SECURING AMERICA'S PASSENGER-RAIL SYSTEMS

Overview

U.S. communities depend on reliable, safe, and secure rail systems. Each weekday, more than 12 million passengers take to U.S. railways. This book explains a framework for security planners and policymakers to guide cost-effective rail-security planning, specifically for the risk of terrorism. Risk is a function of threat, vulnerability, and consequences. This book focuses on addressing vulnerabilities and limiting consequences.

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Securing America's Passenger-Rail Systems

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Overview

U.S. communities depend on reliable, safe, and secure rail systems. Each weekday, more than 12 million passengers take to U.S. railways. This book explains a framework for security planners and policymakers to guide cost-effective rail-security planning, specifically for the risk of terrorism. Risk is a function of threat, vulnerability, and consequences. This book focuses on addressing vulnerabilities and limiting consequences.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780833041173
  • Publisher: Rand Publishing
  • Publication date: 12/30/2007
  • Pages: 142
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Brian Jackson (Ph.D., bio-inorganic chemistry, California Institute of Technology) is an associate physical scientist at RAND.

Paul Steinberg (Ph.D., English, University of California, Berkeley) is a Communications Analyst at RAND.

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Table of Contents

Preface iii

Figures vii

Tables ix

Summary xi

Acknowledgments xvii

Abbreviations xix

Chapter 1 Introduction 1

Background 1

Objectives and Scope 3

Approach 4

Outline of Book 5

Chapter 2 What Are the Key Rail-Attack Threats and Their Consequences? 7

Introduction 7

Weapons and Tactics Used Against Rail Systems 8

The Targets of Terrorist Attacks in Rail Systems 10

Outcomes of Past Terrorist Attacks on Rail Systems 12

Lessons from the Threat Assessment 16

Chapter 3 Qualitative Risk Assessment for a Notional Passenger-Rail System 17

Introduction 17

Laying Out a Notional Rail System 17

Determining Attack Scenarios 18

Qualitatively Assessing Terrorism Risk 20

Chapter 4 Baseline Security and Operational Characteristics of the Notional Rail System 25

Introduction 25

Defining the Baseline Security Measures 26

Notional Rail System Description 27

Defining Security Layers for the Notional Rail System 29

Chapter 5 Cost-Effectiveness Assessment of Security-Improvement Options for the Notional Rail System 33

Introduction 33

Assessment-Process Overview 34

Characterizing and Estimating Costs of Security-Improvement Options 36

Process-Based Security-Improvement Options: Implementing Enhanced Security Training 38

Technology-Based Security-Improvement Options: Installing Perimeter Fencing and Intrusion-Detection Systems Adjacent to Ground-Level Tracks 38

Infrastructure- or Facility-Modification Security-Improvement Options: Installing Blast-Resistant Containers in Stations 39

Perimeter-Layer Cost-Effectiveness Assessment Process 39

Prioritize Attack Scenarios by Level of Assessed Risk 39

Assess Relative Effectiveness ofSecurity-Improvement Options 41

Combine Effectiveness Assessments with Costs 61

Generate Preferred List of Security-Improvement Options at the Perimeter Layer 61

Test the Robustness of the Overall Cost-Effectiveness Process 64

Assess Security-Improvement Options Across All Layers and Generate System-Level Recommendations 67

Deal with Economic and Budgetary Limitations 70

Recognize Interdependence Across Security Options 70

Ensure a Proper Balance of Security-Improvement Options 72

Assess Timelines for Implementing Security-Improvement Options 72

Limitations on Using the Analytical Assessment Process 73

Chapter 6 Rail-Security Policy Considerations 77

Rail-Security Lessons at the System Level 77

The Future of Rail Security 79

Rail Security Versus the Security of Everything Else 81

Conclusions 82

Appendixes

A Qualitative Risk Assessment of Rail-Attack Scenarios 85

B Cost-Effectiveness Assessment Details 97

References 117

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