Science in the Service of Human Rights: International Standards, Issues, and Politics

Science in the Service of Human Rights: International Standards, Issues, and Politics

by Richard Pierre Claude
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0812236793

ISBN-13: 9780812236798

Pub. Date: 08/28/2002

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press, Inc.

Issues that mix science and politics present some of today's most daunting ethical questions. Did China violate the human rights of prisoners in 2001 by harvesting their kidneys and other organs without their formal consent? Do the victims of AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa have the right to effective pharmaceutical treatments that are beyond their financial reach? Have

Overview

Issues that mix science and politics present some of today's most daunting ethical questions. Did China violate the human rights of prisoners in 2001 by harvesting their kidneys and other organs without their formal consent? Do the victims of AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa have the right to effective pharmaceutical treatments that are beyond their financial reach? Have incautious steps toward human cloning trodden dangerously close to the revival of eugenics? Science in the Service of Human Rights presents a new framework for debate on such controversial questions surrounding scientific freedom and responsibility by illuminating the many critical points of intersection between human rights and science.

In the wake of the horrors of the Nazi engineers' grotesque experiments and the devastating advent of the atom bomb, the architects of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights sought to structure new world arrangements where those in power would be bridled by rational principles favoring peace. Though UN-formulated norms have slowly matured to the status of binding international law, the fragmentation of knowledge in modern society is such that few scientists know about the existence and content of the related UN declarations and covenants or their implications.

Richard Pierre Claude's book redresses this lack and satisfies curriculum development aiming to integrate human rights standards into the humanities, law, public health, and the social and physical sciences. It offers a systematic and much-needed clarification of the origins and meanings of everyone's right to enjoy the benefits of the advancements of science.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780812236798
Publisher:
University of Pennsylvania Press, Inc.
Publication date:
08/28/2002
Series:
Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
280
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

Introit

I. INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS
1 Links Between Science and Human Rights
2 Science in the Universal Declaration of Human Rghts
3 Science in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
4 State Responsibilities in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

II. ISSUES
5 Health and Medical Ethics
6 Information Technology and Statistics

III. POLITICS
7 Scientists as Human Rights Activists
8 NGO Activism in Science, Technology, and Health
9 Grassroots Activism in Science, Technology, and Health
10 Emerging Governance Among Transnational Organizations

Appendix A International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
Appendix B Reporting Objectives of the Treaty Committee, General Comment Number 1
Appendix C Universal Declaration on Human Rights and the Human Genome
Appendix D International Code of Medical Ethics
Appendix E Draft Declaration of Principles on Human Rights and the Environment

Notes
Bibliography
Index
Acknowledgments

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