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Secularization traces the decline of religion and the rise of secular belief systems. But it also touches on the transition from traditional to modern systems of organization, the replacement of metaphysical beliefs with science, the transition from community to association and much more besides. The debate about secularism and secularization has become a central issue in politics, public policy and international affairs. There is a long history of thinking about the religious and the secular, but the modern debate has special features and a great urgency mainly as a result of fears about religious fundamentalism, religious revival, political Islam and religious nationalism. Volume I explores the history and meaning of key terms: secular, secularism, secularity, secularization and laicity. It is primarily concerned with the philosophy and theology of the secular and examines the evolution of the debate from St Augustine's two cities to contemporary writings and is not confined to Christian debate. Volume II deals with the sociology of secularization and contains the classic statements by sociologists such as Max Weber, Georg Simmel, Bryan Wilson, David Martin, and Thomas Luckmann. Volume III considers American exceptionalism. Much the debate in sociology has centered on the question of America's differences from secular Europe. Religion and politics have been significantly interconnected in American history; America is a very special but influential case of secularization. Volume IV involves the comparative sociology of modern religious revivalism and the notion that we are in a post-secular society. The manifestations of religious revival in post-secular societies are truly global. This volume looks at the revival of world religions and popular religions such as spirit possession in the post-communist societies.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781848600874
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Publication date: 9/14/2010
  • Series: SAGE Key Debates in Sociology Series
  • Edition description: Four-Volume Set
  • Pages: 1624
  • Product dimensions: 6.60 (w) x 9.60 (h) x 6.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Bryan S. Turner is Professor of Sociology in the Asian Research Institute (ARI) at the National University of Singapore. Previously he was Professor of Sociology in the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences at the University of Cambridge from 1998-2005. His research interests include globalization and religion, concentrating on such issues as religious conflict and the modern state, religious authority and electronic information, religious, consumerism and youth cultures, human rights and religion, the human body, medical change, and religious cosmologies. He is Joint Chief Editor of the journal Citizenship Studies and serves on the editorial boards of several prestigious journals.
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Table of Contents

Religious Aspects of Modernization in Turkey and Japan - Robert N. Bellah
Civil Religion and Secularization: Ideological revitalization in post-revolutionary communist systems - Timothy W. Luke
Secularization in the Netherlands - Frank J. Lechner
Tranformative Constitutionalism and the Case of Religion: Defending the moderate hegemony of liberalism - Stephen Macedo
Richard Hooker and American Religious Liberty - Wendy Dackson
The Reconstruction of Religious Arenas in the Framework of "Multiple Modernities" - Shmuel N. Eisenstadt
Historicizing the Secularization Debate: Church, state, and society in late medieval and early modern Europe, ca. 1300 to 1700 - Philip S. Gorski
The Crisis of Indian Secularism - Sumit Ganguly
A Framework for the Comparative Analysis of Church-State Relations in Europe - John T.S. Madeley
The Enlightenment, Communism, and Political Religion: Reflections on a misleading trajectory - Richard Shorten
Under God but Not the Scarf: The founding myths of religious freedom in the United States and laïcité in France - T. Jeremy Gunn
Contentious Public Religion: Two conceptions of Islam in revolutionary Islam - Ali Shariàti and Abdolkarim Soroush - Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi
Hinduism, Christianity and Liberal Religious Tolerance - Jeff Spinner-Halevy
"Religious Nationalism": A textbook case from Turkey - Sam Kaplan
Religion - Bryan S. Turner
Religion in Public Space: A theoretical perspective and comparison of Russia, Japan and the United States - James T. Richardson
Secularism and the Public-Private Divide: Europe can learn from Latin America - David Lehmann
Religious Extremism: The good, the bad and the deadly - Laurence R. Iannacone and Eli Berman
Southeast Asia Spirited Politics: Religion and public life in contemporary Southeast Asia - Henry D. Delcore
Religious Nationalism and the Making of the Modern Japanese State - Fumiko Fukase-Indergaard and Michael Indergaard
Towards Eliminating the Concept of Secularization - David Martin
Secularization and Pluralism - Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann
The Concept of Secularization in Empirical Research - Larry Shiner
Pluralism, Religion and Secularism - Milton J. Yinger
The Death of God: An analysis of ideological crisis - Richard K. Fenn
Sociologists and Secularization - Roland Robertson
Aspects of Secularization in the West - Bryan Wilson
Secularization Theories and Sociological Paradigms - Karel Dobbelaere
Toward Desacralizing Secularization Theory - Jeffrey K. Hadden
The Implicit Religion of Contemporary Society: Some studies and reflections - Edward I. Bailey
Religious Deregulation - Roger Finke
Shrinking Transcendence, Expanding Religion? - Thomas Luckmann
The Secularization Issue: Prospect and retrospect - David Martin
Secularization as Declining Religious Authority - Mark Chaves
A Supply-Side Reinterpretation of the "Secularization" of Europe - Rodney Stark and Laurence R. Iannaccone
The Privatization of Religion and Morality - Thomas Luckmann
Secularism - John Keane
Christianity and the Secular - James Wetzel
Secularization and the Impotence of Individualized Religion - Steve Bruce
Religion in Europe in the 21st Century: The factors to take into account - Grace Davie
Christianity and Modern Industrial Society - Talcott Parsons
Civil Religion in America - Robert N. Bellah
Fundamentalism as an American Phenomenon: A comparison with English evangelicalism - George Marsden
Max Weber on Churches and Sects in North America: An alternative path toward rationalization - Colin Loader and Jeffrey C. Alexander
Modernity and Fundamentalism: The new Christian right in America - Steve Bruce
The Reliability of Historical United States Census Data on Religion - Rodney Stark
What the Polls Don't Show: A closer look at U. S. church attendance - C. Kirk Hadaway, Penny Long Marler and Mark Chaves
Why Strict Churches Are Strong - Laurence R. Iannaccone
Is There a Common American Culture? - Robert N. Bellah
Excepting Exceptionalism: American religion in comparative relief - N. Jay Demerath, III
Religious Pluralism and Religious Participation - Mark Chaves and Philip S. Gorski
The Center Doesn't Hold: Church attendance in the United States - Michael Hout and Andrew M. Greeley
Tracking the Restructuring of American Religion: Religious affiliation and patterns of religious mobility, 1973-1998 - Darren E. Sherkat
Fundamentalism as a Class Culture - Thaddeus Coreno
"Being Religious" or "Being Spiritual" in America: A zero-sum proposition? - Penny Long Marler and C. Kirk Hadaway
Thomas Jefferson and the Wall of Separation between Church and State - Daniel J. McCarthy
Remnants of Romanticism: Max Weber in Oklahoma and Indian territory - Lawrence A. Scaff
Talcott Parsons's Sociology of Religion and the Expressive Revolution: The problem of western individualism - Bryan S. Turner
Atheists as 'Other': Moral boundaries and cultural membership in American society - Penny Edgell, Joseph Gerteis and Douglas Hartmann
Uneven Secularization in the United States and Western Europe - Pippa Norris and Ronald Inglehart
The Problem of "American Exceptionalism" Revisited - John Torpey
Political Religion: The case of the cultural revolution in China - Jiping Zuo
A Religious Revival in Russia? - Andrew M. Greeley
The Worldwide Rise of Religious Nationalism - Mark Juergensmeyer
Religion and Spirituality: Unfuzzying the fuzzy - Brian J. Zinnbauer et al
Fundamentalism and Globalism - David Lehmann
Is Religious Belief Declining in Britain? - Robin Gill, C. Kirk Hadaway and Penny Long Marler
New Age Spiritualities as Secular Religion: A historian's perspective - Wouter J. Hanegraaff
Problems with the (De)Privatization of Religion - Chris Hann
The Varieties of Sacred Experience: Finding the sacred in a secular grove - N. Jay Demerath, III
Religious Nationalism and the Problem of Collective Representation - Roger Friedland
The Curious Case of the Unnecessary Recantation: Berger and secularization - Steve Bruce
Winds of Change: Religious nationalism in a transformation context - Frans Hoppenbrouwers
Religion in Britain: Neither believing nor belonging - David Voas and Alasdair Crockett
Challenging Secularization Theory: The growth of "new age" spiritualities of life - Paul Heelas
In Search of Certainties: The paradoxes of religiosity in societies of high modernity - Danièle Hervieu-Léger
Religion in the Public Sphere - J rgen Habermas
Bryan Wilson's Contributions to the Study of the New Religious Movements - Eileen Barker
The Future of Religion - Graham Ward
New Wine in Old Wineskins: An appraisal of religious legislation in China and the regulations on religious affairs of 2005 - Fuk-Tsang Ying
Spirituality and Popular Religion in Europe - Hubert Knoblauch
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