Scripture Cannot Be Broken: The Social Function of the Use of Scripture in the Fourth Gospel

Scripture Cannot Be Broken: The Social Function of the Use of Scripture in the Fourth Gospel

by Jaime Clark-Soles
     
 

ISBN-10: 039104141X

ISBN-13: 9780391041417

Pub. Date: 06/01/2003

Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.

Using sociological tools, Clark-Soles explores the ways in which the author of the Fourth Gospel deploys scripture to form his sectarian community. Part of the study devotes attention to both the Qumran and Branch Davidian sects.

Overview

Using sociological tools, Clark-Soles explores the ways in which the author of the Fourth Gospel deploys scripture to form his sectarian community. Part of the study devotes attention to both the Qumran and Branch Davidian sects.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780391041417
Publisher:
Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.
Publication date:
06/01/2003
Pages:
362
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsvii
Chapter 1Introduction1
The Question1
Questions Usually Posed2
Useful Predecessors4
J. Louis Martyn4
Nils A. Dahl6
Wayne A. Meeks7
Method of Inquiry8
Chapter 2Sociological Models10
Wayne A. Meeks on Early Christianity12
Rodney Stark on Early Christianity15
Shaye Cohen on Second Temple Judaism18
A New Proposal20
Charting Results24
The Production of Culture24
Relationship Between Sect and Parent Tradition37
Establishing Distance37
Applied Theory39
Capitalizing on Closeness46
Creating a Distinct Way of Life47
Ethics and Ritual Practices47
Language and Rhetoric49
Sacred Texts52
Role of Authoritative Leaders53
Definition of the Future54
Opposition from within the Sect54
Opposition from Without54
Judgment against Opponents55
Growing the Sect55
Excursus: A History of Church and Sect56
Sect-Cult Distinctions62
Why Label the Group?63
Conclusion65
Chapter 3The Qumran Community66
Why Qumran?66
The Origins of the Sect67
The Evidence from Qumran69
Exegesis at Qumran71
Pesherite Exegesis75
Explicit Citations77
Allusions79
Analysis of Primary Sources80
Pesher Habakkuk80
The Damascus Document93
4QMMT105
Indirect Use of Scripture in 4QMMT116
Charting Results118
Conclusions121
Formation of the Sect121
Creating a Distinct Way of Life124
Loci of Authority126
Scripture126
Leaders128
Definition of the Future130
Opponents130
Parent Tradition131
Sect-Defectors132
The "World"133
Growing the Sect134
Conclusion134
Chapter 4The Branch Davidian Community136
Introduction136
Primary Sources144
Analysis of Primary Sources146
Formation of the Sect146
Former Leaders and Their Works155
Loci of Authority156
Scripture156
Leader162
Koresh's Authority162
Koresh's Technique168
Ethics173
Opponents178
The World178
The Church179
The (Other) Adventists181
Sect-Defectors185
Scholars188
Growing the Sect191
Creating a Sense of Belonging193
Charting Results197
Conclusion202
Chapter 5The Community of the Fourth Gospel207
Roles of Narrative in the Life of a Sect208
Roles of Scripture Embedded in a Narrative211
Scripture221
Excursus: 5:31-47241
7:14-24250
7:37-52252
Jesus' Own Words294
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[characters not reproducible]303
Allusions311
Charting Results314
Chapter 6Conclusions316
Formation of the Sect316
Creating a Distinct Way of Life319
Ethical Behavior319
Ritual Practice321
Loci of Authority322
Scripture322
Roles of Authoritative Leaders325
Definition of the Future328
Opponents329
Parent Tradition329
Sect-Defectors331
The World332
The Government333
Judgment against Opponents334
Growing the Sect335
Creating a Sense of Belonging336
Success of the Group341
The Potency of Scripture342
Bibliography343
Index of Ancient Sources353
Index of Authors361

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