Science and Society in the Twentieth Century

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Overview

From the development of radio to the cloning of Dolly the sheep, science influenced many of the most important events of the twentieth century. Understanding the science is essential to understanding this history—but where to get started? This handy reference source provides students, parents, and teachers with the tools needed to understand how the concepts and principles from biology, chemistry, physics, and earth science affected social, cultural, and political events of the last one hundred years. Ideal for students preparing research papers in either science or social studies classes, this resource will also assist teachers integrate science and social studies topics into the school curriculum.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780313322143
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 10/30/2004
  • Pages: 344
  • Product dimensions: 6.96 (w) x 10.34 (h) x 1.08 (d)

Meet the Author

WENDY R. SHERMAN is Assistant Professor in the College of Education at Kent State University. She has written and presented on Science, Technology, and Society teaching strategies for the ERIC Clearinghouse for Science, Mathematics and Environmental Education and the National Science Teachers Association.

TRISH YOURST KOONTZ is Professor in the Department of Teaching, Leadership and Curriculum Studies at Kent State University. She is the co-author of the science methods book Teaching Science to Children: An Inquiry Approach. Dr. Koontz is active in education reform efforts in the state of Ohio and helps coordinate the Northeast Ohio Center of Excellence in math and science education.

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Table of Contents

Preface xv
Acknowledgments xvii
Introduction xix
Chapter 1 The Dawn of a New Century 1
Societal Context: Unrest at the Turn of the Century 1
Architecture & Engineering 3
Air-conditioning Improves Our Lives 3
Steel and Construction of the Skyscraper 5
Arts & Entertainment 7
Caruso's Gramophone Recording 7
Communication 9
First Radio Transmission Across the Atlantic 9
Defense & Diplomacy 12
Second International Peace Conference of 1907 (Second Hague Conference) 12
Environment 13
Oil Exploration 13
Food & Agriculture 15
Upton Sinclair's The Jungle 15
Medicine & Health 18
The Royal Disease 18
Transportation 20
Wright Brothers' Flight 20
Model T Ford 23
Human Knowledge 25
Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalysis 26
North Pole Exploration 28
Chapter 2 The Teens 31
Societal Context: Equality, Justice, and War 31
Architecture & Engineering 33
Panama Canal Opens 33
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire 36
Arts & Entertainment 38
Edison's Talking Movies 38
Communication 41
Hello, San Francisco? It's New York Calling 41
Defense & Diplomacy 44
A New Poison 44
Environment 46
National Park Service Founded 46
Food & Agriculture 48
The Prohibition Movement 48
Medicine & Health 51
The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919 51
Transportation 55
The Titanic Sinks 55
Human Knowledge 57
The Quantum Atomic Model Is Born 58
Wegener Proposes the Theory of Continental Drift 60
Chapter 3 The Twenties 63
Societal Context: The Roarding Twenties 63
Architecture & Engineering 65
Holland Tunnel Constructed 65
Arts & Entertainment 67
Golden Age of Amusement Parks 67
Communication 70
The Birth of Television 70
Environment 72
The Battle of Blair Mountain 72
Food & Agriculture 76
Mechanical Food Preservation 76
Medicine & Health 78
The Power of Penicillin 78
Transportation 81
Traffic Lights Patented 81
Antifreeze Keeps Motorists Moving 83
Human Knowledge 85
The Tomb of King Tutankhamen 86
Mead Pens Coming of Age in Samoa 88
Big Bang Theory 90
Chapter 4 The Thirties 93
Societal Context: The Great Depression and Government Control 93
Architecture & Engineering 94
The Tennessee Valley Authority Formed 94
Hoover Dam Constructed 95
Arts & Entertainment 97
The "Golden Era" of Radio 97
Electric Guitars Appear on the Musical Scene 99
Communication 101
Signals from Space 101
Defense & Diplomacy 103
Jet Engine Developed 103
Radar Technology Put in Place 104
Environment 106
Concerns over Air Pollution 106
Food & Agriculture 108
The Dust Bowl 108
Medicine & Health 110
Electron Microscope Invented 110
The Eugenics Program 113
Transportation 116
The Hindenburg Crashes 116
Human Knowledge 119
Dobzhansky's Theories of Biology 119
Exploring the Subatomic 120
Chapter 5 The Forties 123
Societal Context: Devastation of Global War 123
Architecture & Engineering 124
Tacoma Narrows Bridge Disaster 124
Arts & Entertainment 128
Fire at the Cocoanut Grove Nightclub 128
Communication 130
Transistors Change the World of Communications 130
Defense & Diplomacy 134
The Manhattan Project 134
Environment 139
Rubber Shortages 139
Food & Agriculture 142
The Green Revolution 142
Medicine & Health 145
The Kinsey Report 145
Dr. Spock's Baby Book 148
Transportation 150
Scuba Gear Opens the Oceans to Amateurs 150
Human Knowledge 154
DNA as Life's Blueprint 154
Chapter 6 The Fifties 157
Societal Context: The Family and Progress 157
Architecture & Engineering 158
St. Lawrence Seaway Constructed 158
Arts & Entertainment 161
Rock-and-Roll Music Moves America's Teenagers 161
Communication 163
Sputnik Changes the Game 163
Defense & Diplomacy 166
Nuclear-powered Submarine Cruises the Depths 166
Environment 169
Bikini Atoll Falls Prey to Nuclear Testing 169
Food & Agriculture 172
The Birth of Fast Food 172
Medicine & Health 176
Polio Vaccine Brings Relief 176
Transportation 180
Highways to Cross the Country 180
Human Knowledge 183
Double Helix Unraveled 184
Chapter 7 The Sixties 189
Societal Context: Pushing the Boundaries of Society 189
Architecture & Engineering 191
Versatile Laser Technology 191
Arts & Entertainment 195
"Beam Me Up, Scotty" 195
Communication 199
Integrated Circuits 199
Defense & Diplomacy 201
Helicopters in Vietnam 201
Environment 204
Alaskan Oil Discovered and Tapped 204
Food & Agriculture 207
Pesticide Use and Silent Spring 207
Medicine & Health 209
Birth Control Pill Approved for Use 209
Transportation 213
Moon Landing 213
Human Knowledge 217
A Mechanism for Continental Drift 217
Chapter 8 The Seventies 221
Societal Context: Crisis Management 221
Architecture & Engineering 223
An Idea for Sustainable Development in California 223
Arts & Entertainment 226
Star Wars and Cinematic Special Effects 226
Communication 228
Microprocessors Invented 228
Defense & Diplomacy 232
Agent Orange Banned in Vietnam 232
Environment 235
Recycling Movement Gains Momentum 235
Food & Agriculture 238
The Controversy over Saccharin 238
Medicine & Health 240
"Test Tube Baby" Is Born 240
Transportation 243
Lessening the Environmental Impact of Automobiles 243
Human Knowledge 246
"Lucy" Fossil Found in Ethiopia 247
Chapter 9 The Eighties 251
Societal Context: The "Me" Decade 251
Architecture & Engineering 253
Restoration of the Statue of Liberty 253
Arts & Entertainment 257
Video Games 257
Communication 260
Fax Machines 260
Defense & Diplomacy 264
Star Wars Missile Defense System 264
Environment 266
Chernobyl Nuclear Reactor Accident 266
Food & Agriculture 269
The African Famine 269
Medicine & Health 272
The AIDS Crisis 272
Transportation 276
Space Transportation System: The Space Shuttle 276
Human Knowledge 280
Cold Fusion and the Nature of Science 280
Chapter 10 The Nineties 285
Societal Context: Learning and Living Democracy 285
Architecture & Engineering 287
International Space Station 287
Arts & Entertainment 290
O. J. Simpson Trial 290
Communication 292
The Internet Connects the Globe 292
Defense & Diplomacy 295
Stealth Fighters in Desert Storm 295
Environment 297
Earth Summit Held in Rio de Janeiro 297
Food & Agriculture 300
Dolly the Sheep Is Introduced to the World 300
Medicine & Health 303
Cigarette Smoking Dangers Admitted 303
Transportation 307
Air Bags Required in Automobiles 307
Human Knowledge 309
Human Genome Project 310
Index 315
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