Scuba Diving: Trailslide Guide


The only YMCA/Scuba-sanctioned guide to the wonders of the underwater world.
Whether it's the balmy waters of a tropical coral reef, a wreck in Lake Michigan, the kelp forests of Monterey Bay, the icy waters of the North Sea, or the caves of a Florida spring, scuba diving is a way to explore the world beneath the surface. Trailside Scuba Diving is a comprehensive diving guide that includes all the information divers need to get started on this exciting sport. It reviews the ...

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The only YMCA/Scuba-sanctioned guide to the wonders of the underwater world.
Whether it's the balmy waters of a tropical coral reef, a wreck in Lake Michigan, the kelp forests of Monterey Bay, the icy waters of the North Sea, or the caves of a Florida spring, scuba diving is a way to explore the world beneath the surface. Trailside Scuba Diving is a comprehensive diving guide that includes all the information divers need to get started on this exciting sport. It reviews the information standard in all certification courses, with chapters on gear, diving planning, safety and first aid, the science of diving and how it affects the human body, diving techniques, the underwater environment, and using dive tables and computers. It also introduces divers to new opportunities and skills such as underwater photography, navigation, wreck diving, night diving, and cold-water diving. With an emphasis on safety and a respect for the underwater environment, author and diver Karen Berger introduces divers to a magical new world, and gives them the tools to pursue their exploration of "inner space." Consulting with author Karen Berger on this guide is the YMCA/Scuba program. The YMCA was the first agency to organize a nationwide course in scuba diver training and today offers one of the most thorough and comprehensive diver training programs available.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780393319446
  • Publisher: Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
  • Publication date: 7/28/2000
  • Series: Trailside Guides
  • Edition description: (Trailside)
  • Pages: 224
  • Sales rank: 1,421,391
  • Product dimensions: 5.60 (w) x 8.30 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Karen Berger, author of the best-selling Hiking and Backpacking: A Trailside Guide, has hiked over 15,000 miles, including the Appalachian Trail, the Pacific Crest Trail, and the Continental Divide Trail.

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Table of Contents

Introduction 7
Chapter 1 The Underwater World 9
Scuba: A Brief History 10
Recreational Diving 12
Kinds of Diving 14
Certification 15
How to Choose a Dive School 16
The Course 17
Continuing Education 21
Chapter 2 Skin Diving 23
Gear 25
Masks 25
Keep Your Mask Down 28
If You Wear Eyeglasses 29
Snorkels 30
Snorkel Keepers 31
Fins 32
Avoid Fin Blisters 32
Equipment Care 34
Exposure Suits 35
Dive Flags and Floats 35
Weights 35
Keep Snorkels to Your Left 36
Snorkeling Vest 37
Techniques 37
Mask Clearing 37
Snorkel Clearing 37
Breath-Hold Diving Safety 38
Free-Diving 39
Breathing 39
Ups and Downs 39
Air Pressure and Free-Divers 40
Chapter 3 Gearing Up 41
What to Wear 42
Body Suits 42
Wet Suits 43
Full Scuba Gear 45
Getting Dressed 46
Dry Suits 48
Which Suit Suits You? 49
Exposure Accessories 50
Suit Up Booties 50
Buddy, Can You Spare a Snorkel Keeper? 51
Maintaining Your Wardrobe 52
Snorkels, Masks, and Fins 53
Snorkels 53
Masks 53
Mask Strap 53
Fins 54
What's My Flipper Doing on Your Foot? 54
How You Breathe 55
Tanks 55
Maintaining Your Tanks and Valves 55
Valves 57
Regulators 58
What Do All Those Hoses Do? 59
Maintaining Your Regulator 60
Submersible Pressure Gauges 61
Information Instruments 62
Floating and Sinking 64
Buoyancy Compensator 64
BC Inflator/Deflator 65
Weights 66
Maintaining Your BC 66
How Much Weight Do I Need? 67
Accessories 68
Lights 68
Packing an Equipment Bag 69
Knives 70
Surface Float 70
Slates and Tables 71
Collecting Bag 72
To Rent or Buy? 72
Emergency Signaling Devices 73
Chapter 4 Getting into the Water 75
Pre-Dive Safety Check 75
Entrances 77
Surface Swimming 80
Coping with Surface Conditions 80
Regulator Free Flow 80
Snorkel-to-Regulator Exchange 82
Descending 82
Position 83
Equalizing Your Ears 83
How to Descend 84
Equalizing 84
Rate 85
Using a Reference Line 85
Breathing 85
Air Consumption 85
The Primary Rule of SCUBA Diving 86
Deflating Your BC 87
Learning to Breathe 88
Retrieving Your Regulator 88
Airway Control 89
Moving Underwater 89
Buoyancy Control 90
Practicing Buoyancy Control 90
Ascending 91
Position 92
Rate of Ascent 92
Controlling Your Ascent 93
Ground Rules for Safe Diving 93
Out of Air! 94
Alternate Air Source 94
Your Buddy's Alternate Second Stage 94
Buddy Breathing on a Single Air Source 95
Controlled Emergency Swimming Ascent 96
Exits 97
Natural Environments 97
Man-Made Environments 97
Chapter 5 Dive Tables 99
Different Agencies 100
Dive Tables 101
How Long Can I Dive? 104
Single Dives 104
Repetitive Groups and Multiple Dives 105
Safety Stops 105
Surface Intervals 106
Repetitive Dives: Residual Nitrogen Time 107
Multiple Repetitive Dives 109
Minimum Surface Intervals 109
Dive Profiles 109
Decompression Stops 110
Rules for Multiple Dives 110
Flying After Diving 111
Chapter 6 Health and Safety 113
Before you Dive 115
Dan (Divers Alert Network) First Aid Kit for SCUBA Divers 116
Diving First AID 117
Seasickness 117
Sunburn 118
Oxygen 118
Hyperthermia and Dehydration 119
Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke 121
Hypothermia 121
Divers Alert Network 122
Overexertion 123
Cramps 124
Contaminated Air 123
Squeezes and Blocks 123
The "Bends" 124
Relieving a Cramp 124
Lung Overexpansion 126
Nitrogen Narcosis 126
Oxygen Toxicity 127
Treating for Shock 127
Assisting A Diver 128
Distress Signals 128
Stress and Panic 129
Assisting a Tired Diver 129
Commonsense Safety 130
Under the Surface 131
Rescue Breathing 131
Marine Plants and Animals 132
First Aid for Stings 133
Stingers 134
Stabbers 135
Biters 136
Entanglement 138
Lacerations 138
Chapter 7 Dive Smart 139
The Buddy System 139
Communicating with Your Buddy 141
Bottom Time and Your Buddy 142
Air Consumption and Your Buddy 143
Where'd She Go? 145
Solo Diving: A Warning 145
Where to Dive 146
Dive Centers 146
Know Before You Go: Questions to Discuss with Your Buddy 146
Independent Diving 148
Planning Major Trips 148
Conditions 149
Water Movement 150
Visibility 153
Sea-Floor Morphology 154
Bottom Composition 154
Temperature 155
Weather 155
Freshwater Considerations 155
Obstacles and Hazards 156
Diving Smart 156
Step 1 Site Selection 156
Step 2 Planning for Safety 157
Step 3 Day of the Dive 157
Step 4 At the Dive Site 158
Gear Check 158
Step 5 Diving Your Plan 159
Step 6 After the Dive 159
The Logbook 159
Leave-no-Trace Diving 161
Boat Protocol and Boat Diving Tips 161
Chapter 8 Beyond the Basics 165
Navigation 166
Finding the Site 167
Underwater Navigation 167
Anatomy of A Dive Compass 169
The Out-and-Back Pattern 171
Finding Your Way 172
Underwater Photography 173
Photography Basics 174
Equipment 176
Good Photography 178
Caring for Equipment 179
Skills 179
Deep Diving 180
Hazards of Deep Diving 181
Equipment 181
Dive Deep, Dive Safe 183
Night Diving 185
Signing in the Dark 186
Training 187
Night-Diving Equipment 187
Night-Diving Techniques 189
Preventing Nightmares 189
Wreck Diving 191
Wreck-Diving Stategies 192
Wreck-Diving Hazards 193
Other Specialties 194
The Science of Diving 195
Responsible Diver's Code 205
Glossary 208
Sources & Resources 210
Photo Credits 220
Index 221
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