Science and Technology in Historic Preservation / Edition 1

Science and Technology in Historic Preservation / Edition 1

5.0 1
by Ray A. Williamson
     
 

Technology transfer has played an increasingly important role in histo ric preservation during the latter half of the twentieth century, a si tuation attested to by the undertaking of an important congressional s tudy in 1986 that assessed the role of federal agencies in the field. In this book leading researchers update the earlier findings and contr ibute

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Overview

Technology transfer has played an increasingly important role in histo ric preservation during the latter half of the twentieth century, a si tuation attested to by the undertaking of an important congressional s tudy in 1986 that assessed the role of federal agencies in the field. In this book leading researchers update the earlier findings and contr ibute state-of-the-art reviews and evaluations of technological progre ss in their areas of expertise.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780306462122
Publisher:
Springer US
Publication date:
01/01/2000
Series:
Advances in Archaeological and Museum Science Series, #4
Edition description:
2000
Pages:
388
Product dimensions:
9.00(w) x 6.00(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

I.Introduction
Chapter 1The Opportunities and Challenges of Preservation Technologies3
Abstract3
Introduction3
Preservation Technology and Public Policy4
Digital Information Technologies5
Technology Issues10
The Preservation Technology Agenda of the Future13
Conclusion17
References17
II.Discovery, Documentation, and Analysis
Chapter 2Remote Sensing Methods21
Abstract21
Introduction21
Remote Sensing and Multispectral Digital Imagery23
Sensors and Platforms29
Multispectral Digital Sensor Systems33
Airborne Sensors37
Portable Sensors41
Image Analysis Software/Hardware44
Conclusion44
Acknowledgements45
Notes45
References46
Chapter 3Near-Surface, High Resolution Geophysical Methods for Cultural Resource Management and Archaeological Investigations53
Abstract53
Introduction54
Geophysical Techniques55
Example65
Summary68
References72
Chapter 4Science-Based Dating Methods in Historic Preservation75
Abstract75
Introduction75
Radiocarbon77
Dendrochronology90
Archaeomagnetic Dating91
Obsidian Hydration92
Conclusion94
Acknowledgments94
References95
Chapter 5Nondestructive Testing of Historic Structures97
Abstract97
Introduction97
Operating Principles of NDT Methods98
Architectural Archaeometry107
Structural Analysis109
Materials Characterization112
Environmental Conditions113
Barriers to Implementation of NDT114
Research Needs117
References117
Chapter 6Recent Advances in Underwater Archaeology121
Abstract121
Introduction121
Where Are We?: Positioning the Research Vessel122
Where Are We?: Underwater Remote Sensing125
Joysticks and Sleds: Robotics and Towed Arrays129
We Got One ... Now What? Nondestructive Site Documentation132
Gettin' It Together: GIS and Underwater Archaeology136
Swimming Through History: Diving Technology137
Conclusion139
References140
Chapter 7Determination of Provenance143
Abstract143
Introduction143
Characterization Through Examination of Structure145
Characterization Through Identification of Raw Materials and Inclusions150
Characterization Through Multielement Compositional Analysis152
Multivariate Statistical Data Handling160
Characterization Through Ratios of Stable Isotopes164
Conclusion168
References168
III.Restoration and Conservation
Chapter 8Technologies for Wood Preservation in Historic Preservation173
Abstract173
Introduction173
Wood Deterioration175
Technology for Preservation178
Summary179
Chapter 9Conservation of Cultural Materials from Underwater Sites193
Abstract193
Introduction193
Current Conservation Procedures194
Conservation of Metals Recovered from Marine Sites195
Conservation of Wood209
Leather Conservation216
Bone, Ivory217
Ceramics219
Glass Conservation222
Conclusion223
References225
IV.Management, Maintenance, and Protection
Chapter 10Geographic Information Systems in Historic Preservation231
Abstract231
Introduction231
Automated Cartographic Display232
Site or Property Characterization and Inventory233
Conclusion245
References245
Chapter 11The Use of Computers in Cultural Resource Management249
Abstract249
Introduction249
Software Development in Cultural Resource Management250
CRM Computer Applications251
Archaeological Applications254
Collections Management Applications256
Multiple Resource Applications258
Conclusion262
Table of Sources264
Chapter 12Cultural Resource Management in Context267
Abstract267
Introduction268
The Legal Basis for Cultural Resource Management271
Philosophy273
Cultural Resource Management Participants280
Methods282
Summary285
References286
Chapter 13Technologies against Looting and Vandalism291
Abstract291
Introduction291
Legal Issues299
Additional Advantages of Remote Surveillance302
Types of Commercial Monitoring Systems303
Hiprotect304
Evaluating An Archaeological Resource for a Monitoring System304
Long Term Goals and Public Education306
References307
Chapter 14Technologies for In-Place Protection and Long-Term Conservation of Archaeological Sites309
Abstract309
Introduction309
Archaeological Sites and A Conservation Ethic311
Archaeological Site Protection Technologies and Strategies312
Management Guidelines and Strategies326
Technology Transfer328
Conclusions329
References329
About the Editors333
Index335

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