The Second Information Revolution [NOOK Book]

Overview

Thanks to inexpensive computers and data communications, the speed and volume of human communication are exponentially greater than they were even a quarter-century ago. Not since the advent of the telephone and telegraph in the nineteenth century has information technology changed daily life so radically. We are in the midst of what Gerald Brock calls a second information revolution.

Brock traces the complex history of this revolution, from its roots in World War II through the...

See more details below
The Second Information Revolution

Available on NOOK devices and apps  
  • NOOK Devices
  • Samsung Galaxy Tab 4 NOOK
  • NOOK HD/HD+ Tablet
  • NOOK
  • NOOK Color
  • NOOK Tablet
  • Tablet/Phone
  • NOOK for Windows 8 Tablet
  • NOOK for iOS
  • NOOK for Android
  • NOOK Kids for iPad
  • PC/Mac
  • NOOK for Windows 8
  • NOOK for PC
  • NOOK for Mac
  • NOOK for Web

Want a NOOK? Explore Now

NOOK Book (eBook)
$35.49
BN.com price
(Save 42%)$61.50 List Price

Overview

Thanks to inexpensive computers and data communications, the speed and volume of human communication are exponentially greater than they were even a quarter-century ago. Not since the advent of the telephone and telegraph in the nineteenth century has information technology changed daily life so radically. We are in the midst of what Gerald Brock calls a second information revolution.

Brock traces the complex history of this revolution, from its roots in World War II through the bursting bubble of the Internet economy. As he explains, the revolution sprang from an interdependent series of technological advances, entrepreneurial innovations, and changes to public policy. Innovations in radar, computers, and electronic components for defense projects translated into rapid expansion in the private sector, but some opportunities were blocked by regulatory policies. The contentious political effort to accommodate new technology while protecting beneficiaries of the earlier regulated monopoly eventually resulted in a regulatory structure that facilitated the explosive growth in data communications. Brock synthesizes these complex factors into a readable economic history of the wholesale transformation of the way we exchange and process information.



Table of Contents:

Acknowledgments
Abbreviations

1. Introduction
The Promise of Regulation
Conceptual Framework

2. The First Information Revolution
The Development of Telegraph Services
The Telephone and State Regulation
Radio and Federal Regulation

3. Technological Origins of the Second Information Revolution, 1940-1950
Radar
The Transistor
Electronic Digital Computers

4. The SAGE Project

I. THE SEPARATE WORLDS OF COMPUTERS AND COMMUNICATIONS, 1950-1968

5. The Early Semiconductor Industry
The Creation of a Competitive Market
Innovation and the Integrated Circuit
Falling Prices, Rising Output

6. The Early Commercial Computer Industry
Vacuum-Tube and Transistor Computers
The System/360 and IBM Dominance
Alternatives to IBM Computers

7. The Regulated Monopoly Telephone Industry
Antitrust and the 1956 Consent Decree
Microwave Technology and Potential Long Distance Competition
Central Office Switches
Terminal Equipment

II. BOUNDARY DISPUTES AND LIMITED COMPETITION, 1969-1984

8. Data Communications
Packet-Switching and the Arpanet
Network Protocols and Interconnection
Local Area Networks and Ethernet

9. From Mainframes to Microprocessors
Intel and the Microprocessor
Personal Computers and Workstations

10. The Computer-Communications Boundary
Computer-Assisted Messages: Communications or Data Processing?
Smart Terminals: Teletypewriters or Computers?
Interconnection of Customer-Owned Equipment with the Telephone Network
The Deregulation of Terminal Equipment
The Deregulation of Enhanced Services

11. Fringe Competition in Long Distance Telephone Service
Competition in Specialized Services
Competition in Switched Services
The Transition to Optical Fiber

12. Divestiture and Access Charges
The Divestiture
Access Charges
The Enhanced Service Provider Exemption

III. INTERCONNECTED COMPETITION AND INTEGRATED SERVICES, 1985-2002

13. Mobile Telephones and Spectrum Reform
Early Land Mobile Telephones
Cellular Spectrum Allocation
Cellular Licensing Problems
Spectrum Institutional Reform
PCS and Auctions

14. Local Competition and the Telecommunications Act of 1996
Competitive Access Providers
Interconnection: CAP to CLEC
The Telecommunications Act of 1996
Implementation of the Telecommunications Act of 1996

15. The Internet and the World Wide Web
The Commercial Internet and Backbone Interconnection
The Development of the Web
The New Economy Financial Boom and Bust
Real Growth in Telecommunication and Price Benefits

16. Conclusion
Technological Progress and Policy Evolution
The Process of Institutional Change
Final Comment

References
Index



Reviews of this book:
The Second Information Revolution is important reading for anyone who needs to understand the functioning of American telecommunications, either to be able to analyse today's financial markets or to understand or influence public policy in this area.
--Wendy M. Grossman, Times Higher Education Supplement [UK]

Reviews of this book:
Brock traces a phenomenon he refers to as the 'second information revolution.' According to Brock, there have been two times in history when information technology has dramatically changed daily life. The first 'information revolution' occurred with the advent of the telephone and telegraph, which made communication less expensive and more readily available. The second information revolution is currently in progress...A concise, thorough, and well-written history of the transformation in exchanging and processing of information.
--K. A. Coombs, Choice
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780674028791
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • Publication date: 6/30/2009
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 336
  • File size: 557 KB

Meet the Author

Gerald W. Brock is Professor of Telecommunication and Director of the Graduate Telecommunication Program at George Washington University, and was previously Common Carrier Bureau Chief at the Federal Communications Commission.

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

Abbreviations

1. Introduction

The Promise of Regulation

Conceptual Framework

2. The First Information Revolution

The Development of Telegraph Services

The Telephone and State Regulation

Radio and Federal Regulation

3. Technological Origins of the Second Information Revolution, 1940-1950

Radar

The Transistor

Electronic Digital Computers

4. The SAGE Project

I. THE SEPARATE WORLDS OF COMPUTERS AND COMMUNICATIONS, 1950-1968

5. The Early Semiconductor Industry

The Creation of a Competitive Market

Innovation and the Integrated Circuit

Falling Prices, Rising Output

6. The Early Commercial Computer Industry

Vacuum-Tube and Transistor Computers

The System/360 and IBM Dominance

Alternatives to IBM Computers

7. The Regulated Monopoly Telephone Industry

Antitrust and the 1956 Consent Decree

Microwave Technology and Potential Long Distance Competition

Central Office Switches

Terminal Equipment

II. BOUNDARY DISPUTES AND LIMITED COMPETITION, 1969-1984

8. Data Communications

Packet-Switching and the Arpanet

Network Protocols and Interconnection

Local Area Networks and Ethernet

9. From Mainframes to Microprocessors

Intel and the Microprocessor

Personal Computers and Workstations

10. The Computer-Communications Boundary

Computer-Assisted Messages: Communications or Data Processing?

Smart Terminals: Teletypewriters or Computers?

Interconnection of Customer-Owned Equipment with the Telephone Network

The Deregulation of Terminal Equipment

The Deregulation of Enhanced Services

11. Fringe Competition in Long Distance Telephone Service

Competition in Specialized Services

Competition in Switched Services

The Transition to Optical Fiber

12. Divestiture and Access Charges

The Divestiture

Access Charges

The Enhanced Service Provider Exemption

III. INTERCONNECTED COMPETITION AND INTEGRATED SERVICES, 1985-2002

13. Mobile Telephones and Spectrum Reform

Early Land Mobile Telephones

Cellular Spectrum Allocation

Cellular Licensing Problems

Spectrum Institutional Reform

PCS and Auctions

14. Local Competition and the Telecommunications Act of 1996

Competitive Access Providers

Interconnection: CAP to CLEC

The Telecommunications Act of 1996

Implementation of the Telecommunications Act of 1996

15. The Internet and the World Wide Web

The Commercial Internet and Backbone Interconnection

The Development of the Web

The New Economy Financial Boom and Bust

Real Growth in Telecommunication and Price Benefits

16. Conclusion

Technological Progress and Policy Evolution

The Process of Institutional Change

Final Comment

References

Index

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)