Science As A Way Of Knowing / Edition 1

Science As A Way Of Knowing / Edition 1

by John A. Moore
     
 

ISBN-10: 0674794826

ISBN-13: 9780674794825

Pub. Date: 09/15/1999

Publisher: Harvard University Press


For the past twenty-five years John Moore has taught biology instructors how to teach biology--by emphasizing the questions people have asked about life through the ages and the ways natural philosophers and scientists have sought the answers. This book makes Moore's uncommon wisdom available to students in a lively and richly illustrated account of the history…  See more details below

Overview


For the past twenty-five years John Moore has taught biology instructors how to teach biology--by emphasizing the questions people have asked about life through the ages and the ways natural philosophers and scientists have sought the answers. This book makes Moore's uncommon wisdom available to students in a lively and richly illustrated account of the history and workings of life. Employing a breadth of rhetoric strategies--including vividly written case histories, hypotheses and deductions, and chronological narrative--Science as a Way of Knowing provides not only a cultural history of biology but also a splendid introduction to the procedures and values of science.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780674794825
Publisher:
Harvard University Press
Publication date:
09/15/1999
Edition description:
Reprint
Pages:
548
Sales rank:
857,202
Product dimensions:
7.50(w) x 9.25(h) x 1.11(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction

A Brief Conceptual Framework for Biology

PART ONE: UNDERSTANDING NATURE

1. The Antecedents of Scientific Thought

Animism, Totemism, and Shamanism

The Paleolithic View

Mesopotamia

Egypt

2. Aristotle and the Greek View of Nature

The Science of Animal Biology

The Parts of Animals

The Classification of Animals

The Aristotelian System

Basic Questions

3. Those Rational Greeks?

Theophrastus and the Science of Botany

The Roman Pliny

Hippocrates, the Father of Medicine

Erasistratus

Galen of Pergamum

The Greek Miracle

4. The Judeo-Christian Worldview

The Bishop of Hippo

Scholastic Thought

Islamic Science

Books on Beasts

Antecedents of a Revolution

5. The Revival of Science

Andreas Vesalius and the Study of Structure

William Harvey and the Study of Function

Sir Francis Bacon's Great Instauration

Induction, Hypothesis, Deduction

The Very Small—Animalcules

Robert Hooke and the Discovery of Cells

6. Figur'd Stones and Plastick Virtue

Marine Life on Mountain Tops?

Figured Stones of Unknown Creatures

Baron Cuvier

Quarries of the Paris Basin

Catastrophism and Uniformitarianism

William Smith and the Geological Column

Understanding Nature in 1850

PART TWO: THE GROWTH OF EVOLUTIONARY THOUGHT

7. The Paradigm of Evolution

First Questions

The Paradigm of Natural Theology

First Answers

8. Testing Darwins Hypotheses

Have Life Forms Changed over Time?

Do Species Evolve into Different Species over Time?

Has There Been Time Enough for Evolution?

Is Natural Selection the Mechanism of Change?

The Genetic Basis of Natural Selection

Accounting for the Diversity of Life

9. In the Light of Evolution

Comparative Anatomy

Embryonic Development

Classification

Microstructure

Molecular Processes

10. Life over Time

The Origin of Life

The Rise of Multicelled Organisms

What Is a Phylum?

Burgess Shale Metazoans

Early Evolution of the Vertebrates

The Age of Dinosaurs

Birds, Mammals, and Flowering Plants

The Rancho La Brea Tar Pits

Human Evolution

The Role of Extinction in Evolution

PART THREE: CLASSICAL GENETICS

11. Pangenesis

What Is the Question?

Hippocrates and Aristotle

The Darwinian Answer

Assembling the Data

Formulating the Hypothesis by Induction

Galton's Rabbits

12. The Cell Theory

The Discovery of Cells: Robert Hooke

Schwann and Cells in Animals

Gametes as Cells

Omnis cellula e cellula?

The Technology of Cell Research

13. The Hypothesis of Chromosomal Continuity

The Ephemeral Nucleus

Schneider, Flemming, and Cell Division

The Chromosomes and inheritance

Gamete Formation

Fertilization

14. Mendel and the Birth of Genetics

Model for Monohybrid Crosses

Model for Dihybrid Crosses

Mendel's Laws

Initial Opposition to Mendelism

15. Genetics + Cytology: 1900-1910

Sutton's Model

The Cytological Basis of Mendel's Laws

Boveri and Abnormal Chromosome Sets

Variations in Mendelian Ratios

The Discovery of Sex Chromosomes

16. The Genetics of the Fruit Fly

Morgan's First Hypothesis

Morgan's Second Hypothesis

The Fly Room

Linkage and Crossing-Over

The Cytological Proof of Crossing-Over

Mapping the Chromosomes

The Final Proof

The Determinants of Sex

The Conceptual Foundations of Classical Genetics

17. The Structure and Function of Genes

One Gene, One Enzyme

The Substance of Inheritance

The Watson-Crick Model of DNA

Genes and the Synthesis of Proteins

The Genetic Code

PART FOUR: THE ENIGMA OF DEVELOPMENT

18. First Principles

The Peripatetic Stagirite

The Death and Rebirth of Scientific Thought

Harvey and Malpighi

A Two-Millennial Summing Up

Preformation versus Epigenesis

19. The Century of Discovery

Von Baer's Discovery of the Mammalian Ovum

Darwin's Contribution to Embryology

Haeckel and Recapitulation

20. Descriptive Embryology

Germ Layers

The External Development of the Amphibian Embryo

The Internal Development of the Amphibian Embryo

21. The Dawn of Analytical Embryology

His, Roux, and Mosaic Development

Driesch and Regulative Development

Novelty in Development

Cell Lineage

Nucleus or Cytoplasm?

Fin de Siècle

22. Interactions during Development

Amphibian Organizers

Secondary Organizers

The Reacting Tissue

The Chemical Nature of the Organizer

Putting It All Together

Conclusion

Further Reading

References

Illustration Credits

Index

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