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Now in its second edition, this bestselling textbook may be the single most influential study of the historical relationship between science and technology ever published. Tracing this relationship from the dawn of civilization through the twentieth century, James E. McClellan III and Harold Dorn argue that technology as "applied science" emerged relatively recently, as industry and governments began funding scientific research that would lead directly to new or improved technologies.
McClellan and Dorn identify two great scientific traditions: the useful sciences, patronized by the state from the dawn of civilization, and scientific theorizing, initiated by the ancient Greeks. They find that scientific traditions took root in China, India, and Central and South America, as well as in a series of Near Eastern empires, during late antiquity and the Middle Ages. From this comparative perspective, the authors explore the emergence of Europe and the United States as a scientific and technological power.
The new edition reorganizes its treatment of Greek science and significantly expands its coverage of industrial civilization and contemporary science and technology with new and revised chapters devoted to applied science, the sociology and economics of science, globalization, and the technological systems that underpin everyday life.
Johns Hopkins University Press
This historical account achieves its basic aim of demonstrating that, with the exception of quite recent history, technology has always influenced science, not the other way round.
|Introduction : the guiding themes||1|
|Pt. I||From ape to Alexander||3|
|Ch. 1||Humankind emerges : tools and toolmakers||5|
|Ch. 2||The reign of the farmer||17|
|Ch. 3||Pharaohs and engineers||31|
|Ch. 4||Greeks bearing gifts||55|
|Ch. 5||Alexandria and after||79|
|Pt. II||Thinking and doing among the world's peoples||97|
|Ch. 6||The enduring East||99|
|Ch. 7||The middle kingdom||117|
|Ch. 8||Indus, Ganges, and beyond||141|
|Ch. 9||The new world||155|
|Pt. III||Europe and the solar system||175|
|Ch. 10||Plows, stirrups, guns, and plagues||177|
|Ch. 11||Copernicus incites a revolution||203|
|Ch. 12||The crime and punishment of Galileo Galilei||223|
|Ch. 13||"God said, 'let Newton be!'"||249|
|Pt. IV||Science and industrial civilization||275|
|Ch. 14||Timber, coal, cloth, and steam||279|
|Ch. 15||Legacies of revolution||295|
|Ch. 16||Life itself||323|
|Ch. 17||Toolmakers take command||339|
|Ch. 18||The new Aristotelians||365|
|Ch. 19||The bomb and the genome||391|
|Ch. 20||Under today's pharaohs||415|
|Conclusion : the medium of history||437|
Posted April 6, 2012
Posted June 9, 2000
The World History Association has awarded this book its 2000 prize because of its coverage, not only of Western science, but also of regions as far afield as China, the Muslim World, and Pre-Columbian America, as well as ancient times. It provides a basis for comparative study of a marker that many historians use to measure change over time in human societies.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.