. We don’t have to like this law, nor believe it fair. We only have to accept it, live by its rule, fully comprehend its meaning, and be prepared to engage this fact whenever we do deploy of self-protecting skills that have digressed into countering dangerous physical assault.
    This is a reality so often not understood in the realm of teaching self-defense. Too often, this topic gets overly simplified into terms of practice situational awareness; run, when you can and then use these simple applications with hands and legally carried sidearm when we cannot escape.

    The text dissects the particulars of human violence perpetrated against humans with clarifying exactly what is and what it means for the person who has engaged a threat needing stopped. Rory Miller and Lawrence Kane have managed to demonstrate with case studies, anecdote and science the various levels of threat assessment.

    They clearly explain the concept of I.M.O.P. or Intent, Means, Opportunity and Preclusion as the guiding template for whether or not we need to engage physical applications to keep us safe from harm or death. From here, the book thoroughly breaks down threats into six defining levels: Our very presence on the scene, our verbal skills, our gentle touch as a guide for other to calm down, empty-hand restraints and physical controls to manipulate the person appropriately from doing us harm, and finally the issues of lethal force applications. Each is detailed, leaving no stone unturned and each fully examined.

    This book offers a very solid strategy for not only understanding the specifics of human aggression gone amok, but how various types and levels of human aggression and violence can be properly and legally managed when such are imposed.

    I personally believe that anyone who is interested in learning about the concept of self-protection, and then wanting to fully understand the ramifications of learning and maybe eventually needing to utilize physical self-defense motor skills and weapons leading to resolving imposed force issues, this book is absolutely mandatory.

    Learning and referring back to what is in this book, re-reading it on occasion, to further ingrain its lessons of awareness to weapons’ work, is in my professional opinion, far more important than that top of the line sidearm we just purchased and continue to pay to learn how use it, getting our legal concealed carry license, and far more important than all the fees combined, paid out, for our learning the latest flavor of the month, physical attack-skills. If we do not know what is in this book, and have not made its lessons contained an integrated part of our self-defense skills packet, the others really won’t matter much as we are relying on luck, happenstance and the good fortune of other humans out there, both in the legal system and the penal system. I, for one, find that reliance as a gross lack of preparation.

    2 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
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