The Science of Environmental Pollution, Second Edition / Edition 2

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Overview

Hailed on its first publication as a masterly addition to its companion volumes The Science of Water and The Science of Air, The Science of Environmental Pollution, Second Edition successfully completes the process of bringing this series into the twenty-first century. This new edition continues to ask the same questions about environmental pollution: What is it? What is its impact? What are the causes and how can we mitigate them? But more than this, the second edition stimulates new ways to think about the issues and their possible solutions.

Simply put, studying pollution without science is analogous to attempting to cook without being able to read a recipe, measure ingredients correctly, or monitor the progress of that which is cooking. Conversely, studying pollution through science affords the opportunity to maintain a healthful, life-sustaining environment. This second edition of a bestseller presents common-sense approaches and practical examples based on scientific principles, models, and observations, but keeps the text lively and understandable to scientists and non-scientists alike.

The Second Edition contains:

  • Completely revised and updated information in every chapter
  • New material on pharmaceuticals in water
  • New material on water scarcity

Environmental issues continue to attract attention at all levels. Some sources say that pollution is the direct cause of climate change; others deny that the possibility even exists. This text sorts through the hyperbole, providing concepts and guidelines that not only aid in understanding the issues, but equip you with the scientific rationale required to make informed decisions.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781439813027
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 12/2/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 512
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction

Pollution: What Is It?

Introduction

Pollution Defined

Pollution: Effects Often Easy to See, Feel, Taste, or Smell

Pollution and Environmental Science/Health

Environmental Pollution and Technology: The Connection

Science and Technology Offer Solutions

The Bottom Line

Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Pollution Science Fundamentals

Introduction

Biogeochemical Cycles

Energy Flow through an Ecosystem and the Biosphere

Units of Measurement

The Bottom Line

Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Global Pollution: The Problem

Introduction

Global Interdependence

Global Pollution Problems: Causal Factors

Pollution and Global Environmental Degradation

So, What Is the Answer?

Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Readings

Sources of Pollution

A Historical Perspective

Introduction

Natural Pollutants

Pollutant Terminology

Soil, Water, and Air Pollution: The Interface

Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Air

Air

Introduction

All About Air

The Components of Air: Characteristics and Properties

Air for Combustion

Air for Power

Stratification of the Atmosphere

Physical Properties and Dynamics of Air

Gas Laws

Gas Conversions

Gas Velocity

Gas Stream Treatment (Residence) Time

Gas Density

Heat Capacity and Enthalpy

Heat and Energy in the Atmosphere

Adiabatic Lapse Rate

Viscosity

Flow Characteristics

Particle Physics

Characteristics of Particles

Particle Formation

Collection Mechanisms

Atmospheric Dispersion, Transformation, and Deposition

The Bottom Line

Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Air Pollution

Yurk and Smilodon

Introduction

Problems of Atmospheric Pollution

The Bottom Line

Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Readings

Air Pollution Remediation

Introduction

Clearing the Air

Air Pollution Control: Choices

Air Pollution Control Equipment and Systems

Removal of Dry Particulate Matter

Removal of Gaseous Pollutants: Stationary Sources

Removal of Gaseous Pollutants: Mobile Sources

The Bottom Line

Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Water

Water

Water: Earth’s Blood

Water: Facts and Prose

Water: The Basics

How Special, Strange, and Different Is Water?

Characteristics of Water

Water’s Physical Properties

Capillary Action

The Water Cycle

Specific Water Movements

Q and Q Factors

Sources of Water

Watershed Protection

Potable Water Source

Surface Water

Groundwater Supply

Well Systems

Water Use

The Bottom Line

Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Water Pollution

Case Study 9.1. Chesapeake Bay

Introduction

Surface Water

Setting the Stage

Surface Water Pollutants

Groundwater Pollution

Wetlands

The Bottom Line on Surface Water and Groundwater Pollution

Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Water Pollution: Remediation

Historical Prospective

Effect of Regulations on Preventing Water Pollution

A Sherlock Holmes at the Pump

Water Treatment

Wastewater Treatment

Thermal Pollution Treatment

Pollution Control Technology: Underground Storage Tanks

Pollution Control Technology: Groundwater Remediation

The Bottom Line

Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Soil

Soil Basics

Introduction

Soil: What Is It?

Key Terms Defined

All About Soil

Functions of Soil

Soil Basics

Soil Formation

Soil Characterization

Soil Mechanics and Physics

Soil Chemistry

Solid Wastes

The Bottom Line

Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Soil Pollution

Clean Soil

Soil Pollutants: Transport Mechanisms Affecting Flow Regime

The Basics of Soil Pollution

Industrial Practices and Soil Contamination

Hazardous Substances

Hazardous Wastes

Hazardous Waste Legislation

The Bottom Line

Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Soil Pollution Remediation

Introduction

USTs: The Problem

Risk Assessment

Exposure Pathways

Remediation of UST-Contaminated Soils

Economic Outlook

Animal Feeding Operations and Animal Waste Treatment

Waste Control Technology

Ultimate Disposal

Green Remediation

The Bottom Line

Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Pollution and the 21st Century

Glossary

Index

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