Science in a Democratic Society

Science in a Democratic Society

by Philip Kitcher
     
 

ISBN-10: 1616144076

ISBN-13: 9781616144074

Pub. Date: 08/23/2011

Publisher: Prometheus Books

In this successor to his pioneering Science, Truth, and Democracy, the author revisits the topic explored in his previous work—namely, the challenges of integrating science, the most successful knowledge-generating system of all time, with the problems of democracy. But in this new work, the author goes far beyond that earlier book in studying places

…  See more details below

Overview

In this successor to his pioneering Science, Truth, and Democracy, the author revisits the topic explored in his previous work—namely, the challenges of integrating science, the most successful knowledge-generating system of all time, with the problems of democracy. But in this new work, the author goes far beyond that earlier book in studying places at which the practice of science fails to answer social needs.

He considers a variety of examples of pressing concern, ranging from climate change to religiously inspired constraints on biomedical research to the neglect of diseases that kill millions of children annually, analyzing the sources of trouble. He shows the fallacies of thinking that democracy always requires public debate of issues most people cannot comprehend, and argues that properly constituted expertise is essential to genuine democracy.

No previous book has treated the place of science in democratic society so comprehensively and systematically, with attention to different aspects of science and to pressing problems of our times.

Read More

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781616144074
Publisher:
Prometheus Books
Publication date:
08/23/2011
Series:
Prometheus Prize
Pages:
300
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Preface 9

Introduction 11

Chapter 1 The Erosion of Scientific Authority 15

1 Disappointment and Overconfidence 15

2 The Division of Epistemic Labor 20

3 Sources of Trouble 25

4 Values and Science 31

Chapter 2 Discussing Values 41

5 Ethics as a Human Project 41

6 Ethical Progress? 45

7 Renewing the Project 49

8 Values in Science 58

Chapter 3 Democratic Values 63

9 Taking Democracy Seriously 63

10 Ideals of Freedom 65

11 Equality in Freedom 71

12 A Picture of Democracy 74

Chapter 4 The Evolution of Public Knowledge 85

13 Origins 85

14 The Public Depository 89

15 Later Variants 93

16 From Private to Public 98

Chapter 5 Well-Ordered Science 105

17 Scientific Significance 105

18 Well-Ordered Science: Explanation 111

19 Well-Ordered Science: Defense 118

20 Merely an Ideal? 125

21 Constraints on Pursuit 131

Chapter 6 Public Reason 139

22 Problems of Certification? 139

23 Fraud and Misrepresentation in Science Research 141

24 Well-Ordered Certification and Ideal Transparency 147

25 The Role(s) of Philosophy of Science: A Brief Excursion 153

26 Chimeric Epistermologies and Opaque Value-Judgments 155

27 Suggestions for Improvement 163

Chapter 7 Applications and Access 169

28 Using Public Knowledge 169

29 The Need for Improved Access 172

30 Science in Public Debate 175

31 The Shibboleth of "Free Discussion" 178

32 Educating Citizens 187

Chapter 8 Diversity and Dissent 193

33 Diversity within Scientific Fields 193

34 Varieties of Diversity 198

35 Markets, Norms, and Team Players 208

36 Dissent 217

37 Political Entanglements? 222

Chapter 9 Actual Choices 227

38 The History of Life 227

39 Biomedical Technology 230

40 Genetically Modified Organisms 237

41 Climate Change 243

Notes 249

References 259

Index 265

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >