Seamounts: Ecology, Fisheries & Conservation

Overview

Seamounts are ubiquitous undersea mountains rising from the ocean seafloor. There are likely many hundreds of thousands of seamounts, they are usually formed from volcanoes in the deep sea and are defined by oceanographers as independent features that rise to at least 0.5 km above the seafloor, although smaller features may have the same origin. This book follows a logical progression from geological and physical processes, ecology, biology and biogeography, to exploitation, management and conservation concerns. ...
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Overview

Seamounts are ubiquitous undersea mountains rising from the ocean seafloor. There are likely many hundreds of thousands of seamounts, they are usually formed from volcanoes in the deep sea and are defined by oceanographers as independent features that rise to at least 0.5 km above the seafloor, although smaller features may have the same origin. This book follows a logical progression from geological and physical processes, ecology, biology and biogeography, to exploitation, management and conservation concerns. In 21 Chapters written by 57 of the world's leading seamount experts, the book reviews all aspects of their geology, ecology, biology, exploitation, conservation and management.

This book represents a unique and fresh synthesis of knowledge of seamounts and their biota and is an essential reference work on the topic. It is an essential purchase for all fisheries scientists and managers, fish biologists, marine biologists and ecologists, environmental scientists, conservation biologists and oceanographers. It will also be of interest to members of fish and wildlife agencies and government departments covering conservation and management.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"This book is a very important contribution to the seamount field and I feel safe in predicting that it will be valuable resource for researchers and stakeholders for many years to come." (Environmental Conservation, December 2008)

"A brilliant and very useful book about a very important topic. An impressive collaboration." (Ausmarine)

"A Brilliant and very useful book about a very important topic. An impressive collaboration." (Work Boat World)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781405133432
  • Publisher: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 1/3/2008
  • Series: Fish and Aquatic Resources Series , #7
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 552
  • Product dimensions: 7.10 (w) x 9.92 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Tony J. Pitcher Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Telmo Morato Department of Oceanography and Fisheries, University of the Azores, Horta, Portugal

Paul J.B. Hart Department of Biology, University of Leicester, United Kingdom

Malcolm R. Clark National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Wellington, New Zealand

Nigel Haggan Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Ricardo S. Santos Department of Oceanography and Fisheries, University of the Azores, Horta, Portugal

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Table of Contents


List of Contributors     viii
Series Editors Foreword     xiv
Preface     xvii
Publisher's Acknowledgement     xxii
Acknowledgements     xxiii
Introduction and characterization of seamounts     1
Seamount characteristics   Paul Wessel     3
How many seamounts are there and where are they located?   Adrian Kitchingman   Sherman Lai   Telmo Morato   Daniel Pauly     26
A history of seamount research   Paul E. Brewin   Karen I. Stocks   Gui Menezes     41
Biophysical coupling on seamounts     63
Physical processes and seamount productivity   Martin White   Igor Bashmachnikov   Javier Aristegui   Ana Martins     65
Seamount plankton dynamics   Amatzia Genin   John F. Dower     85
Midwater fish assemblages and seamounts   Filipe M. Porteiro   Tracey Sutton     101
Biology and ecology of seamount organisms     117
Seamount benthos   Sarah Samadi   Thomas Schlacher   Bertrand Richer de Forges     119
Corals on seamounts   Alex D. Rogers   Amy Baco   HuwGriffiths   Thomas Hart   Jason M. Hall-Spencer     141
Seamount fishes: ecology and life histories   Telmo Morato   Malcolm R. Clark     170
Fish visitors to seamounts     189
Tunas and billfish at seamounts   Kim N. Holland   R. Dean Grubbs     189
Aggregations of large pelagic sharks above seamounts   Feodor Litvinov     202
Seamounts and cephalopods   Malcolm Clarke     207
Air-breathing visitors to seamounts     230
Marine mammals   Kristin Kaschner     230
Sea turtles   Marco A. Santos   Alan B. Bolten   Helen R. Martins   Brian Riewald   Karen A. Bjorndal     239
Importance of seamounts to seabirds   David R. Thompson     245
Synoptic views of seamounts     253
Biogeography and biodiversity of seamounts   Karen I. Stocks   Paul J.B. Hart     255
Raiding the larder: a quantitative evaluation framework and trophic signature for seamount food webs   Tony J. Pitcher   Cathy Bulman     282
Modelling seamount ecosystems and their fisheries   Beth Fulton   Telmo Morato   Tony J. Pitcher      296
Exploitation, management and conservation     333
Small-scale fishing on seamounts   Helder Marques da Silva   Mario Rui Pinho     335
Large-scale distant-water trawl fisheries on seamounts   Malcolm R. Clark   Vladimir I. Vinnichenko   John D.M. Gordon   Georgy Z. Beck-Bulat   Nikolai N. Kukharev   Alexander F. Kakora     361
Catches from world seamount fisheries   Reg Watson   Adrian Kitchingman   William W. Cheung     400
Impacts of fisheries on seamounts   Malcolm R. Clark   J. Anthony Koslow     413
Management and conservation of seamounts   P. Keith Probert   Sabine Christiansen   Kristina M. Gjerde   Susan Gubbay   Ricardo S. Santos     442
The depths of ignorance: an ecosystem evaluation framework for seamount ecology, fisheries and conservation   Tony J. Pitcher   Telmo Morato   Paul J.B. Hart   Malcolm R. Clark   Nigel Haggan   Ricardo S. Santos     476
Glossary     489
Subject Index     499
Author Index     511
Species Index     523
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