Sediment Records of Biomass Burning and Global Change / Edition 1

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Biomass burning profoundly affects atmospheric chemistry, the carbon cycle, and climate and may have done so for millions of years.
Bringing together renowned experts from paleoecology, fire ecology, atmospheric chemistry, and organic chemistry, the volume elucidates the role of fire during global changes of the past and future. Topics covered include: the characterization of combustion products that occur in sediments, including char, soot/fly ash, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; the calibration of these constituents against atmospheric measurements from wildland and prescribed fire emissions; spatial and temporal patterns in combustion emissions at scales of individual burns to the globe.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783540624349
  • Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  • Publication date: 3/21/1997
  • Series: Nato ASI Subseries I: (closed), #51
  • Edition description: 1997
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 501
  • Product dimensions: 9.21 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 1.13 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Participants
An Introduction to Sediment Records of Biomass Burning 1
Proposed Bio-Geological and Chemical Based Terminology for Fire-Altered Plant Matter 9
Background and Local Charcoal in Sediments: Scales of Fire Evidence in the Paleorecord 23
Reconstruction of Paleo-Fire Through Climate and Eco-System Models 49
The Culture of Fire: An Introduction to Anthropogenic Fire History 71
Characterization of Particulate Products of Biomass Combustion 117
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Sedimentary Records of Biomass Burning 145
Biomass Consumption and Behavior of Wildland Fires in Boreal, Temperate, and Tropical Ecosystems: Parameters Necessary to Interpret Historic Fire Regimes and Future Fire Scenarios 169
Biomass Burning Emissions and the Atmosphere 189
Atmospheric Transports of Particulate and Gaseous Products by Fires 207
Pre-Quaternary Records of Wildfire 253
Marine Sediments: A Reservoir for Black Carbon and Their Use as Spatial and Temporal Records of Combustion 271
Reconstructing Environmental Impacts of Fire from the Holocene Sedimentary Record 295
The Sedimentary Record of Fire in Montane Meadows, Sierre Nevada, California, USA: a Preliminary Assessment 313
Late Quaternary Climate, Fire, and Vegetation Dynamics 329
Holocene Records of Fire from the Boreal and Temperate Zones of Europe 347
Controls on Charcoal Distribution in Lake Sediments: Case Studies from Yellowstone National Park and Northwestern Minnesota 367
Reconstruction of Fire Disturbance and Forest Succession from Fossil Pollen in Lake Sediments: Potential and Limitations 387
The Contribution of Humans to Past Biomass Burning in the Tropics 413
Lake Sediment Records of Fossil Fuel-Derived Carbonaceous Aerosols from Combustion 443
Report of the Working Discussion Groups 463
Cooperation of the Paleofire Science Community with Interdisciplinary Fire Research Programs 483
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