Search for a Common European Foreign and Security Policy: Leaders, Cognitions, and Questions of Insitutional Viability [NOOK Book]

Overview

In the 1970s, Henry Kissinger famously lamented, "Who do I call if I want to call Europe?" Kissinger's implication was clear: Although Europe was moving toward a union, it lacked the necessary coherence to grapple with emerging international issues. Since then, the institutional momentum of the EU toward a common foreign and security policy has increased considerably. Yet, the viability of this institutionalization effort is questionable. This book advances a new perspective on this paradox, arguing that in order...
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Search for a Common European Foreign and Security Policy: Leaders, Cognitions, and Questions of Insitutional Viability

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Overview

In the 1970s, Henry Kissinger famously lamented, "Who do I call if I want to call Europe?" Kissinger's implication was clear: Although Europe was moving toward a union, it lacked the necessary coherence to grapple with emerging international issues. Since then, the institutional momentum of the EU toward a common foreign and security policy has increased considerably. Yet, the viability of this institutionalization effort is questionable. This book advances a new perspective on this paradox, arguing that in order to understand institutional success and failure one must investigate the changing cognitive propensities of leaders in key states forming the institution.

About the Author:
Akan Malici is Assistant Professor at Furman University in South Carolina

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"This book has the potential to dramatically revise the way international institutions are studied in the fields of foreign policy and international relations. Rather than fall into the endogeneity trap posed by examining structural features of institutions as causes of institutional viability, Malici develops a cognitive theory that locates causality in the agents that constitute institutions. This theory is explored through at-a-distance techniques used to analyze leaders’ psychological characteristics so that we can uncover their preferences when confronted with real world decision problems. Why do European ambitions toward a common foreign and security policy sometimes fail and sometimes succeed? The novel answer provided by this book is that the preferences of leaders matter, as the insightful case studies of British, French and German leaders dealing with Kosovo, Afghanistan and Iraq clearly demonstrate. More importantly, the approach developed in this book could fruitfully be applied to many cases requiring intergovernmental institutional cooperation, including the current nuclear crises with Iran and North Korea. This is an important and timely contribution to the study of international affairs."—Cameron G. Thies, University of Missouri-Columbia

"Akan Malici is a major young scholar in political psychology today because of his excellent application of modern methods to broader subjects in the discipline of political science. Here he argues that the psychology of European leaders plays a crucial role in institutional development in the European Union. Two things stand out about the book: (1) the smart theoretical premise that institutional viability requires some level of cognitive compatibility among the actors involved; and (2) the rich empirical investigation that looks at the role of actors' cognitions across three fascinating case studies. This is an important and timely work."—Mark Schafer, Louisiana State University

"This book makes a convincing theoretical and empirical case for the importance of beliefs and leadership in the foreign and security policies of the European Union. Using some of the latest methods of content analysis to identify the beliefs of British, French, and German leaders during foreign policy crises over Kosovo, Afghanistan, and Iraq, Malici analyzes the degree and type of compatibility among their respective belief systems. He is able to measure systematically internal cognitive consensus within each state plus their convergence and divergence across states, which the author argues determines the institutional viability of the EU’s security regime for dealing with external threats. The implications of the analysis extend beyond the EU’s operation to challenge theoretical assumptions about the importance of agents in systemic theories of international relations and foreign policy analysis."—Stephen G. Walker, Professor Emeritus, Arizona State University

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Akan Malici is Assistant Professor at Furman University in South Carolina. He is the author of When Leaders Learn and When They Don’t (SUNY Press, 2008). His articles have been published in Political Psychology, The Jourbanal of Conflict Resolution, Foreign Policy Analysis and Psicologia Politica.

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Table of Contents

List of Figures     vii
List of Tables     ix
Preface     xi
List of Abbreviations     xv
The Argument
Political Leadership and Security Integration     3
The Argument in Brief     5
The Institutional Evolution of European Security     7
The Institutional Problematique     12
Relevance     14
Plan of the Book     15
A Cognitive Theory of Institutional Viability     17
Leaders and International Institutions     18
Institutions as Shared Mental Models     20
Forming Mental Models     23
Discerning Mental Models     25
Manifestations of Mental Models     27
The Cases
The Kosovo War     37
The Origins of the Kosovo Crisis     37
Internationalization of the Conflict     42
Mental Models in the Kosovo Crisis     45
France     48
Great Britain     54
Germany     61
Conclusion     67
The Afghanistan War     71
The Origins of the War     71
Internationalization of the Conflict     76
Mental Models After 9/11     79
France     81
Great Britain     87
Germany     94
Conclusion     99
The Iraq War     103
The Origins of the Iraq Crisis     103
Internationalization of the Crisis     108
Mental Models in the Iraq Crisis     112
France     114
Great Britain     120
Germany     129
Conclusion     136
The Implications
Conclusions and Implications: A European Common Foreign and Security Policy?     141
The Lessons of Kosovo, Afghanistan, and Iraq     142
The Crisis with Iran     147
The Crisis with North Korea     150
Theorizing Europe's Common Foreign and Security Policy     153
Questions of World Order     155
Notes     161
Bibliography     189
Index     217
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