Schaum's Outline of Physics for Biology and Pre-Med, Biology, and Allied Health Students / Edition 1

Schaum's Outline of Physics for Biology and Pre-Med, Biology, and Allied Health Students / Edition 1

by George Hademenos
     
 

ISBN-10: 0070254745

ISBN-13: 9780070254749

Pub. Date: 12/01/1997

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing

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Confusing Textbooks? Missed Lectures? Not Enough Time?

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780070254749
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
Publication date:
12/01/1997
Series:
Schaum's Outline Series
Pages:
360
Product dimensions:
9.70(w) x 10.90(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 MATHEMATICS FUNDAMENTALS
1(24)
1.1 Functional Analysis
1(3)
Illustrative Example 1.1. Poiseuille's Law and Blood Flow
1(1)
1.1.1 Slope and y Intercept
2(1)
Illustrative Example 1.2. Poiseuille's Law and Blood Flow Revisited
3(1)
1.1.2 Coordinate Systems
3(1)
1.2 Types of Functions
4(10)
1.2.1 Polynomial Functions
4(1)
Illustrative Example 1.3. Applications of Polynomial Functions
5(2)
1.2.2 Power Functions
7(1)
Illustrative Example 1.4. Applications of Power Functions
8(1)
1.2.3 Trigonometric Functions
8(2)
Illustrative Example 1.5. Applications of Trigonometric Functions
10(1)
1.2.4 Exponential Functions
11(1)
Illustrative Example 1.6. Applications of Exponential Functions
11(1)
1.2.5 Logarithmic Functions
12(1)
Illustrative Example 1.7. Applications of Logarithmic Functions
13(1)
1.3 Differential Calculus
14(2)
Illustrative Example 1.8. Particle Motion
15(1)
1.4 Integral Calculus
16(1)
Illustrative Example 1.9. Particle Motion Revisited
16(1)
1.5 Ordinary Differential Equations
17(2)
Illustrative Example 1.10. Growth and Decay Biological Processes
18(1)
Illustrative Example 1.11. Harmonic Oscillator
18(1)
Supplementary Problems
19(6)
Chapter 2 UNITS AND DIMENSIONS
25(8)
2.1 Significant Figures
25(1)
2.2 Scientific Notation
26(1)
2.3 Units and Dimensional Analysis
27(1)
2.4 Conversion Factors
28(2)
2.5 Systems of Units
30(1)
2.6 Problem-Solving Techniques
30(1)
Supplementary Problems
31(2)
Chapter 3 VECTORS
33(23)
3.1 Definitions of Vectors
33(1)
3.2 Resolution of Vectors
34(4)
Illustrative Example 3.1. Vector Representation of DNA
37(1)
3.3 Addition of Vectors
38(3)
3.3.1 Graphical Method of Vector Addition
38(3)
3.3.1.1 Parallelogram Method of Vector Addition
38(1)
3.3.1.2 Polygon Method of Vector Addition
38(3)
3.3.2 Analytic Method of Vector Addition
41(1)
3.4 Subtraction of Vectors
41(2)
3.5 Multiplication of Vectors
43(2)
3.5.1 Multiplication of a Vector by a Scalar
43(1)
3.5.2 Dot Product of Vector Multiplication
43(1)
3.5.3 Cross Product of Vector Multiplication
44(1)
3.6 Physical and Biological Applications of Vectors
45(6)
Illustrative Example 3.2. Particle Motion and Dynamics
45(1)
Illustrative Example 3.3. Skeletal Mechanics
46(1)
Illustrative Example 3.4. Vessel Bifurcation
47(3)
Illustrative Example 3.5. Velocity Profile of Blood Flow
50(1)
Supplementary Problems
51(5)
Chapter 4 PLANAR MOTION
56(17)
4.1 Definitions of Planar Motion
56(2)
Illustrative Example 4.1. X-ray Angiography and Blood Flow Measurement
57(1)
4.2 Types of Planar Motion
58(11)
4.2.1 Linear Motion
58(6)
4.2.2 Projectile Motion
64(1)
Illustrative Example 4.2. Criminal Investigation of a Fall
65(4)
Supplementary Problems
69(4)
Chapter 5 STATICS
73(23)
5.1 Definitions of Statics
73(1)
5.2 Newton's Laws of Motion
74(1)
5.2.1 Newton's First Law: All Mass Contains Inertia
74(1)
Illustrative Example 5.1. Blood Flow
74(1)
5.2.2 Newton's Second Law: XXXF = ma
74(1)
Illustrative Example 5.2. Blood Flow Revisited
74(1)
5.2.3 Newton's Third Law: Law of Action and Reaction
74(1)
Illustrative Example 5.3. Skeletal Mechanics of Standing
74(1)
Illustrative Example 5.4. Locomotion of an Octopus
74(1)
5.3 State of Translational Equilibrium
75(2)
5.4 Friction
77(1)
Illustrative Example 5.5. Osteoarthritis and Friction at Skeletal Joints
77(1)
5.5 Free-Body Diagrams
78(11)
Illustrative Example 5.6. Skeletal Mechanics: Raising the Arm
79(1)
Illustrative Example 5.7. Skeletal Mechanics: The Hip
80(8)
Illustrative Example 5.8. Traction Systems
88(1)
5.6 Center of Gravity
89(1)
5.7 Center of Mass
89(1)
Illustrative Example 5.9. Center of Mass of a Water Molecule
90(1)
5.8 Newton's Universal Law of Gravitation
90(1)
Supplementary Problems
91(5)
Chapter 6 PARTICLE DYNAMICS: WORK, ENERGY, POWER
96(17)
6.1 Definitions of Particle Dynamics
96(8)
6.1.1 Work Done by a Constant Force
96(1)
6.1.2 Work Done by Pressure
97(1)
6.1.3 Word Done by a Variable Force
97(1)
Illustrative Example 6.1. Cardiac Stress and Treadmill Exercise
98(1)
Illustrative Example 6.2. Work Done by Normal and Diseased Hearts
99(3)
Illustrative Example 6.3. Work Done by Breathing
102(1)
Illustrative Example 6.4. Hooke's Law and the Work of a Spring
102(1)
6.1.4 Power
103(1)
Illustrative Example 6.5. Power Output of the Heart
104(1)
6.2 Mechanical Efficiency
104(1)
Illustrative Example 6.6. Mechanical Efficiency of the Heart
104(1)
6.3 Energy of a Particle: Kinetic and Potential
105(4)
Illustrative Example 6.7. Dynamics of Bumblebee Flight
105(2)
Illustrative Example 6.8. Conversion of Potential Energy to Kinetic Energy during a Fall
107(2)
Supplementary Problems
109(4)
Chapter 7 MOMENTUM AND IMPULSE
113(12)
7.1 Definitions of Momentum and Impulse
113(3)
Illustrative Example 7.1. Impulsive Force and Injury due to a Fall
113(3)
7.2 Conservation of Linear Momentum
116(6)
7.2.1 Elastic Collisions
117(1)
7.2.2 Inelastic Collisions
117(5)
Supplementary Problems
122(3)
Chapter 8 ROTATIONAL MOTION
125(14)
8.1 Definitions of Rotational Motion
125(11)
Illustrative Example 8.1. Blood Flow in Curved and Tortuous Vessels
128(1)
Illustrative Example 8.2. Ultracentrifuge
129(7)
Supplementary Problems
136(3)
Chapter 9 ROTATIONAL DYNAMICS
139(20)
9.1 Definitions of Rotational Dynamics
139(4)
9.2 Parallel-Axis Theorem
143(1)
9.3 Rotational Equilibrium
143(1)
9.4 Rotational Dynamics
144(1)
9.5 Conservation of Angular Momentum
144(1)
9.6 Newton's Laws of Rotational Motion
145(11)
Illustrative Example 9.1. Skeletal Mechanics of the Joint: Elbow
151(2)
Illustrative Example 9.2. Skeletal Mechanics of the Joint: Hip
153(1)
Illustrative Example 9.3. Skeletal Mechanics of the Joint: Ankle
154(2)
Supplementary Problems
156(3)
Chapter 10 OSCILLATORY MOTION
159(15)
10.1 Definitions of Oscillatory Motion
159(1)
10.2 Physical Characteristics of Simple Harmonic Motion
159(5)
Illustrative Example 10.1. Blood Flow Waveforms
160(1)
Illustrative Example 10.2. Electrocardiogram
161(3)
10.3 Dynamics of a Spring
164(2)
10.3.1 Potential Energy of a Spring
164(1)
10.3.2 Kinetic Energy of a Spring
165(1)
10.3.3 Total Mechanical Energy of a Spring
165(1)
10.4 Pendulum Motion
166(5)
10.4.1 Simple Pendulum
166(1)
10.4.2 Conical Pendulum
167(1)
10.4.3 Physical Pendulum
168(1)
Illustrative Example 10.3. Physical Pendulum and the Process of Walking
169(1)
10.4.4 Torsional Pendulum
170(1)
Supplementary Problems
171(3)
Chapter 11 ELASTICITY
174(12)
11.1 Definitions of Elasticity
174(6)
Illustrative Example 11.1. Elastic Properties of Blood Vessels
179(1)
Illustrative Example 11.2. Stresses of the Leg during Movement
179(1)
Illustrative Example 11.3. Bone Fracture from a Fall
180(1)
11.2 Elastic Limit
180(1)
11.3 Laplace's Law
181(2)
Illustrative Example 11.4. Application of Laplace's Law for an Elastic Cylinder: Forces Acting within a Blood Vessel
181(1)
Illustrative Example 11.5. Application of Laplace's Law for an Elastic Sphere: Forces Acting within a Brain Aneurysm
182(1)
Supplementary Problems
183(3)
CHAPTER 12 FLUID STATICS
186(12)
12.1 Definitions of Fluid Statics
186(5)
Illustrative Example 12.1. Physical Properties of Human Blood
189(1)
Illustrative Example 12.2. Pressure in the Eye and Glaucoma
189(1)
Illustrative Example 12.3. Pressure and Infection
189(1)
Illustrative Example 12.4. Intravenous Delivery
189(1)
Illustrative Example 12.5. Blood Pressure in Human Circulation
190(1)
Illustrative Example 12.6. The Sphygmomanometer and Blood Pressure Measurement
191(1)
12.2 Surface Tension
191(1)
12.3 Capillary Action
191(1)
Illustrative Example 12.7. Lung Surfactant and Respiratory Distress Syndrome
192(1)
12.4 Pascal's Principle
192(1)
12.5 Archimedes' Principle
193(1)
Supplementary Problems
194(4)
CHAPTER 13 FLUID DYNAMICS
198(11)
13.1 Definitions of Fluid Dynamics
198(3)
Illustrative Example 13.1. Water Transport in Plants
200(1)
13.2 Equation of Continuity
201(1)
Illustrative Example 13.2. Blood Flow in a Tapering Blood Vessel
202(1)
Illustrative Example 13.3. Blood Flow in a Vessel Bifurcation
202(1)
13.3 Bernoulli's Principle
202(2)
Illustrative Example 13.4. Bernoulli's Principle and Vessel Disease
204(1)
13.4 Torricelli's Theorem
204(2)
Supplementary Problems
206(3)
CHAPTER 14 THERMAL PHYSICS
209(12)
14.1 Definitions of Thermal Physics
209(4)
Illustrative Example 14.1. Hypothermia: Human Response to Cold Temperatures
213(1)
14.2 Heat
213(2)
14.3 Mechanisms of Heat Transfer
215(1)
Illustrative Example 14.2. Heat Stroke
216(1)
14.4 Thermodynamics
216(1)
Supplementary Problems
217(4)
CHAPTER 15 WAVES AND SOUND
221(16)
15.1 Definitions of Waves and Sound
221(5)
15.2 Standing Waves
226(1)
15.3 Resonance
226(2)
15.4 Principle of Superposition
228(1)
15.5 Sound
229(1)
15.6 Doppler Effect
230(3)
Illustrative Example 15.1. Dolphins and Echolocation
232(1)
Illustrative Example 15.2. Ultrasound and Assessment of Stroke Risk
232(1)
Supplementary Problems
233(4)
CHAPTER 16 ELECTRICITY
237(13)
16.1 Definitions of Electricity
237(10)
Illustrative Example 16.1. Electric Signal Transmission through Nerves
245(2)
Illustrative Example 16.2. Electrical Origin of the Heartbeat
247(1)
Illustrative Example 16.3. Electrical Potential of Cellular Membranes
247(1)
Supplementary Problems
247(3)
CHAPTER 17 DIRECT-CURRENT CIRCUITS
250(17)
17.1 Definitions of DC Circuits
250(10)
Illustrative Example 17.1. Electrical Analogs and Blood Flow
258(1)
Illustrative Example 17.2. Electric Shock and the Human Body
259(1)
17.2 Kirchhoff's Laws of Circuit Analysis
260(3)
Illustrative Example 17.3. Arteriovenous Fistula: Short Circuit of the Human Circulation
262(1)
Supplementary Problems
263(4)
CHAPTER 18 MAGNETISM
267(15)
18.1 Definitions of Magnetism
267(5)
Illustrative Example 18.1. Mass Spectrometry and Quantitation of Ionic Mass
270(1)
Illustrative Example 18.2. Magnetic Resonance Imaging
271(1)
18.2 Magnetic Induction
272(3)
18.3 Induced EMF
275(1)
18.4 Lenz's Law
276(1)
Illustrative Example 18.3. Electromagnetic Flowmeters and Blood Flow Measurements
276(1)
18.5 Self-induced EMF
277(1)
Supplementary Problems
278(4)
CHAPTER 19 ALTERNATING-CURRENT CIRCUITS
282(10)
19.1 Definitions of AC Circuits
282(1)
19.2 Ohm's Law
283(2)
19.3 Power Dissipated in an AC Circuit
285(1)
19.4 Resonance in an AC Circuit
285(3)
19.5 Transformer
288(2)
Illustrative Example 19.1. Electrical Analogs and Blood Flow Revisited
289(1)
Supplementary Problems
290(2)
CHAPTER 20 LIGHT
292(9)
20.1 Definitions of Light
292(1)
Illustrative Example 20.1. Marine Organisms and Bioluminescence
293(1)
20.2 Reflection and Refraction of Light
293(3)
20.3 Total Internal Reflection
296(2)
Illustrative Example 20.2. Endoscopy: Imaging inside the Body
297(1)
Supplementary Problems
298(3)
CHAPTER 21 GEOMETRIC OPTICS
301(15)
21.1 Definitions of Geometric Optics
301(1)
21.2 Mirrors
302(4)
21.3 Thin Lenses
306(8)
Illustrative Example 21.1. The Physics of Vision and Common Visual Defects: Myopia and Hyperopia
310(1)
Illustrative Example 21.2. Radial Keratotomy
311(1)
Illustrative Example 21.3. Compound Microscope
312(2)
Supplementary Problems
314(2)
CHAPTER 22 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIOACTIVITY
316(9)
22.1 Definitions of Nuclear Physics and Radioactivity
316(1)
22.2 Isotopes
317(1)
22.3 Quantum Theory of Radiation
318(1)
22.4 Radioactivity
318(3)
22.5 Types of Radioactive Decay
321(1)
Illustrative Example 22.1. Nuclear Medicine and Radioactive Tracers
321(1)
Illustrative Example 22.2. Radiotherapy of Tumors
322(1)
Supplementary Problems
322(3)
INDEX 325

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