Second Thoughts: Seeing Conventional Wisdom Through the Sociological Eye / Edition 4
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Second Thoughts: Seeing Conventional Wisdom Through the Sociological Eye / Edition 4

by Karen A. Cerulo, Janet M. Ruane
     
 

ISBN-10: 1412956536

ISBN-13: 9781412956536

Pub. Date: 06/11/2008

Publisher: SAGE Publications

Do birds of a feather flock together or do opposites attract? Does haste make waste or should you strike while the iron is hot? Adages like these-or conventional wisdoms-shape our social life. This Fourth Edition of Second Thoughts reviews several popular beliefs and notes how such adages cannot be taken at face value.

This unique text encourages students to step

Overview

Do birds of a feather flock together or do opposites attract? Does haste make waste or should you strike while the iron is hot? Adages like these-or conventional wisdoms-shape our social life. This Fourth Edition of Second Thoughts reviews several popular beliefs and notes how such adages cannot be taken at face value.

This unique text encourages students to step back and sharpen their analytic focus with 22 essays that use social research to expose the gray areas of commonly held beliefs, revealing the complexity of social reality and sharpening students' sociological vision.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781412956536
Publisher:
SAGE Publications
Publication date:
06/11/2008
Edition description:
Fourth Edition
Pages:
440
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents


Preface     xiv
Acknowledgments     xvi
Introduction     xvii
The Sociological Perspective
Concepts Defined and Applied
Conventional wisdom
Social patterns
Social context
Cultural value
Self-fulfilling prophecy
Sociological imagination
Methods
Numbers Don't Lie     3
Concepts Defined and Applied
Population
Sample
Representative sample
Survey research
Valid measure
Reliable measure
Operationalization
Value-free researcher
Ethnocentrism
Culture
Winning Is Everything     15
Concepts Defined and Applied
Cultural value
Strategies of action
Dialectic
Prejudice
Culture against people
Children Are Our Most Precious Commodity     23
Concepts Defined and Applied
Infant mortality rates
Social indicators
Ideal culture
Real culture
Cultural inconsistency
Conflict theorists
Power
Social policies
Replacement level fertility
Social Structure
Love Knows No Reason     41
Concepts Defined and Applied
Social status
Norms of homogamy
Endogamy
Socioeconomic status
Self-esteem
Stress Is Bad for Your Well-Being     47
Concepts Defined and Applied
Social structure
Social location
Social context
Chronic stress
Social support network
Gemeinschaft
Gesellschaft
Task-oriented stress
Role conflict
Social strain
The "Golden Years" Are Tarnished Years     55
Concepts Defined and Applied
Emotionalregulation
Master status
Anticipatory socialization
Macro-level analysis
Social context
Age structure
Culture Meets Social Structure
Americans Are Becoming More and More Individualistic     73
Concepts Defined and Applied
Individualism
Social relations
Relational polyphony
Pluralism
Bilateral relations
Communalism
Communities of talk
Linear models
Culture
Cultural construction
Diffuse instability
There's Nothing We Can Do About the Weather     83
Concepts Defined and Applied
Weather
Climate
Greenhouse effect
Global warming
Ecology
Culture
Manifest functions
Latent functions
Manifest dysfunctions
Latent dysfunctions
Cap-and-trade system
Socialization and Identity
What's in a Name? That Which We Call a Rose by Any Other Name Would Small As Sweet     95
Concepts Defined and Applied
Symbols
Identity
Impression management
Norms
Boundary construction
Postmodern theory
Labeling theory
Secondary deviance
Beauty Is Only Skin Deep     109
Concepts Defined and Applied
Cultural inconsistency
Self-fulfilling prophecy
Cultural capital
Social status
Identity
Socialization
Appearance norms
Primary socialization
Rituals
Looking-glass self
Stratification
The More We Pay, the More It's Worth     123
Concepts Defined and Applied
Income
Davis-Moore thesis
Functional analysis
Conflict theorists
Wealth
Power
Occupational prestige
Occupational prestige scale
Stratification system
Money Is the Root of All Evil     131
Concepts Defined and Applied
Mortality rates
Socioeconomic status
Infant mortality rates
Life expectancy
Negative life events
Life chances
Functional analysis
You've Come a Long Way, Baby     139
Concepts Defined and Applied
Gender socialization
Gender typing
Stereotypes
Longitudinal data
Sex segregation
Pay gap
Gender scripts
America Is the Land of Equal Opportunity     157
Concepts Defined and Applied
Social status
Status set
Race
Racism
Prejudice
Discrimination
Racial steering
Linguistic profiling
Concentrated-poverty neighborhoods
Multiracial schools
Paired testing
Social construction of reality
Reification
Social context
Achieved status
Ascribed status
Master status
Identity
Life chances
Social minority
Deviance, Crime, and Social Control
Violence Is on the Rise in the United States-No One Is Safe     175
Concepts Defined and Applied
Uniform Crime Reports Index for Serious Crime
Victimization studies
Social construction of reality
Cultural value
Fear of strangers
There Ought to Be a Law     185
Concepts Defined and Applied
Social control
Norms
Informal social control
Formal social control
Social engineering
Moral entrepreneurs
Civil lawsuits
Class action suits
Tolerance
Social context
Honesty Is the Best Policy     195
Concepts Defined and Applied
Norms
Cultural value
Deviance
Deviant lies
Normal lies
Social context
Techniques of neutralization
Social scripts
Primary deviance
Secondary deviance
Social Institutions: Marriage and Family
The Nuclear Family Is the Backbone of American Society     207
Concepts Defined and Applied
Nuclear family
Household
Family
Macro-level analysis
Extended family
Marriage Is a Failing Institution     215
Concepts Defined and Applied
Marriage
Social institution
Happiness gap
Monogamy
Serial monogamy
Latent function
Manifest dysfunction
Families of orientation
Social Institutions: The Economy
Welfare Is Ruining This Country     231
Concepts Defined and Applied
Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)
Poverty threshold
Poverty
Public assistance programs
Social insurance programs
Intergenerational upward mobility
Out-group
In-group
Social reproduction theory
Structural functionalism
Social functions
Immigrants Are Ruining This Nation     245
Concepts Defined and Applied
Prejudice
Immigrant groups
Illegal aliens
Legal permanent residents (LPRs or "green card recipients")
Aliens
Legal immigrants
Naturalized citizens
Temporary legal migrants
Refugees and asylees
Unauthorized migrants
Cultural value
In-group
Out-group
Assimilation
Multiculturalism
Cultural capital
Social Institutions: Media and Technology
Technology Is Taking Over Our Lives     261
Concepts Defined and Applied
New communication technologies
Digital divide
E-philanthropy
Direct communication
Mediated communication
Social relations
Social Institutions: Education
Education Is the Great Equalizer     273
Concepts Defined and Applied
Intergenerational upward mobility
Structural functionalism
Literacy
Conflict theorists
Socialization
Tracking
Self-fulfilling prophecy
Social Institutions: Religion
We Are One Nation Under God     291
Concepts Defined and Applied
Religiosity
Church
Denominations
Sects
Cults
Religious affiliation
Social desirability bias
Bureaucracies
Pentecostals
Evangelicals
Fundamentalists
Ecclesias
Switchers
Megachurches
Conclusion: Why Do Conventional Wisdoms Persist?     301
References     307
Glossary/Index     379
About the Authors     413

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