Scientific Advances in Alternative Demilitarization Technologies / Edition 1

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This book assesses a broad range of technologies, proposed throughout the world as alternatives to incineration, for the destruction of chemical warfare agents. Treatment of metal parts and explosive or energetic material is considered as a secondary issue. The technologies are grouped into three categories, based on process bulk operating temperature: low (0-200°C), medium (200-600°C), and high (600-3500°C). The reactions considered include hydrolysis, oxidation, electrochemistry, hydrogenation, and pyrolysis. The technologies include a broad spectrum of processes, some of which have been studied only in the laboratory, whereas others are in commercial use for the destruction of hazardous and toxic wastes.
Audience: Provides engineers and decision makers with an understanding of the state of development of alternative technologies.
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Editorial Reviews

Reviews alternatives to incineration for destroying chemical weapons. Scientists and engineers describe the technologies of choice in various countries, including pre-processing, thermal oxidation, and instrumentation in Poland; molten salt oxidation, plasma catalytic oxidation, and supertoxicants in Russia; supercritical water oxidation and detoxification in Germany; electrochemical oxidation in Britain; and wet air oxidation, and biodegradation in the US. Some of the processes have only been studied in the laboratory, others are in commercial use for destroying hazardous and toxic wastes. The 14 presentations consider the treatment of metal parts and explosives as of secondary importance, and barely mention the problem of decontamination. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780792340355
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 5/31/1996
  • Series: Nato Science Partnership Subseries: 1 (closed) , #6
  • Edition description: 1996
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 176
  • Product dimensions: 0.56 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 6.14 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface; F.W. Holm. Fundamental Chemistry of Chemical Warfare Agents and Interrelationships in Technologies; M. Mikolajczyk. Prospects for Chemical Weapon Destruction in Molten Slag and Metal of Airtight Furnace; A.M. Gonopolsky. High-Temperature Detoxification of Chemical Weapons; A.I. Papusha. Oxidation in Molten Salts and Catalysts: Treatability Study of Model Compounds and Melts; Z.R. Ismagilov, et al. Oxidation in a Catalytic Fluidized Bed: A Promising Technology for Destruction of Hazardous Waste and Chemical Warfare Agents; Z.R. Ismagilov, M.A. Kerzhentsev. A Two-Stage Method of the Destruction of Toxic Agents; Z. Wertejuk, M. Koch. On Using Hydrogenation Processes for Creating CW Destruction Technology; Yu.A. Kolbanovskii. Alternative Ways of Destruction of Supertoxic Chemicals within the Framework of the Multi-Purpose Conversion of Military Industries; N.A. Platé. Demilitarization of Chemical Agents by SCWO; T. Rosendorfer. Wet Air Oxidation; W.G. May. Applications of Biodegradation in Chemical Demilitarization: A Review of Recent Studies by the U.S. Army; G.W. Parshall. The Silver II Process for the Destruction of CW Munitions; R.J. Soilleux. Process for Chemical Destruction of Chemical Weapons Applying Sodium-Technology; E. Bilger. Problems of Selecting a Method for Destruction of Adamsite Abandoned on the Territory of Poland During World War II; M. Sokolowski. Index.
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