Scientific Elite: Nobel Laureates in the United States / Edition 1

Scientific Elite: Nobel Laureates in the United States / Edition 1

by Harriet Zuckerman
     
 

ISBN-10: 1560008555

ISBN-13: 9781560008552

Pub. Date: 01/01/1995

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

Scientific Elite is about Nobel prize winners and the well-defined stratification system in twentieth-century science. It tracks the careers of all American laureates who won prizes from 1907 until 1972, examining the complex interplay of merit and privilege at each stage of their scientific lives and the creation of the ultra-elite in science.

The study

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Overview

Scientific Elite is about Nobel prize winners and the well-defined stratification system in twentieth-century science. It tracks the careers of all American laureates who won prizes from 1907 until 1972, examining the complex interplay of merit and privilege at each stage of their scientific lives and the creation of the ultra-elite in science.

The study draws on biographical and bibliographical data on laureates who did their prize-winning research in the United States, and on detailed interviews with forty-one of the fifty-six laureates living in the United States at the time the study was done. Zuckerman finds laureates being successively advantaged as time passes. These advantages are producing growing disparities between the elite and other scientists both in performance and in rewards, which create and maintain a sharply graded stratification system.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781560008552
Publisher:
Transaction Publishers
Publication date:
01/01/1995
Series:
Foundations of Higher Education Series
Edition description:
Reprint
Pages:
335
Product dimensions:
6.08(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.06(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction to the Transaction Edition
Preface and Acknowledgments
Ch. 1Nobel Laureates and Scientific Elites1
Ch. 2The Sociology of the Nobel Prize16
Ch. 3The Social Origins of Laureates59
Ch. 4Masters and Apprentices in Science96
Ch. 5Moving into the Scientific Elite144
Ch. 6The Prize-Winning Research163
Ch. 7After the Prize208
Ch. 8The Nobel Prize and the Accumulation of Advantage in Science243
Appendix A Interviewing an Ultra-elite256
Appendix B Nobel Laureates in Science, 1901-76282
Appendix C Prize-Winning Research: Specialty and Year of Award292
Appendix D Official Occupants of the Forty-first Chair: "Honorable Mentions" for Nobel Prizes296
Appendix E Age-Specific Annual Rates of Productivity of Laureates and a Matched Sample of Scientists Who Survived to Each Age302
Bibliography304
Index of Names327
Index of Subjects332

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