School Governance

Overview

Education of America’s school children always has been and always will be a hot-button issue. From what should be taught to how to pay for education to how to keep kids safe in schools, impassioned debates emerge and mushroom, both within the scholarly community and among the general public. This volume in the point/counterpoint Debating Issues in American Education reference series tackles the topic of school governance. Fifteen to twenty chapters explore such varied issues as decentralization, federal roles in ...

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Overview

Education of America’s school children always has been and always will be a hot-button issue. From what should be taught to how to pay for education to how to keep kids safe in schools, impassioned debates emerge and mushroom, both within the scholarly community and among the general public. This volume in the point/counterpoint Debating Issues in American Education reference series tackles the topic of school governance. Fifteen to twenty chapters explore such varied issues as decentralization, federal roles in standards and assessment, parent involvement, top-down vs. bottom-up decision making, and more. Each chapter opens with an introductory essay by the volume editor, followed by point/counterpoint articles written and signed by invited experts, and concludes with Further Readings and Resources, thus providing readers with views on multiple sides of governance issues and pointing them toward more in-depth resources for further exploration.

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Richard C. Hunter is a professor of educational administration and former head of the Educational Organization and Leadership Department at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He holds an Ed D in policy, planning, and administration from the University of California at Berkeley and was professor and chair of the Educational Leadership Program at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He has worked as a teacher, a principal, and an assistant and associate superintendent in the public schools of Berkeley, California; U.S. Air Force Schools in Tokyo, Japan; Richmond, California; and Seattle, Washington. He also was the district superintendent of the public schools of Richmond, Virginia; Dayton, Ohio; and Baltimore, Maryland. He was an associate director for education for the U.S. Department of Defense Education Activity in Arlington, Virginia. He was given a Fulbright Scholar Program Award from the U.S. Department of State and is currently serving as a lecturer at the Bahrain Teachers College of the University of Bahrain.

Frank Brown is the Cary C. Boshamer Distinguished Professor of Educational Leadership and Dean Emeritus, School of Education, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Brown holds a Ph D from the University of California at Berkeley and has held several academic and administrative positions: lecturer in education and acting director of mathematics and science education, University of California at Berkeley; associate director, New York State Commission on the Quality, Cost and Financing of Elementary and Secondary Education; assistant professor and director of University’s Urban Institute, City College of New York; professor of educational administration and Ph D program in public policy and director of the Cora P. Maloney College, State University of New York at Buffalo; and visiting scholar, Graduate School of Education, University of California at Berkeley. He has authored more than 300 publications and is listed in and Who’s Who in America and Who’s Who in Black America.

Saran Donahoo is an associate professor in the Department of Educational Administration and Higher Education and the director of the College Student Personnel Program at Southern Illinois University Carbondale. She earned both her Ph D and her MA at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. She completed her BA in secondary education at the University of Arizona. Her published works include coediting Teaching Leaders to Lead Teachers: Educational Administration in the Era of Constant Crisis and articles in Teachers College Record, Equity & Excellence in Education, Christian Higher Education, Urban Education, and Education and Urban Society, as well as an array of book chapters. She also serves as associate editor for Media Reviews for the Journal of Student Affairs Research & Practice. In 2009, she received both the Joyce Cain Award for Distinguished Research on African Descendants from the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES) and the American Educational Research Association (AERA) Division J Outstanding Publication Award.

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Table of Contents

About the Editors-in-Chief ix

About the Volume Editors xi

About the Contributors xiii

Introduction xvii

1 Should School Governance Be Shifted From Local School Boards to the Additional and Direct Control of Elected Political Leaders? 1

Overview Saran Donahoo 1

Point José R. Llanes 5

Counterpoint Richard C. Hunter 12

2 Do Teachers' and Other Employees' Unions Reduce the Ability of Principals and Superintendents to Run and Reform Schools? 22

Overview Richard C. Hunter 22

Point Patrick M. Jenlink 25

Counterpoint Lisa G. Driscoll 32

3 Has the Increased Role of the Federal Government in the Governance of Schools Through Various Initiatives, Such as No Child Left Behind, Improved Public Education? 40

Overview Saran Donahoo 40

Point Malila N. Robinson 43

Counterpoint Jason LaFrance Cindi Chance 49

4 Should the Role of the Judicial Branch of Government Be Reduced in the Governance of Public Education? 58

Overview Saran Donahoo 58

Point Philip T. K. Daniel 61

Counterpoint Sonya Douglass Horsford 67

5 Should School Leaders Have the Primary Responsibility for Lowering the Achievement Gap for Minority Students? 75

Overview Richard C. Hunter 75

Point Kristina A. Hesbol 78

Counterpoint Wayne D. Lewis 85

6 Are School Administrators Being Prepared to Adequately Address Gender Issues? 93

Overview Frank Brown 93

Point Jacqueline E. Jacobs 97

Counterpoint Ellen Wexler Eckman 103

7 Are School Boards Necessary in Today's Public Schools? 111

Overview Frank Brown 111

Point Meredith Mountford 114

Counterpoint Rayma Lea Harchar 121

8 Do Charter Schools Improve Governance Within the Public Education System? 130

Overview Saran Donahoo 130

Point James R. Crawford 133

Counterpoint Sandra Vergari 140

9 Will Giving School Administrators More Control Over the Structure and Policies That Govern High Schools Lead to Improvements in the Education Offered to Students? 148

Overview Saran Donahoo 148

Point Liz Hollingworth 151

Counterpoint Ted Purinton 156

10 Have Allowing and Encouraging Private Corporations to Participate in Public Education Positively Affected School Governance? 165

Overview Saran Donahoo 165

Point Donald J. Peurach 169

Counterpoint Janelle Scott 177

11 Has the Increased Emphasis on Parent Involvement Hindered the Ability of Administrators to Lead Public Schools and Districts? 187

Overview Saran Donahoo 187

Point Larry Lee Dlugosh 190

Counterpoint Lewis Madhlangobe 197

12 Will an Increased Focus on the Market Economy and Global Competition in K-12 Public Education Prepare Students to Succeed Economically? 208

Overview Frank Brown 208

Point Kevin Hollenbeck 212

Counterpoint Casey E. George-Jackson 216

13 Will Declining Faith in Public Education Lead to the Appointment of More School Leaders Who Lack a Professional Educational Background? 225

Overview Frank Brown 225

Point Sharon Ashton Wilbur 229

Counterpoint Shellie Gammill 235

14 Should the K-12 School Organizational Structure for Public Education in the United States Be Dramatically Altered? 245

Overview Saran Donahoo 245

Point Dawn G. Williams 248

Counterpoint Thomas Alsbury 255

Index 264

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