Science and Technology in a Developing World / Edition 1by T. Shinn
This book explores two complementary aspects of post-colonial science/technology practice. The cognitive and technical trajectories experienced by many third world nations since decolonization are assessed in terms of a changing dynamic between north and south where the south is increasingly a decisive actor. The thrust and substance of this dynamic has changed… See more details below
This book explores two complementary aspects of post-colonial science/technology practice. The cognitive and technical trajectories experienced by many third world nations since decolonization are assessed in terms of a changing dynamic between north and south where the south is increasingly a decisive actor. The thrust and substance of this dynamic has changed continually over the last half century, and with the passage of time the south has become increasingly dominant, albeit in often highly subtle ways. On a second level, it is argued that south/north interactions can only be fully understood in the light of an epistemological perspective. The science-related representations, policies, and practices of the north regarding the south become transparent when seen in terms of northern epistemological traditions and progress. Concurrently, the authors of this book submit that, by grasping the epistemologies held or fostered in the south toward science and technology (as well as toward alternative forms of practice and learning), the actions of southern actors and their dealings with the north acquire important incremental intelligibility.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction. STS Studies and Development Perspectives in South-North Transactions; T. Shinn, et al. Section 1: The Epistemological Turn. 2. Is Modern Science an Ethno-Science? Rethinking Epistemological Assumptions; S. Harding. 3. The Rhetoric of Progress: Crisis Avoidance in Science and Technology Policy for Development Discourse; A. Botelho. 4. French Ethnocentricity. The Epistemological Circumstances of the Third World Concept; E.L. Lefebvre. Section 2: Science for the North/Science for the South. 5. Science and French Colonial Policy. Creation of ORSTOM: From the Popular Front to the Liberation via Vichy, 1936-1943; C. Bonneuil, P. Petitjean. 6. Science for the South/Science for the North. The Great Divide? ORSTOM versus CNRS; P. Ragouet, et al. 7. Research and Policy for Development in the Netherlands: A Radical Turn to the South? J. Spaapen. 8. Information Aid and Forms of Belgian Post Colonial Science; A. Vranckx. 9. Value Structures in International Development Research Management. The Case of a Canadian Agency; C. Davis. Section 3: Science and Counter Hegemony. 10. Exploring the Role of Local Leadership as a Catalyst of Scientific Development; H. Vessuri. 11. Prometheus and Hermes; A. El-Kenz. 12. Entrepreneurial Science in Mexico as a Development Strategy. The Decline of Import Substitution Policy and the Rise of Academic-Industry Relations; H. Etzkowitz, E. Blum. 13. Science, Technology and Counter Hegemony: Some Reflections on the Contemporary Science Movements in India; V. Krishna.
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