Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers through Society / Edition 1

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Overview

Science and technology have immense authority and influence in our society, yet their working remains little understood. The conventional perception of science in Western societies has been modified in recent years by the work of philosophers, sociologists and historians of science. In this book Bruno Latour brings together these different approaches to provide a lively and challenging analysis of science, demonstrating how social context and technical content are both essential to a proper understanding of scientific activity. Emphasizing that science can only be understood through its practice, the author examines science and technology in action: the role of scientific literature, the activities of laboratories, the institutional context of science in the modern world, and the means by which inventions and discoveries become accepted. From the study of scientific practice he develops an analysis of science as the building of networks. Throughout, Bruno Latour shows how a lively and realistic picture of science in action alters our conception of not only the natural sciences but also the social sciences and the sociology of knowledge in general.

This stimulating book, drawing on a wealth of examples from a wide range of scientific activities, will interest all philosophers, sociologists and historians of science, scientists and engineers, and students of the philosophy of social science and the sociology of knowledge.

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Editorial Reviews

Times Literary Supplement

One cannot but be impressed by the scope of Latour's work...This is no mere bricolage, but a coherent and powerful framework for research. I predict that Science in Action will have an impact comparable to Thomas Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions both as a provocation to philosophers and as an inspiration to sociologists and historians of science.
— Nicholas Jardine

Contemporary Sociology

Latour's Science in Action is a "must read" for all sociologists, not just because the sociology of science is a dynamic and growing subdiscipline, but more importantly because Latour's thesis challenges the notions that underlie sociologists' efforts to distinguish our field as a "science"...Latour's thesis is that science, including sociology, is collective action and that facticity is a consequence, not a cause, of collective action...An excellent and enjoyable introduction to the sociology of science.
— Joan H. Fujimura

Nature

This account of science as composed of drifting, recombining networks is presented with considerable charm and humour. There are many brief case histories to enliven the text, and the book works very well as a guide through scientific reasoning.
— Steven Yearly

Times Literary Supplement - Nicholas Jardine
One cannot but be impressed by the scope of Latour's work...This is no mere bricolage, but a coherent and powerful framework for research. I predict that Science in Action will have an impact comparable to Thomas Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions both as a provocation to philosophers and as an inspiration to sociologists and historians of science.
Contemporary Sociology - Joan H. Fujimura
Latour's Science in Action is a "must read" for all sociologists, not just because the sociology of science is a dynamic and growing subdiscipline, but more importantly because Latour's thesis challenges the notions that underlie sociologists' efforts to distinguish our field as a "science"...Latour's thesis is that science, including sociology, is collective action and that facticity is a consequence, not a cause, of collective action...An excellent and enjoyable introduction to the sociology of science.
Nature - Steven Yearly
This account of science as composed of drifting, recombining networks is presented with considerable charm and humour. There are many brief case histories to enliven the text, and the book works very well as a guide through scientific reasoning.
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780674792913
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • Publication date: 10/28/1988
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 288
  • Sales rank: 663,395
  • Product dimensions: 5.96 (w) x 8.92 (h) x 0.63 (d)

Meet the Author

Bruno Latour is Professor at Sciences Po, Paris and the 2013 winner of the Ludvig Holberg International Memorial Prize.
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Table of Contents

Acknowledgements

Introduction Opening Pandora's Black Box

PART I FROM WEARER TO STRONGER RHETORIC

Chapter I Literature

Part A: Controversies

Part B: When controversies flare up the literature becomes technical

Part C: Writing texts that withstand the assaults of a hostile environment

Conclusion: Numbers, more numbers

Chapter 2 Laboratories

Part A: From texts to things: A showdown

Part B: Building up counter-laboratories

Part C: Appealing (to) nature

PART II FROM WEAR POINTS TO STRONGHOLDS

Chapter 3 Machines

Introduction: The quandary of the fact-builder

Part A: Translating interests

Part B: Keeping the interested groups in line

Part C: The model of diffusion versus the model of translation

Chapter 4 Insiders Out

Part A: Interesting others in the laboratories

Part B: Counting allies and resources

PART III FROM SHORT TO LONGER NETWORKS

Chapter 5 Tribunals of Reason

Part A: The trials of rationality

Part B: Sociologics

Part C: Who needs hard facts?

Chapter 6 Centres of calculation

Prologue: The domestication of the savage mind

Part A: Action at a distance

Part B: Centres of calculation

Part C: Metrologies

Appendix 1

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