Science and Technology Resources: A Guide for Information Professionals and Researchers

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This book is a practical guide to science and technology resources, providing cutting-edge practices and tools in library and information science, as well as a historical perspective on science and technology resources. Science and Technology Library Resources: Print and Electronic begins with an overview of the nature of sci-tech literature, the information-seeking behavior of scientists and engineers, and an examination of the research cycle. Each of the 12 chapters focuses on a specific format, showcasing specific examples and representative resources in current practice.

This text will be invaluable to librarians, information specialists, engineering and science professionals, and students interested in acquiring a practical knowledge of science and technology resources. The comprehensive subject bibliographies provide a sci-tech library administrator with the resources to develop and maintain an effective science, technology, and engineering collection.

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Editorial Reviews

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"Two experienced librarians and authors have written a guide to the literature of science and technology. . . . A timely resource to add to reference collections and to the library science curriculum."


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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781591587934
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 4/19/2011
  • Series: Library and Information Science Text Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 285
  • Sales rank: 1,414,848
  • Product dimensions: 7.10 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi

Acknowledgments xiii

1 Introduction to the Literature of Science and Technology 1

2 Scientific and Technical Communication 5

Professional Associations and Societies 5

Historical Review 6

The Research Information Cycle 8

Information-Seeking Behaviors of Engineers and Scientists 10

3 Journals 15

Types of Journals 16

Reviews 18

Journal Publishers 19

Proliferation of the Journal 20

Budgeting for Journals 25

Pricing Factors 25

Review Sources 26

Journal Bundling, Also Known as Aggregator Database 30

JSTOR: A Hybrid Example of Journal Service 31

Electronic Access vs. Traditional Access 31

The Open Access Movement 32

Institutional Repositories (IR) 34

Why an IR? 34

4 Specialized Databases 41

The Database Selection Process 44

General Sci-Tech Databases 49

5 Current Awareness and Web 2.0 Tools 53

Web 2.0 Tools 55

RSS Feeds 56

Blogging 57

Wikis and Google Docs 58

Publishers' Gateways (Nature Publishing) 59

6 Conferences and Society Meetings and Directories 63

Conferences and Society Meetings 63

Directories 69

7 Dictionaries and Encyclopedias 73

Dictionaries 73

Encyclopedias 81

8 Handbooks, Tables, and Manuals 91

Handbooks 91

Tables 92

Manuals 92

9 Intellectual Property: Patents, Trademarks, and Copyright 97

Patents 97

Why Search Patents? 99

What Is a Patent? 102

Types of Patents: Utility Patents, Design Patents, and Plant Patents 103

Parts of a Patent 106

The Seven Steps to Searching the Patent Literature 107

10 Standards and Specifications 125

More about Stakeholders 129

Types of Standards and Their Elements 129

Standards Collections 132

Standards Education 133

11 Grey Literature and Technical Reports 137

Grey Literature 137

Technical Reports 139

Government-Sponsored Reports 142

Privately Funded Reports 142

Academia-Generated Research Reports 143

12 Biographical Resources 147

Biographies in Collected Works 148

Biographical Information in Dictionaries 154

Biographies in Encyclopedias 154

Biographical Information in Festschriften 154

Biographical Information in Journals and Newspapers 154

Information in Membership Directories 155

Individual and Collective Biographies of Scientists in Books 155

Bibliographies of Biographical Information 156

Appendix: Subject Bibliographies 161

Anatomy and Physiology 163

Astronomy 166

Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Cell Biology 170

Bioengineering 173

Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering 176

Botany 179

Chemical Engineering 182

Chemistry 186

Civil Engineering 192

Computer Science and Information Technology 196

Electrical Engineering 199

Environmental Engineering 202

Environmental Science 206

General Biology and Natural History 211

General Engineering 215

General Science 219

Genetics, Developmental Biology, and Evolutionary Biology 223

General Technology and Inventions 227

Geology 231

History and Philosophy of Science and Technology 235

Industrial Engineering 239

Mathematics 242

Materials Science Engineering 248

Mechanical Engineering 252

Meteorology 255

Microbiology 258

Nutrition and Food Science 261

Physics 266

Zoology 270

Index 273

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