Science and Corporate Strategy: Du Pont R and D, 1902-1980by David A. Hounshell, John Kenly Smith Jr, John Kenly Smith
Pub. Date: 11/02/2006
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Based on voluminous corporate records and extensive interviews with key employees, Science and Corporate Strategy: Du Pont R and D, 1902–1980 provides a comprehensive, critical study of research and development in a large US corporation. Du Pont was among a handful of US corporations that established formal research and development laboratories at the… See more details below
Based on voluminous corporate records and extensive interviews with key employees, Science and Corporate Strategy: Du Pont R and D, 1902–1980 provides a comprehensive, critical study of research and development in a large US corporation. Du Pont was among a handful of US corporations that established formal research and development laboratories at the turn of the century to improve competitive positions in their respective industries. Initially, Du Pont's executives viewed R&D as an important though not central part of the corporations strategy. However the gains made by the company's laboratories soon demonstrated that R&D would be a critical ingredient in the firm's success. The industrial research and development laboratory became a major part of corporate structure; science became a central part of corporate strategy.
- Cambridge University Press
- Publication date:
- Studies in Economic History and Policy: USA in the Twentieth Century Series
- Product dimensions:
- 5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 1.54(d)
Table of Contents
List of illustrations; List of tables; Editors' preface; Authors' preface; Introduction; Part I. The Experimental Era: 1902–1921: 1. Organizing for research and development, 1902–1911; 2. Reorganizing and diversification; 3. World War I and the venture into dyestuffs; 4. Decentralization; Part II. Creating a Chemical Empire: 5. Rebuilding a central research organization; 6. Research to the rescue: Du Pont finishes; 7. Research efficiency: the organic chemicals department; 8. New fibers and films for a new era: the rayon department; 9. From nitrates to nylon: the ammonia department; 10. Du Pont R&D in the international sphere; 11. Development power: the case of titanium dioxide pigments; Part III. 'Better Things for Better Living through Chemistry': 12. The 'radical departure': Charles Stine's fundamental research program; 13. The 'D' of R&D: the development of neoprene and nylon; 14. Developing a discipline: chemical engineering research at Du Pont; 15. The conduct of research; Part IV. Chemistry Enshrined: 16. The war years and postwar expansion of research; 17. The persuit of science at Du Pont; 18. Making a revolution: Du Pont and synthetic fibers; 19. New directions in fibers R&D; 20. Biological chemicals; 21. Keeping ahead of the competition: Du Pont plastics; Part V. Challenge and Response: 22. The new venture era; 23. Successful diversification: the photo products department; 24. Toxicological and environmental research; 25. Redirecting R&D: the 1970s; Reprise: science and corporate strategy at Du Pont; Appendixes; Notes; Essay on sources; Index.
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