Scaling-Up: From Cell to Landscape

Overview

Scaling-up involves a group of techniques currently used mainly in studies of global environmental change, to link information between levels, or scales, within complex biological and physical systems. This has involved research at many levels of organisation within each system. The need to link and intergrate information between scales underlines the scientific approaches described in this book. The theory, practise and challenges of scaling are discussed using examples from ...
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Overview

Scaling-up involves a group of techniques currently used mainly in studies of global environmental change, to link information between levels, or scales, within complex biological and physical systems. This has involved research at many levels of organisation within each system. The need to link and intergrate information between scales underlines the scientific approaches described in this book. The theory, practise and challenges of scaling are discussed using examples from current research.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521187756
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 3/3/2011
  • Series: Society for Experimental Biology Seminar Series , #63
  • Edition description: Reissue
  • Pages: 402
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents

List of contributors
Preface
Scaling-up 1
Tackling large-scale problems by scaling-up 7
Scaling-up and scaling-down: matching research with requirements in land management and policy 17
Scale and spatial dependence 35
Scaling remote sensing models 61
Scaling of PAR absorption, photosynthesis and transpiration from leaves to canopy 79
Scaling from plant to community and from plant to regional flora 105
Variation in stomatal characteristics at the whole-leaf level 129
Roots: measurement, function and dry-matter budgets 151
Scaling and generalisation in land cover mapping from satellite sensors 173
The carbon balance of tropical forests: from the local to the regional scale 201
Issues in the aggregation of surface fluxes from a heterogeneous landscape: from sparse canopies up to the GCM grid scale 229
Variability and scaling: matching methods and phenomena 253
Problems with using models to predict regional crop production 273
Scaling behaviour of watershed processes 295
Observation and simulation of energy budgets at the surface of a prairie grassland 319
SiB2, a model for simulation of biological processes within a climate model 347
Science of scaling: a perspective on future challenges 371
Index 379
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