Sediment Records of Biomass Burning and Global Change / Edition 1

Sediment Records of Biomass Burning and Global Change / Edition 1

by James S. Clark
     
 

ISBN-10: 3540624341

ISBN-13: 9783540624349

Pub. Date: 03/21/1997

Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg

Biomass burning profoundly affects atmospheric chemistry, the carbon cycle, and climate and may have done so for millions of years.
Bringing together renowned experts from paleoecology, fire ecology, atmospheric chemistry, and organic chemistry, the volume elucidates the role of fire during global changes of the past and future. Topics covered include: the

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Overview

Biomass burning profoundly affects atmospheric chemistry, the carbon cycle, and climate and may have done so for millions of years.
Bringing together renowned experts from paleoecology, fire ecology, atmospheric chemistry, and organic chemistry, the volume elucidates the role of fire during global changes of the past and future. Topics covered include: the characterization of combustion products that occur in sediments, including char, soot/fly ash, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; the calibration of these constituents against atmospheric measurements from wildland and prescribed fire emissions; spatial and temporal patterns in combustion emissions at scales of individual burns to the globe.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9783540624349
Publisher:
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication date:
03/21/1997
Series:
Nato ASI Subseries I: (closed), #51
Edition description:
1997
Pages:
501
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.04(d)

Table of Contents

List of Participants
Acknowledgments
An Introduction to Sediment Records of Biomass Burning1
Proposed Bio-Geological and Chemical Based Terminology for Fire-Altered Plant Matter9
Background and Local Charcoal in Sediments: Scales of Fire Evidence in the Paleorecord23
Reconstruction of Paleo-Fire Through Climate and Eco-System Models49
The Culture of Fire: An Introduction to Anthropogenic Fire History71
Characterization of Particulate Products of Biomass Combustion117
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Sedimentary Records of Biomass Burning145
Biomass Consumption and Behavior of Wildland Fires in Boreal, Temperate, and Tropical Ecosystems: Parameters Necessary to Interpret Historic Fire Regimes and Future Fire Scenarios169
Biomass Burning Emissions and the Atmosphere189
Atmospheric Transports of Particulate and Gaseous Products by Fires207
Pre-Quaternary Records of Wildfire253
Marine Sediments: A Reservoir for Black Carbon and Their Use as Spatial and Temporal Records of Combustion271
Reconstructing Environmental Impacts of Fire from the Holocene Sedimentary Record295
The Sedimentary Record of Fire in Montane Meadows, Sierre Nevada, California, USA: a Preliminary Assessment313
Late Quaternary Climate, Fire, and Vegetation Dynamics329
Holocene Records of Fire from the Boreal and Temperate Zones of Europe347
Controls on Charcoal Distribution in Lake Sediments: Case Studies from Yellowstone National Park and Northwestern Minnesota367
Reconstruction of Fire Disturbance and Forest Succession from Fossil Pollen in Lake Sediments: Potential and Limitations387
The Contribution of Humans to Past Biomass Burning in the Tropics413
Lake Sediment Records of Fossil Fuel-Derived Carbonaceous Aerosols from Combustion443
Report of the Working Discussion Groups463
Cooperation of the Paleofire Science Community with Interdisciplinary Fire Research Programs483

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