The Second Crusade: Extending the Frontiers of Christendom

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The Second Crusade (1145-1149) was an extraordinarily bold attempt to overcome unbelievers on no less than three fronts. Crusader armies set out to defeat Muslims in the Holy Land and in Iberia as well as pagans in northeastern Europe. But, to the shock and dismay of a society raised on the triumphant legacy of the First Crusade, only in Iberia did they achieve any success. This book, the first in 140 years devoted to the Second Crusade, fills a major gap in our understanding of the Crusades and their importance in medieval European history.

Historian Jonathan Phillips draws on the latest developments in Crusade studies to cast new light on the origins, planning, and execution of the Second Crusade, some of its more radical intentions, and its unprecedented ambition. With original insights into the legacy of the First Crusade and the roles of Pope Eugenius III and King Conrad III of Germany, Phillips offers the definitive work on this neglected Crusade that, despite its failed objectives, exerted a profound impact across Europe and the eastern Mediterranean.

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Editorial Reviews

Malcolm Barber
“This is an excellent book, which takes full account of both primary sources and the many debates in the secondary literature. No other book offers a modern synthesis of the subject in the light of recent developments in crusading studies.”—Professor Malcolm Barber, University of Reading
The International History Review - John France
"This account . . . will be valued by specialists because of its scholarly approach and by undergraduates and general readers because it is written in a clear and accessible style. . . . [A] brilliant analysis of the European situation in 1145 . . . Excellent."—John France, The International History Review
Speculum: A Journal of Medieval Studies - Thomas F. Madden
"[The Second Crusade] constitutes an important achievement. It synthesizes a great deal of previous scholarship while bringing new sources and new interpretations to the discussion. It fills a large historiographical gap with erudite precision."—Thomas F. Madden, Speculum: A Journal of Medieval Studies
The International History Review

"This account . . . will be valued by specialists because of its scholarly approach and by undergraduates and general readers because it is written in a clear and accessible style. . . . [A] brilliant analysis of the European situation in 1145 . . . Excellent."—John France, The International History Review

— John France

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780300164756
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • Publication date: 4/20/2010
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 336
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Jonathan Phillips is Professor of Crusading History, Royal Holloway, University of London. He has published extensively on the subject, including The Crusades, 1095–1197 and The Fourth Crusade and the Sack of Constantinople. He lives in Berkshire, UK.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgements ix

Abbreviations xi

List of Maps xv

List of Illustrations xvi

Prologue: The Fall of Edessa, December 1144 xvii

Introduction xxiii

Chapter 1 Ongoing Contact between the Latin East and the West and the Development of Crusading, 1099–1145 1

Chapter 2 The Legacy of the First Crusade in Writing, Reputations and Architecture 17

Chapter 3 Quantum praedecessores: The Crusade Appeal of Pope Eugenius III – Context and Content 37

Chapter 4 The Launch of the Second Crusade: Bourges, Vézelay and the Preaching Message of Bernard of Clairvaux 61

Chapter 5 Bernard's Preaching Tour to Flanders and Germany: the Attacks on the Jews and the Recruitment of King Conrad III 80

Chapter 6 People, Practicalities and Motivation 99

Chapter 7 The Final Preparations of Louis and Conrad: Diplomacy, Regency and Ceremonial 115

Chapter 8 The Conquest of Lisbon 136

Chapter 9 Conrad's March to Constantinople and into Asia Minor 168

Chapter 10 The March of Louis VII to Constantinople and into Asia Minor 185

Chapter 11 The Crusade at Antioch and the Siege of Damascus 207

Chapter 12 The Wendish Crusade 228

Chapter 13 Crusading in Iberia: Almería, Jaen, Tortosa and Lérida 244

Chapter 14 The Aftermath of the Second Crusade in the Holy Land and the West 269

Appendix 1 Translation of Quantum praedecessores 280

Appendix 2 Translation of Chevalier, mult estes guariz 283

Notes 285

Bibliography 330

Index 349

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