Science and the Pacific War: Science and Survival in the Pacific, 1939-1945 / Edition 1

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From the beginning of the war in the Pacific, Allied and Japanese forces were obliged to adapt familiar scientific practices to unfamiliar environments, to design new items of equipment (including amphibious vehicles and long-range radar), and to invent new ways of dealing with tropical diseases and parasitic pests. By 1945, the war confronted scientists with many ethical questions - concerning not only the use of the atomic bomb, but also the potential use of chemical and biological weapons, whose development was almost forgotten in the aftermath of Hiroshima. Looking beyond official histories, this book draws upon collective scholarship in several related fields in assessing some of the leading characteristics of the 'scientific war' in the Pacific. Unusually, it explores aspects of the war and its impact not only in relation to America and Japan, but also in the experience of Canada, Australia and New Zealand.

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Table of Contents

Preface. Introduction: Science, Technology and the War in the Pacific; R. MacLeod. Part I: The Scientists go to War. 1. Combat Science: OSRD's Postscript in the Pacific; R. MacLeod. 2. The Smithsonian Goes to War: The Increase and Diffusion of Scientific Knowledge in the Pacific; P.M. Henson. 3. Malaria in the Southwest Pacific in World War II; M.E. Condon-Rall. 4. The Machine in the Pacific: The Diverse Legacy of Technology; D.T. Fitzgerald. 5. The Role of Botanists During World War II in the Pacific Theatre; R.A. Howard. Part II: The War Down Under. 6. Australian Universities at War: The Mobilisation of Universities in the Battle for the Pacific; M. Freeman. 7. Australia's Mustard Gas Guinea Pigs; B. Goodwin. 8. Technological Transfer and the War in the Pacific; I.D. Rae. 9. Managing the Impact of War: Australian Anthropology and the South West Pacific; G.G. Gray. 10. New Zealand Scientists in Action: The Radio Development Laboratory and the Pacific War; R. Galbreath. Part III: The Unseen War. 11. Canadian Scientists, CBW Weapons and Japan, 1939-1945; D. Avery. 12. The American Cover-up of Japanese Human Biological Warfare Experiments, 1945-1948; S.H. Harris. 13. The Role of Scientific Intelligence in the Pacific War; F. Cain. 14. The Useful War: Radar and the Mobilization of Science and Industry in Japan; M.F. Low. Bibliography.

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