Scientific Farm Animal Production: An Introduction to Animal Science / Edition 8

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The ninth edition of this best-selling book examines the biological principles, scientific relationships, and management practices of livestock production. Blending the discussion of science, disciplines and industries, it effectively introduces readers to Animal Science using a breadth and depth that is unparalleled. Following a logical organization, it first discusses animal products, then basic biological principles (growth, genetics, reproduction, nutrition, health, etc.) and finally the feeding, breeding and management of primary livestock industries. It also gives readers insight into the societal issues surrounding the livestock industry and an overview of the careers and opportunities available within the field.  Offers both breadth and depth that is unparalleled making this a best-seller and frequent reference for livestock producers and students.  Views livestock production from various disciplinessuch as growth, genetics, reproduction, nutrition, lactation, animal health, etc.  Covers eight primary livestock industriesincluding beef, dairy, sheep, swine, horses, poultry, goats, and aquaculture.  Gives insight into the societal issues surrounding the livestock industry.  Includes a separate chapter on Careers - Discusses professions within the production, science, agribusiness, food industry and international sectors.  Uses numerous photographs and line drawings - Communicates key points and major relationships in a quick, visual style.  Basic and sufficiently simple for those with limited livestock experience, Scientific Farm Animal Production is still informative forthose who have a livestock production background; it is an excellent reference work for livestock producers and others desiring an overview of livestock production principles and management.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780130481702
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
  • Publication date: 7/29/2003
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 8
  • Pages: 784
  • Product dimensions: 8.20 (w) x 10.10 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Meet the Author

Robert E. Taylor was raised on an Idaho livestock operation where several livestock species were produced. He received a B.S. degree in animal husbandry and a Master's degree in animal production from Utah State University. This background, combined with his Ph.D. work in animal breeding and physiology from Oklahoma State University, provided much depth to his knowledge of livestock production. He has had practical production experience with beef cattle, dairy cattle, horses, poultry, sheep, and swine.


Dr. Taylor received teaching awards at Iowa State University (where he also managed a swine herd) and at Colorado State University. He also received the Distinguished Teaching Award from the American Society of Animal Science in recognition of his ability to organize and present materials to students. Many of his concepts for effective teaching are used in this book. Dr. Taylor passed away in 1998.


Thomas G. Field was raised on a Colorado cow-calf and seedstock enterprise. He managed a seedstock herd of cattle after completing his B.S. degree. A competitive horseman as a youth, he has had practical experience with seedstock cattle, commercial cow-calf production, stockers, and horses. He has a B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. in animal science from Colorado State University.


Dr. Field has received teaching awards from the USDA National Excellence in Teaching program, the National Association of Colleges and Teachers ofAgriculture, the American Society of Animal Sciences, and Colorado State University. Dr. Field is the teaching coordinator for the Department of Animal Sciences at Colorado State University and is responsible for coordinating the teaching herd.

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Table of Contents

1          Animal Contributions to Human Needs

            Contributions to Food Needs × Contributions to Clothing and Other Nonfood

            Products × Contributions to Work and Power Needs × Animals for Companionship,

            Recreation, and Creativity × Human Health Research × Other Animals


 2         An Overview of the Livestock and Poultry Industries

            U.S. Animal Industries: An Overview × The Beef Industry × The Dairy Cattle

            Industry × The Horse Industry × The Poultry Industry × The Sheep and Goat

            Industry × The Swine Industry × Industry Issues and Challenges


 3         Red Meat Products

            Production × Products × Kosher Meats× Composition × Nutritional Considerations ×

            Consumption × Marketing


 4         By-Products of Meat Animals

            Edible By-Products × Inedible By-Products × The Rendering Industry × Export



 5         Milk and Milk Products

            Milk Production × Milk Composition × Milk Products in the United States × Health

            Considerations × Consumption × Marketing


 6         Poultry and Egg Products

            Poultry Meat and Egg Production × Composition × Poultry Products × Health

            Considerations × Consumption × Marketing


 7         Wool and Mohair

            Growth of Hair, Wool, and Mohair × Factors Affecting the Value of Wool × Classes

            and Grades of Wool × Production of Wool and Mohair × Uses of Wool and Mohair


 8         Market Classes and Grades of Livestock, Poultry, and Eggs

            Market Classes and Grades of Red Meat Animals × Market Classes and Grades of

            Poultry Products


 9         Visual Evaluation of Slaughter Red Meat Animals

            External Body Parts × Location of the Wholesale Cuts in the Live Animal × Visual

            Perspective of Carcass Composition of the Live Animal


10        Reproduction

             Female Organs of Reproduction and Their Functions × Male Organs of

            Reproduction and Their Functions × What Makes Testicles and Ovaries Function ×

            Pregnancy × Parturition


11        Artificial Insemination, Estrous Synchronization, and Embryo Transfer

            Semen Collecting and Processing × Insemination of the Female × Extent of

            Artificial Insemination × Estrous Synchronization × Embryo Transfer


12        Genetics

            Production of Gametes × Spermatogenesis × Oogenesis × Fertilization × DNA

            and RNA × Genes and Chromosomes × Six Fundamental Types of Mating ×

            Multiple Gene Pairs × Gene Interactions × Interactions Between Genes and

             Environment × Biotechnology


13        Genetic Change Through Selection

            Continuous Variation and Many Pairs of Genes × Predicting Genetic Change ×

            Evidence of Genetic Change × Genetic Improvement Through Artificial

            Insemination × Selection Methods × Basis for Selection


14        Mating Systems

            Inbreeding × Outbreeding × Forming New Lines or Breeds


15        Nutrients and Their Functions

            Nutrients × Proximate Analysis of Feeds × Digestibility of Feeds × Energy

            Evaluation of Feeds × Feeds and Feed Composition


16        Digestion and Absorption of Feed

            Carnivorous, Omnivorous, and Herbivorous Animals × Digestive Tract of

            Monogastric Animals × Stomach Compartments of Ruminant Animals × Digestion

            in Monogastric Animals × Digestion in Ruminant Animals


17        Providing Nutrients for Body Functions

            Nutrient Requirements for Body Maintenance × Nutrient Requirements for ×

            Growth × Nutrient Requirements for Fattening × Nutrient Requirements for

            Reproduction × Nutrient Requirements for Lactation × Nutrient Requirements

            for Egg Laying × Nutrient Requirements for Wool Production × Nutrient

            Requirements for Work × Ration Formulation × Nutrient Requirements of



18        Growth and Development

            Prenatal (Livestock) × Birth (Livestock) × Poultry × Basic Anatomy and

            Physiology × Growth Curves × Carcass Composition × Age and Teeth Relationship


19        Lactation       

            Mammary Gland Structure × Mammary Gland Development and Function ×

            Factors Affecting Milk Production × Milk Composition × Colostrum 


20        Adaptation to the Environment

            Major Environmental Effects × Changing the Environment × Changing the



21        Animal Health

             Prevention × Detecting Unhealthy Animals × Major Diseases of Farm Animals


22        Beef Cattle Breeds and Breeding

            What Is a Breed? × Major U.S. Beef Breeds × Improving Beef Cattle Through

            Breeding Methods × Traits and Their Measurement × Bull Selection × Selecting

            Replacement Heifers × Cow Selection × Crossbreeding Programs for Commercial



23        Feeding and Managing Beef Cattle

            Cow-Calf Management × Management for Optimum Calf Crop Percentages ×

            Management for Optimum Weaning Weights × Management for Low Annual Cow

            Costs × Stocker-Yearling Production × Feedlot Cattle Management × Costs

            and Returns


24        Dairy Cattle Breeds and Breeding

            Characteristics of Breeds × Dairy Type × Improving Milk Production ×

            Selection of Dairy Cows × Breeding Dairy Cattle × Sire Selection


25        Feeding and Managing Dairy Cattle

            Nutrition of Lactating Cows × Nutrition of Dry Cows × Nutrition of Replacement

            Heifers × Nutrition of Bulls × Calving Operations × Milking and Housing

            Facilities for Dairy Cows × Milking Operations × Controlling Diseases × Costs

            and Returns


26        Swine Breeds and Breeding

            Characteristics of Swine Breeds × Traits and Their Measurements × Selecting

            Replacement Females × Boar Selection × Effective Use of Performance Records ×

            Crossbreeding for Commercial Swine Producers


27        Feeding and Managing Swine

            Types of Swine Operations × Farrow-to-Finish Operations × Management of

            Purchased Feeder Pigs × Market Management Decisions × Costs and Returns


28        Sheep Breeds and Breeding

            Major U.S. Sheep Breeds × Breeding Sheep × Inherited Abnormalities


29        Feeding and Managing Sheep

            Production Requirements for Farm Flocks × Types of Farm Flock Producers ×

            Feeding Ewes × Care and Management of Farm Flocks × Facilities for Production

            of Range Sheep × Managing Range Sheep × Controlling Diseases and Parasites ×

            Determining the Age of Sheep by Their Teeth × Costs and Returns 


30        Horse Breeds and Breeding

            Breeds of Horses × Breeding Program × Conformation of the Horse × Unsoundness

            and Blemishes of Horses × Gaits of Horses × Ease of Riding and Way of Going ×

            Determining the Age of a Horse by Its Teeth × Donkeys, Mules, and Hinnies


31        Feeding and Managing Horses

            Feeds and Feeding × Managing Horses × Housing and Equipment × Controlling

            Diseases and Parasites


32        Poultry Breeding, Feeding, and Management

             Breeds and Breeding × Feeding and Management × Costs and Returns


33        Goat Breeding, Feeding, and Management

            Importance of Goats × Physiological Characteristics × Characteristics of Breeds

            of Dairy Goats × Care and Management × Controlling Diseases and Parasites ×

            The Angora Goat × The Meat Goat × The Pygmy Goat


34        Animal Behavior

            Major Types of Animal Behavior × Sexual Behavior × Maternal Behavior ×          

            Communication Behavior × Social Behavior × Feeding Behavior × Shelter-

            Seeking Behavior × Investigative Behavior × Allelomimetic Behavior ×

            Maladaptive or Abnormal Behavior


35        Animal Welfare and Animal Rights

            Animal Rights × Animal Welfare × Organizations × Summary


36        Making Effective Management Decisions

            Managing for Lower Costs and Higher Returns × The Manager × Financial

            Management × Income Tax Considerations × Estate and Gift-Tax Planning ×

            Computers × Management Systems


37        Careers and Career Preparation in the Animal Sciences

            Production × Science × Agribusiness × Food Industry × International

            Opportunities × Management Positions × Women in Animal Science Careers ×

            Future Career Opportunities × Career Preparation


38         Aquaculture






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Scientific Farm Animal Production is distinguished by an appropriate combination of both breadth and depth of livestock and poultry production and their respective industries. The book gives an overview of the biological principles applicable to the Animal Sciences with chapters on reproduction, genetics, nutrition, lactation, consumer products, and other subjects. The book also covers the breeding, feeding and management of beef cattle, dairy cattle, horses, sheep, swine, poultry, goats, and aquaculture. Although books have been written on each of these separate chapters, the authors have highlighted the significant biological principles, scientific relationships, and management practices in a condensed but informative manner.


This book is designed as a text for the introductory Animal Science course typically taught at universities and junior or community colleges. It is also a valuable reference book for livestock producers, vocational agriculture instructors, and others desiring an overview of livestock production principles and management. The book is basic and sufficiently simple for the urban student with limited livestock experience, yet challenging for the student who has a livestock production background.


Chapters 1 through 9 cover animal products. Chapters 10 through 22 discuss the biological principles. Livestock, poultry, and aquaculture management practices and issues are presented in Chapters 23 through 38.

The glossary of the terms, used throughout the book, has been expanded so students can readily become familiar with animal science terminology. The bold lettered words in the text areincluded in the glossary. Additionally, key words are provided at the end of each chapter as an aid to student learning.

Many illustrations in the form of photographs and line drawings are used throughout the book to communicate key points and major relationships. If "a picture is worth a thousand words," the numerous photographs and drawings expand the usefulness of the book beyond its pages.

Selected references are provided for each chapter to direct students into greater depth and breadth as they become intrigued with certain topics. Instructors can also use the references to expand their knowledge in current background material. Also included in the selected references section are references to visuals that relate to the specific chapter. Instructors are encouraged to review these visuals and use those that will enrich their course.

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