Science and Technology in Historic Preservation / Edition 1

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Technology transfer has played an increasingly important role in histo ric preservation during the latter half of the twentieth century, a si tuation attested to by the undertaking of an important congressional s tudy in 1986 that assessed the role of federal agencies in the field. In this book leading researchers update the earlier findings and contr ibute state-of-the-art reviews and evaluations of technological progre ss in their areas of expertise.

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Editorial Reviews

A series of studies on methods usually imported from other disciplines used in historical preservation to discover, document, and analyze; restore and conserve; and manage, maintain, and protect. The authors, from a wide range of public and private organizations, discuss such matters as remote sensing methods, science-based dating methods, underwater archaeology, determining provenance, preserving wood, geographical information systems, using computers in cultural resource management, and technologies against looting and vandalism. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

Table of Contents

I. Introduction
Chapter 1 The Opportunities and Challenges of Preservation Technologies 3
Abstract 3
Introduction 3
Preservation Technology and Public Policy 4
Digital Information Technologies 5
Technology Issues 10
The Preservation Technology Agenda of the Future 13
Conclusion 17
References 17
II. Discovery, Documentation, and Analysis
Chapter 2 Remote Sensing Methods 21
Abstract 21
Introduction 21
Remote Sensing and Multispectral Digital Imagery 23
Sensors and Platforms 29
Multispectral Digital Sensor Systems 33
Airborne Sensors 37
Portable Sensors 41
Image Analysis Software/Hardware 44
Conclusion 44
Acknowledgements 45
Notes 45
References 46
Chapter 3 Near-Surface, High Resolution Geophysical Methods for Cultural Resource Management and Archaeological Investigations 53
Abstract 53
Introduction 54
Geophysical Techniques 55
Example 65
Summary 68
References 72
Chapter 4 Science-Based Dating Methods in Historic Preservation 75
Abstract 75
Introduction 75
Radiocarbon 77
Dendrochronology 90
Archaeomagnetic Dating 91
Obsidian Hydration 92
Conclusion 94
Acknowledgments 94
References 95
Chapter 5 Nondestructive Testing of Historic Structures 97
Abstract 97
Introduction 97
Operating Principles of NDT Methods 98
Architectural Archaeometry 107
Structural Analysis 109
Materials Characterization 112
Environmental Conditions 113
Barriers to Implementation of NDT 114
Research Needs 117
References 117
Chapter 6 Recent Advances in Underwater Archaeology 121
Abstract 121
Introduction 121
Where Are We?: Positioning the Research Vessel 122
Where Are We?: Underwater Remote Sensing 125
Joysticks and Sleds: Robotics and Towed Arrays 129
We Got One ... Now What? Nondestructive Site Documentation 132
Gettin' It Together: GIS and Underwater Archaeology 136
Swimming Through History: Diving Technology 137
Conclusion 139
References 140
Chapter 7 Determination of Provenance 143
Abstract 143
Introduction 143
Characterization Through Examination of Structure 145
Characterization Through Identification of Raw Materials and Inclusions 150
Characterization Through Multielement Compositional Analysis 152
Multivariate Statistical Data Handling 160
Characterization Through Ratios of Stable Isotopes 164
Conclusion 168
References 168
III. Restoration and Conservation
Chapter 8 Technologies for Wood Preservation in Historic Preservation 173
Abstract 173
Introduction 173
Wood Deterioration 175
Technology for Preservation 178
Summary 179
Chapter 9 Conservation of Cultural Materials from Underwater Sites 193
Abstract 193
Introduction 193
Current Conservation Procedures 194
Conservation of Metals Recovered from Marine Sites 195
Conservation of Wood 209
Leather Conservation 216
Bone, Ivory 217
Ceramics 219
Glass Conservation 222
Conclusion 223
References 225
IV. Management, Maintenance, and Protection
Chapter 10 Geographic Information Systems in Historic Preservation 231
Abstract 231
Introduction 231
Automated Cartographic Display 232
Site or Property Characterization and Inventory 233
Conclusion 245
References 245
Chapter 11 The Use of Computers in Cultural Resource Management 249
Abstract 249
Introduction 249
Software Development in Cultural Resource Management 250
CRM Computer Applications 251
Archaeological Applications 254
Collections Management Applications 256
Multiple Resource Applications 258
Conclusion 262
Table of Sources 264
Chapter 12 Cultural Resource Management in Context 267
Abstract 267
Introduction 268
The Legal Basis for Cultural Resource Management 271
Philosophy 273
Cultural Resource Management Participants 280
Methods 282
Summary 285
References 286
Chapter 13 Technologies against Looting and Vandalism 291
Abstract 291
Introduction 291
Legal Issues 299
Additional Advantages of Remote Surveillance 302
Types of Commercial Monitoring Systems 303
Hiprotect 304
Evaluating An Archaeological Resource for a Monitoring System 304
Long Term Goals and Public Education 306
References 307
Chapter 14 Technologies for In-Place Protection and Long-Term Conservation of Archaeological Sites 309
Abstract 309
Introduction 309
Archaeological Sites and A Conservation Ethic 311
Archaeological Site Protection Technologies and Strategies 312
Management Guidelines and Strategies 326
Technology Transfer 328
Conclusions 329
References 329
About the Editors 333
Index 335
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