Science Without Laws

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Overview

Debate over the nature of science has recently moved from the halls of academia into the public sphere, where it has taken shape as the "science wars." At issue is the question of whether scientific knowledge is objective and universal or socially mediated, whether scientific truths are independent of human values and beliefs. Ronald Giere is a philosopher of science who has been at the forefront of this debate from its inception, and Science without Laws offers a much-needed mediating perspective on an increasingly volatile line of inquiry.

Giere does not question the major findings of modern science: for example, that the universe is expanding or that inheritance is carried by DNA molecules with a double helical structure. But like many critics of modern science, he rejects the widespread notion of science—deriving ultimately from the Enlightenment—as a uniquely rational activity leading to the discovery of universal truths underlying all natural phenomena. In these highly readable essays, Giere argues that it is better to understand scientists as merely constructing more or less abstract models of limited aspects of the world. Such an understanding makes possible a resolution of the issues at stake in the science wars. The critics of science are seen to be correct in rejecting the Enlightenment idea of science, and its defenders are seen to be correct in insisting that science does produce genuine knowledge of the natural world.

Giere is utterly persuasive in arguing that to criticize the Enlightenment ideal is not to criticize science itself, and that to defend science one need not defend the Enlightenment ideal. Science without Laws thus stakes out a middle ground in these debates by showing us how science can be better conceived in other ways.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Addresses the issue of whether scientific knowledge is objective and universal or socially mediated, and whether scientific truths are independent of human values and beliefs. Although Giere (philosophy, U. of Minnesota) does not question the major findings of modern science, he rejects the notion of science as a uniquely rational activity leading to the discovery of universal truths underlying all natural phenomena. He argues that it is better to understand that what scientists actually do is to develop more or less abstract models of specific aspects of the world. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction: The Science Wars in Perspective 1
Pt. 1 Perspectives on Science Studies
1 Viewing Science 11
2 Explaining Scientific Revolutions 30
3 Science and Technology Studies 56
Pt. 2 Perspectives on Science
4 Naturalism and Realism 69
5 Science without Laws of Nature 84
6 The Cognitive Structure of Scientific Theories 97
7 Visual Models and Scientific Judgment 118
Pt. 3 Perspectives on the Philosophy of Science
Introductionä 149
8 Philosophy of Science Naturalized 151
9 Constructive Realism 174
10 The Feminism Question in the Philosophy of Science 200
11 From Wissenschaftliche Philosophie to Philosophy of Science 217
Conclusion: Underdetermination, Relativism, and Perspectival Realism 237
Notes 243
References 263
Index 281
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