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Scientific Method: A Historical and Philosophical Introduction / Edition 1
     

Scientific Method: A Historical and Philosophical Introduction / Edition 1

by Barry Gower
 

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ISBN-10: 0415122821

ISBN-13: 9780415122825

Pub. Date: 12/10/1996

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

The central theme running throughout this outstanding new survey is the nature of the philosophical debate created by modern science's foundation in experimental and mathematical method. More recently, recognition that reasoning in science is probabilistic generated intense debate about whether and how it should be constrained so as to ensure the practical

Overview

The central theme running throughout this outstanding new survey is the nature of the philosophical debate created by modern science's foundation in experimental and mathematical method. More recently, recognition that reasoning in science is probabilistic generated intense debate about whether and how it should be constrained so as to ensure the practical certainty of the conclusions drawn. These debates brought to light issues of a philosophical nature which form the core of many scientific controversies today. Scientific Method: A Historical and Philosophical Introduction presents these debates through clear and comparative discussion of key figures in the history of science. Key chapters critically discuss
* Galileo's demonstrative method, Bacon's inductive method, and Newton's rules of reasoning
* the rise of probabilistic 'Bayesian' methods in the eighteenth century
* the method of hypotheses through the work of Herschel, Mill and Whewell
* the conventionalist views of Poincaré and Duhem
* the inductivism of Peirce, Russell and Keynes
* Popper's falsification compared with Reichenbach's enumerative induction
* Carnap's scientific method as Bayesian reasoning

The debates are brought up to date in the final chapters by considering the ways in which ideas about method in the physical and biological sciences have affected thinking about method in the social sciences. This debate is analyzed through the ideas of key theorists such as Kuhn, Lakatos, and Feyerabend.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780415122825
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
12/10/1996
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
288
Product dimensions:
6.25(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

1 Introduction 2 Galileo Galilei: New Methods for a New Science 3 Francis Bacon: Why Experiments Matter 4 Isaac Newton: Rules for Reasoning Scientifically 5 The Bernoullis and Thomas Bayes: Probability and Scientific Method 6 John Herschel, John Stuart Mill and William

Whewell: the Uses of Hypotheses 7 Henri Poincare and Pierre Duhem: Conventions and Scientific Reasoning 8 John Venn and Charles Pierce: Probabilities as Frequencies 9 John Maynard Keynes and Frank Ramsey: Probability Logic 10 Hans Reichenbach and Karl Popper: the

(In)despensability of induction 11 Rudolf Carnap: Scientific Method as Bayesian Reasoning 12 Conclusion: Experimental Interventions and Social Constructions

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