The Scientific Revolution in National Context / Edition 1

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Overview

The 'Scientific Revolution' of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries continues to command attention in historical debate. What was its nature? How did it develop? Controversy still rages about the extent to which it was essentially a 'revolution of the mind', or how far it must also be explained by wider considerations, social, economic, political and cultural.

In this volume, leading scholars of early modern science argue the importance of specifically national contexts for understanding the transformation in natural philosophy between Copernicus and Newton. Distinct political, religious, cultural and linguistic formations shaped scientific interests and concerns differently in Italy, France, Britain, the Germanies, Spain, and so on, and explain different levels of scientific intensity. Questions of institutional development, and of the transmission of scientific ideas, are also addressed. The emphasis upon national determinants makes this volume an entirely original contribution to the study of the Scientific Revolution.

This volume forms part of a sequence of collections of essays which began with The Enlightenment in national context (1981) and has continued with Romanticism in national context (1988), Fin de siecle and its legacy (1990), and The Renaissance in national context (1991). Several other volumes are in preparation. The purpose of these and other envisaged collections is to bring together comparative, national and interdisciplinary approaches to the history of great movements in the development of human thought and action.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"...I would recommend it for its attempt to address the interplay between the cosmopolitan nature of the scientific enterprise and specific national contexts." Mordechai Feingold, Science

"The essays argue for two competing models of scientific culture: the humanist republic of letters in which natural philosophers made their reputation and the local world in whcih they made their fortunes....the contributors to this volume...open up many interesting avenues worthy of further exploration regarding the relationship between ideas and the context in which they develop." Paula Findlen, Sixteenth Century Journal

"The "Scientific Revolution" of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries continues to command attention in historical debate. What was its nature? How did it develop....leading scholars of early modern science argue the importance of specifically national contexts for understanding the transformation in natural philosophy between Copernicus and Newton....The emphasis on national determinants makes this volume an entirely original contribution to the study of the scientific revolution." Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society

"...The essays in general are very good indeed, and the endnotes are a bibliographic goldmine. This volujme succeeds in drawing our attention to the importance of national factors in the development of science and as a result adds considerable richness and complexity to the term "Scientific Revolution." Jim Llana, Renaissance Quarterly

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521396998
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 10/28/1992
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 320
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 8.98 (h) x 0.71 (d)

Table of Contents

Notes on contributors
Acknowledgements
Introduction 1
1 Scientific Revolution, social bricolage, and etiquette 11
2 The Scientific Revolution in France 55
3 The Scientific Revolution in the German Nations 90
4 The new philosophy in the Low Countries 115
5 The Scientific Revolution in Poland 150
6 The Scientific Revolution in Spain and Portugal 158
7 The Scientific Revolution in England 178
8 The Scientific Revolution in Bohemia 210
9 Instituting science in Sweden 240
10 The Scientific Revolution in Scotland 263
Index 288
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