Science, Technology and Learning in the Ottoman Empireby Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu
Pub. Date: 01/01/2004
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
The aim of these studies is to explore the scientific activity and learning that took place within the Ottoman empire, a subject often neglected by both historians of science and of the Ottoman world. Professor Ihsanoglu has been a pioneer in this field. In several papers he analyses the continuing tradition of Arabic science inherited by the Ottomans, together with the contributions made by the conquered Christian and incoming Jewish populations. The main focus, however, is upon the Ottoman reaction to, accommodation with, and eventual acceptance of the Western scientific tradition. Setting this in the context of contemporary cultural and political life, the author examines existing institutions of learning and the spread of ’Western-style’ scientific and learned societies and institutions, and charts the adoption of the ideas and methods of Western science and technology. Two case studies look in particular at astronomy and at the introduction of aviation.
Table of ContentsContents: Preface; Some remarks on Ottoman science and its relation with European science & technology up to the end of the 18th century; The introduction of western science to the Ottoman world: a case study of modern astronomy (1660-1860); Ottoman science: the last episode in the Islamic scientific tradition and the beginning of the European scientific tradition; Bashoca Ishak Efendi pioneer of modern science in Turkey; Some critical notes on the introduction of modern sciences to the Ottoman state and the relation between science and religion up to the end of the 19th century; The initial stage of the historiography of Ottoman Medreses (1916-65), the era of discovery and construction; The genesis of 'DarulfÃ¼nun': an overview of attempts to establish the first Ottoman university; The group of scholars known as members of Besiktas Cemiyet-i Ilmiyyesi (Besiktas Learned Society); Genesis of learned societies and professional associations in Ottoman Turkey; Modernization efforts in science, technology and industry in the Ottoman Empire (18-19th centuries); Aviation: the last episode in the Ottoman transfer of western technology; Modern Turkey and the Ottoman legacy; Index.
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