Scientific Information in Wartime: The Allied-German Rivalry, 1939-1945

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Overview

This book describes how the growing awareness of the strategic importance of science in the 1930s caused the Allied and German leadership to build scientific information supply systems that survived into the postwar era. Using archival materials from five countries, Richards traces the successes and failures of these early scientific intelligence agencies. She focuses on the OSS unit supplying copy for the US government's wartime program to reprint current German scientific journals. She describes as well the methods used by the OSS to spirit individual journal issues from inside the Reich to microfilm squads on Germany's periphery, and gives special attention to the Allied quest for information about the mythical German atomic bomb. Richards also describes the supply system set up by the Nazi government, and how its increasing desperation for Allied scientific news led in the last year of the war to a submarine landing of Abwehr agents on the U.S. coast to microfilm periodicals at the New York Public Library. The final chapter of her book looks at how the wartime experience with scientific information influenced postwar patterns of scientific documentation and librarianship in each country.

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Product Details

Meet the Author

PAMELA SPENCE RICHARDS is Professor of Library and Information Studies at Rutgers University.

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Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction
1 The Internationalization of Science and Scientific Information in the Twentieth Century 1
2 National Government Support for Scientific Information in Great Britain and the United States before World War II 23
3 National Government Support for Scientific Information in Germany before World War II 43
4 The Allied Wartime Supply System for Enemy Scientific Information 73
5 Germany's Wartime Supply System for Enemy Scientific Information 101
6 Postwar Consequences 125
Appendix A: List of Journals Available in Reprint from the Office of Alien Property Custodian 139
Appendix B: Title Page, Prefatory Material and First Contents Page of the First Issue of the Referatenblatt, Issued Collaboratively by the Information Centers of the Welt-Wirtschafts Institut in Hamburg and the Technische Hochschule in Berlin, 1942 151
References 161
Index 169
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