The Scientific Attitude: Second Edition / Edition 2by Frederick Grinnell
Pub. Date: 03/06/1992
Publisher: Guilford Publications, Inc.
The Scientific Attitude presents a systematic account of the cognitive and social features of science. Written by an experimental biologist actively engaged in research, the work is unique in its attempt to understand science in terms of day-to-day practice. The book goes beyond the traditional description of science that focuses on method and logic to characterize the scientific attitude as a way of looking at the world.
Table of Contents
2. MAKING OBSERVATIONS. Observing Cells. Analyzing the Cell
Concept. Learning to See Cells. The Cell Gestalt. The
Concept of Life. The Impartiality of Science.
3. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN AND INTERPRETATION. Choosing Problems for Study. Hypotheses and Expectations. The Assumption of
Reproducibility. Seeing Data According to Different
Gestalts. Luck in Science. Explicit and Implicit
Hypotheses. Development of Hypotheses. Structure, Function,
and Organization in Biology.
4. SCIENTIFIC COLLECTIVES: TRANSMISSION OF THE THOUGHT STYLE.
Thought Collectives and Intersubjectivity. Acceptance of
New Discoveries by the Thought Collective. Structure of
Graduate Programs. The Reputation of Graduate Programs.
Graduate Courses and Exams. Thesis Advisors. Structure of
Individual Laboratories. Expanding the Laboratory Thought
Style. The Ph.D. Thesis.
5. SCIENTIFIC COLLECTIVES: MAINTAINING THE THOUGHT STYLE.
Evaluating Prospective Faculty Members. Research Papers.
Research Papers Other Than Formal Papers. Research Funding.
Setting the Agenda for Future Research. The Scientific
6. SCIENTIFIC MISCONDUCT: SCIENCE AT RISK. The Meaning of
Scientific Misconduct. Biological Activity of an Infinitely
Diluted Solution: A Study in Controversy. Error vs.
FraudPart I: The Baltimore Case. Error vs. Fraud
Part II: Why Are They Linked Together? Auditing the
Scientific Literature. The Integrity of Science. Secrecy and Sharing Research Data and Materials. Conflict of
7. SCIENCE AND THE WORLD. The Origins of Science in Everyday
Life Experience. Life Experience Beyond Science. Science and Religion. Science and Ethics. Scientists as People. The
Influence of Politics on Science.
8. CONCLUDING COMMENTS.
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